Long March 2A
FunctionCarrier rocket
ManufacturerCALT
Country of originChina
Size
Height32 metres (105 ft)[1]
Diameter3.35 metres (11.0 ft)[1]
Mass190,000 kilograms (420,000 lb)[1]
Stages2
Capacity
Payload to LEO
Mass2,000 kilograms (4,400 lb)[1]
Associated rockets
FamilyLong March
Derivative workLong March 2C, 2E, 2F
Launch history
StatusRetired
Launch sitesLA-2/138, JSLC
Total launches4
Success(es)3
Failure(s)1
First flight5 November 1974
Last flight26 January 1978

The Long March 2A, also known as the Chang Zheng 2A, CZ-2A and LM-2A, was a Chinese orbital carrier rocket that launched FSW-0 reconnaissance satellites. It was later replaced by the more capable Long March 4C. It was developed by the China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT).

It launched from Launch Area 2B at the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre in China. It was a 2-stage rocket that flew four times. On its first flight on 5 November 1974, a cable connecting the pitch rate control gyroscope to the guidance system became disconnected, resulting in a loss of control and launch failure.[2][3]

List of launches

Main article: List of Long March launches

Flight number Date (UTC) Launch site Payload Orbit Result
1 November 5, 1974
09:40
LA-2/138, JSLC FSW-0 No.0 LEO Failure
2 November 16, 1975
03:29
LA-2/138, JSLC FSW-0 No.1 LEO Success
3 December 7, 1976
04:38
LA-2/138, JSLC FSW-0 No.2 LEO Success
4 January 26, 1978
04:58
LA-2/138, JSLC FSW-0 No.3 LEO Success

References

  1. ^ a b c d Mark Wade. "CZ-2A". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 2008-05-16. Retrieved 2008-05-01.
  2. ^ "Long March 2A". nextspaceflight.com. Retrieved 2022-02-23.
  3. ^ "CZ-2A". 2008-05-16. Archived from the original on 16 May 2008. Retrieved 2022-02-23.