The Bindal are an Indigenous Australian people of the state of North Queensland.

Language

Bindal (Bendalgubba, Nyawaygi) is an extinct Australian Aboriginal language of the Pama–Nyungan language family.[1] Bowern[2] suggests that it might have been a Maric language. Gavan Breen[1] has classified it as one of the Lower Burdekin languages yet presumes that one of two Lower Burdekin languages, which he concluded were not Maric, is Bindal. Only some confused word lists survive bearing on Bindal.

Country

The Bindal's coastal reaches lay around the Burdekin River's outlet into the Coral Sea at Upstart Bay, running northwards as far as Cape Cleveland and inland to the Leichhardt Range. They were the indigenous people of Ayr. Norman Tindale estimated the overall extent of their lands at about 1,000 square miles (2,600 km2).[3]

Alternative names

Notes

Citations

  1. ^ a b E61 Bindal.
  2. ^ Bowern 2011.
  3. ^ a b Tindale 1974, p. 166.
  4. ^ Scott 1886, p. 492.

Sources

  • Bowern, Claire (2011). "How Many Languages Were Spoken in Australia?". Anggarrgoon: Australian languages on the web.(corrected 6 February 2012)
  • "E61 Bindal". Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies. Retrieved 17 May 2022.
  • CC BY icon.svg
    This Wikipedia article incorporates text from Bindal published by the State Library of Queensland under CC-BY licence, accessed on 17 May 2022.
  • Gregory, Edmund (1886). "Mount Elliott" (PDF). In Curr, Edward Micklethwaite (ed.). The Australian race: its origin, languages, customs, place of landing in Australia and the routes by which it spread itself over the continent. Vol. 2. Melbourne: J. Ferres. pp. 448–453 – via Internet Archive.
  • O'Conner, J. (1886). "Mouths of the Burdekin River" (PDF). In Curr, Edward Micklethwaite (ed.). The Australian race: its origin, languages, customs, place of landing in Australia and the routes by which it spread itself over the continent. Vol. 2. Melbourne: J. Ferres. pp. 454–455 – via Internet Archive.
  • Scott, J.Hall (1886). "Burdekin River, various tribes" (PDF). In Curr, Edward Micklethwaite (ed.). The Australian race: its origin, languages, customs, place of landing in Australia and the routes by which it spread itself over the continent. Vol. 2. Melbourne: J. Ferres. pp. 492–501 – via Internet Archive.
  • Tindale, Norman Barnett (1974). "Bindal (QLD)". Aboriginal Tribes of Australia: Their Terrain, Environmental Controls, Distribution, Limits, and Proper Names. Australian National University Press.