Anne McLellan
AnneMcLellanUBC.jpg
McLellan in 2011
9th Deputy Prime Minister of Canada
In office
December 12, 2003 – February 6, 2006
Prime MinisterPaul Martin
Preceded byJohn Manley
Succeeded byChrystia Freeland (2019)[a]
Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness
In office
April 4, 2005 – February 6, 2006
Prime MinisterPaul Martin
Preceded byHerself (as Solicitor General)
Succeeded byStockwell Day
Solicitor General of Canada
In office
December 12, 2003 – April 3, 2005
Prime MinisterJean Chrétien
Paul Martin
Preceded byWayne Easter
Succeeded byHerself (as Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness)
Minister of Health
In office
January 15, 2002 – December 12, 2003
Prime MinisterJean Chrétien
Preceded byAllan Rock
Succeeded byPierre Pettigrew
Minister of Justice
Attorney General of Canada
In office
June 11, 1997 – January 14, 2002
Prime MinisterJean Chrétien
Preceded byAllan Rock
Succeeded byMartin Cauchon
Minister of Natural Resources
In office
November 4, 1993 – June 10, 1997
Prime MinisterJean Chretien
Preceded byBobbie Sparrow
Succeeded byRalph Goodale
Member of Parliament
for Edmonton Centre
(Edmonton West; 1997–2004)
(Edmonton Northwest; 1993–1997)
In office
October 25, 1993 – January 23, 2006
Preceded byMurray Dorin
Succeeded byLaurie Hawn
Personal details
Born (1950-08-31) August 31, 1950 (age 71)
Hants County, Nova Scotia, Canada
Political partyLiberal
Residence(s)Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Alma materDalhousie University (BA, LLB)
King's College London (LLM)
ProfessionLawyer, law professor, politician

A. Anne McLellan PC OC AOE (born August 31, 1950) is a Canadian politician and academic who served as the ninth deputy prime minister of Canada from 2003 to 2006. She was a cabinet minister in the Liberal governments of Jean Chrétien and Paul Martin, and represented Edmonton in the House of Commons of Canada. She also held the positions of solicitor general, minister of health, and minister of justice of Canada.

Early life

McLellan earned bachelor's degrees in Arts and Law from Halifax's Dalhousie University. She then earned a Master of Laws from King's College London in the United Kingdom in 1975.[citation needed]

She became a professor of law, first at the University of New Brunswick and then, beginning in 1980, at the University of Alberta Faculty of Law where she served at various times as associate dean and dean. She has also served on the board of directors of the Canadian Civil Liberties Association.[1]

Political career

Her first foray into politics was as the Liberal candidate for the riding of Edmonton Northwest in the 1993 general election, when she won her seat by 12 votes. She quickly became a rising star in the Liberal Party, being one of four Liberals elected in Alberta, and was named to cabinet as Minister of Natural Resources. McLellan has the prenominal "the Honourable" and the postnominal "PC" for life by virtue of being made a member of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada on November 4, 1993.[2]

She was re-elected by narrow margins in the new riding of Edmonton West in the 1997 and 2000 elections, despite the Liberals' general unpopularity in Alberta.[3] Her frequent narrow escapes gave her the nickname "Landslide Annie" in Canadian political circles.[4]

McLellan served as Minister of Justice from 1997 to 2002,[5] with responsibility for implementing new anti-terror and security laws following the September 11, 2001, attacks in the United States, and the implementation of the Canadian gun registry. She served as Minister of Health from 2002 to 2003.[6]

Though she supported Paul Martin for the Liberal leadership, she was kept in Jean Chrétien's cabinet, in part because Chrétien wanted an Albertan in his cabinet for the sake of regional representation.[7]

Deputy prime minister

On being sworn-in as Prime Minister on December 12, 2003, Paul Martin named her his deputy prime minister. McLellan was also named minister for the newly created Department of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness.[8] As Deputy Prime Minister, she was also chair of the Cabinet Operations Committee.[9] McLellan's appointment was one of a number of women given senior positions in the Paul Martin government.[10]

During the 2004 federal election, she was re-elected by 721 votes, or just over 1% of the vote, defeating Laurie Hawn of the Conservative Party of Canada in the riding of Edmonton Centre.

In the 2006 federal election, McLellan was defeated by Hawn 45.01% to 38.36%.

McLellan is one of the few Canadian parliamentarians to have spent her entire career as a cabinet member.[citation needed] This is due to the fact that McLellan was elected to parliament as a Liberal from Alberta, a historically weak province for the party. Serving as the only Liberal MP from the province, her inclusion as a cabinet member, and later elevation as Deputy Prime Minister, was tantamount to ensuring regional representation.[11]

After politics

On May 12, 2006, McLellan was appointed Distinguished Scholar in Residence to the University of Alberta at the Canadian university's Institute for United States Policy Studies. On June 27, 2006, she also became counsel to the Edmonton-based law firm Bennett Jones LLP. She also became a director on the boards of Nexen Inc., Agrium Inc. and Cameco Corporation.[12] McClellan is currently Chair of the Board of Directors of Pearson College UWC in Victoria, B.C. Pearson is one of 18 global United World Colleges in the world.

On July 1, 2009, McLellan was appointed an officer of the Order of Canada for her service as a politician and law professor, and for her contributions as a community volunteer. On May 9, 2013, she was appointed to the Alberta Order of Excellence for her achievements in politics, law and advanced education.[13]

In 2015, she was appointed Chancellor of Dalhousie University.[14][15]

In 2016, McLellan was controversially appointed as the chair of the Task Force on Marijuana Legalization and Regulation, created to provide recommendations on the design of a new system to legalize, strictly regulate and restrict recreational use of marijuana, despite her position within Bennett Jones.[16][17] The process included an opportunity for the public to provide their own input. On December 13, 2016, the panel's report was released to the news media; its recommendations were not binding on the legislators.[18]

On November 28, 2017, Pearson College UWC named her the chair of its board of directors.[19]

On March 18, 2019, in the context of the SNC-Lavalin affair Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, announced that McLellan would serve as a special advisor on whether a single minister should continue to hold the positions of Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada. She was also asked to analyze the operating policies and practices across the Cabinet, and the role of public servants and political staff in their interactions with the minister of justice and attorney general of Canada. She was asked to provide independent recommendations (sic) to the Prime Minister by June 30, 2019.[20]

On October 29, 2019, following the 2019 Canadian federal election, in which the Liberal Party did not win any seats in Alberta and Saskatchewan, the Prime Minister's Office announced that Prime Minister Justin Trudeau had hired McLellan as an adviser. The Office said McLellan would assist the prime minister as he formed a government against the backdrop of a growing sentiment of western alienation.[21][22]

On July 23, 2020 it was announced by Nova Scotia justice minister Mark Furey and federal minister of public safety and emergency preparedness Bill Blair that McLellan would serve on a 3-person Independent Review Panel concerning the RCMP response to the mass shooting that occurred in Nova Scotia on April 18/19, 2020.[23] Families of the 22 victims killed during the shooting reacted to the announcement with disappointment, as they had been calling for a full public inquiry.[24][25]

Notes

  1. ^ This position was vacant from February 6, 2006, until November 20, 2019.

References

  1. ^ Laghi, Brian (December 12, 2004). "The winners: McLellan's long climb". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved April 13, 2020.
  2. ^ "Privy Council Office - Bureau du Conseil privé". Pco-bcp.gc.ca. Archived from the original on August 12, 2004. Retrieved March 2, 2017.
  3. ^ Tony L. Hill. Canadian Politics, Riding by Riding: An In-depth Analysis of Canada's 301 Federal Electoral Districts. Prospect Park Press; 2002. ISBN 978-0-9723436-0-2. p. 382–.
  4. ^ "Landslide Annie". The Dictionary of Canadian Politics. Parli. 2021. Retrieved April 2, 2021.
  5. ^ State Support for Religious Education: Canada Versus the United Nations. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers; 2007. ISBN 90-04-14980-5. p. 1047–.
  6. ^ "Former Chretien cabinet minister Anne McLellan to head panel on marijuana legalization". National Post, June 2, 2016. Lee Berthiaume
  7. ^ Laghi, Brian (December 12, 2003). "The winners: McLellan's long climb". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved April 13, 2020.
  8. ^ Roy Cullen (2011). Beyond Question Period. Trafford Publishing. p. 150. ISBN 978-1-4269-6948-5.
  9. ^ Patrick Malcolmson; Richard Myers (February 8, 2012). The Canadian Regime. University of Toronto Press. p. 109. ISBN 978-1-4426-0590-9.
  10. ^ Chris Dornan; Jon H. Pammett (2004). The Canadian General Election of 2004. Dundurn. p. 60. ISBN 978-1-55002-516-3.
  11. ^ "PM taps Anne McLellan as western adviser".
  12. ^ "Board of Directors – Anne McLellan". Cameco. Archived from the original on October 15, 2013. Retrieved March 4, 2014.
  13. ^ "Diverse leaders to receive province's highest honour". Government of Alberta. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  14. ^ "The Honourable Anne McLellan to become Dalhousie's seventh chancellor - Dal News - Dalhousie University". Dal.ca. February 25, 2015. Retrieved March 2, 2017.
  15. ^ "Ex-deputy PM named Dalhousie chancellor | The Chronicle Herald". Thechronicleherald.ca. Retrieved March 2, 2017.
  16. ^ Stuart McNish. "Anne McLellan on pot's upsides and downsides". Vancouver Sun, Jul. 14, 2017.
  17. ^ Mile Hagarand Grant Robertson. "Questions raised over marijuana task force chair's ties to industry". The Globe and Mail, Apr. 12, 2017
  18. ^ The Canadian Press (December 13, 2016). "Task force recommends setting 18 as minimum age for pot purchases". BNN. Bell Media. Retrieved December 13, 2016. recreational marijuana should not be sold in the same location as alcohol or tobacco
  19. ^ "Former deputy PM takes helm at Pearson College". Times Colonist, November 28, 2017. Andrew Duffy
  20. ^ "Prime Minister announces former Deputy Prime Minister Anne McLellan as Special Advisor". March 18, 2019.
  21. ^ Leblanc, D, and Keller, J (October 29, 2019). "Trudeau hires Anne McLellan as western adviser". The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved October 30, 2019.((cite news)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  22. ^ Aiello, R (October 29, 2019). "Trudeau taps ambassador to France, Anne McLellan to aid in transition". CTV News. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
  23. ^ "No public inquiry into mass murders". Halifax Examiner. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  24. ^ "Review into Nova Scotia mass shooting 'wholly insufficient': Victims' families | Saltwire". www.capebretonpost.com. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  25. ^ "300 family members and friends of mass murder victims march and demand public inquiry". Halifax Examiner. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
27th Ministry – Cabinet of Paul Martin Cabinet posts (3) Predecessor Office Successor legislation enacted Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness2005–2006 Stockwell Day Wayne Easter Solicitor General of Canada2003–2005styled asMinister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness position abolished / legislation enacted John Manley Deputy Prime Minister of Canada2003–2006 Chrystia Freeland 26th Ministry – Cabinet of Jean Chrétien Cabinet posts (5) Predecessor Office Successor Allan Rock Minister of Health2002–2003 Pierre Pettigrew Allan Rock Minister of Justice1997–2002 Martin Cauchon legislation enacted Minister of Natural Resources1995–1997 Ralph Goodale Bobbie Sparrow Minister of Energy, Mines and Resources1993–1995styled as Minister of Natural Resources legislation enacted Bobbie Sparrow Minister of Forestry1993–1995styled as Minister of Natural Resources legislation enacted Special Cabinet Responsibilities Predecessor Title Successor Jim Edwards Federal Interlocutor for Métis and Non-Status Indians1993–1997 Ralph Goodale Party political offices Preceded byJohn Manley Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party of Canada 2003–2006 Succeeded byLucienne Robillard Parliament of Canada Preceded byMurray Dorin Member of Parliament for Edmonton Northwest 1993–1997 District abolished Member of Parliament for Edmonton West 1997–2004 Preceded bySteve Paproski Member of Parliament for Edmonton Centre 2004–2006 Succeeded byLaurie Hawn Academic offices Preceded byFred Fountain Chancellor of Dalhousie University 2015 – present Incumbent