Mission typeReconnaissance
COSPAR ID2005-043D Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.28893
Spacecraft properties
ManufacturerProduction Corporation Polyot
Launch mass170 kg
Start of mission
Launch date27 October 2005, 06:52:26 UTC
Launch sitePlesetsk, Site 132/1
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude682 km
Apogee altitude704 km
Period98.62 minutes
Epoch3 November 2005 [1]

Sina-1 (Persian: سینا ۱) is the first Iranian artificial satellite, launched at 6:52 UTC October 28, 2005 on board a Cosmos-3M Russian launch vehicle from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome. The rocket was also carrying a Russian military Mozhayets-5 satellite, a Chinese China-DMC, a British TopSat, a European Space Agency SSETI Express (Student Space Exploration and Technology Initiative-Express), a Norwegian nCube, a German UWE-1, and a Japanese XI-V. Sina-1's Satellite Catalog Number or USSPACECOM object number is 28893.

In 2003, then-Defense Minister Admiral Ali Shamkhani announced that Iran would launch its first satellite on a locally produced launch vehicle within eighteen months. The plan was to develop a booster based on the Shahab-3 medium-range ballistic missile.[citation needed]

When difficulties arose with indigenous booster development, the Iranian Institute of Applied Research turned to the Omsk-based Russian company Polyot. Polyot provided the launch services aboard the Kosmos-3M rocket and also built the satellite itself. The cost of the satellite was US$15 million.[2]

The satellite

The Iranian Space Agency had for many years said they were on the verge of sending their first satellite into orbit, finally leading to the launch of Sina-1, a satellite for telecommunications and Earth-imaging research purposes.[3]

The miniaturized 170-kilogram reconnaissance satellite was put into a Sun-synchronous near-polar orbit and will image the surface with a 50 m (pan) with 50 km swath and 250 m resolution of MSS with 500 km swath resolution.

The future

This article needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (October 2009)

Iran has plans for the construction of five more Iranian satellites of which three are scheduled to be launched over the next three years. In July 2005, Iran's Deputy Telecom Minister Ahmad Talebzadeh said that Iran's next satellite, Mesbah, is ready for launch.

Mesbah, similar to Sina-1, is a reconnaissance satellite which will be used to monitor natural phenomena on Iran's territory. This satellite will most likely be launched on an indigenous rocket.

Iranian officials were originally going to use the recently cancelled Shahab-4 missile to carry out the process of launching satellites into space.[citation needed] Instead, IRIS, an advanced model of the Ghadr-110 IRBM missile, will be used.[citation needed]

In January 2005, Iran and a Russian firm sealed a $132 million deal to build a telecommunication satellite called Zohreh (Venus). The launch of Zohreh is planned in the next two years.

See also



  1. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  2. ^ "First Iranian satellite launched". 27 October 2005.
  3. ^ "First Iranian satellite launched". 27 October 2005.