Blountville
Sullivan County Courthouse in Blountville
Sullivan County Courthouse in Blountville
Location of Blountville, Tennessee
Location of Blountville, Tennessee
Coordinates: 36°32′0″N 82°19′35″W / 36.53333°N 82.32639°W / 36.53333; -82.32639
CountryUnited States
StateTennessee
CountySullivan
Founded1795
Named forWilliam Blount
Area
 • Total4.93 sq mi (12.78 km2)
 • Land4.93 sq mi (12.78 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,539 ft (469 m)
Population
 • Total3,120
 • Density632.22/sq mi (244.12/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
37617
Area code423
FIPS code47-06740[3]
GNIS feature ID1305297[4]

Blountville is a census-designated place (CDP) in and the county seat[5] of Sullivan County, Tennessee. The population was 3,074 at the 2010 census[6] and 3,120 at the 2020 census. It is the only Tennessee county seat not to be an incorporated city or town.

Blountville is part of the Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is a component of the Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA Combined Statistical Area, commonly known as the "Tri-Cities" region.

History

The area that is now Blountville is thought to have been the location of a longhunter fort prior to its permanent settlement. The site of the town was part of a tract of about 600 acres (240 ha) of land bought by James Brigham in 1782. In 1792 Brigham gave 30 acres (12 ha) to Sullivan County for use as a county seat and established a hotel nearby.[7] Blountville was laid off as a town and established as the county seat in 1795. The county's first courthouse and jail was a log structure. In 1825 it was replaced with a brick building.[8] By 1830, the settlement had 209 residents, two churches, six stores, two taverns, ten mechanics, one doctor, and one lawyer.[7]

On the afternoon of September 22, 1863, during the Civil War, the town was the scene of the four-hour-long Battle of Blountville. During a major expedition into East Tennessee and Southwest Virginia, a Union Army unit attacked Confederate troops at Blountville. The town was shelled in the fighting and the courthouse was burned in the battle, which forced the Confederates to withdraw.[9] The courthouse was rebuilt within the old walls in 1866. The current courthouse dates from a major construction that was done in 1920; it also includes additions made in 1958.[8]

If Blountville were an incorporated town, it would qualify as the second oldest municipality in Tennessee (second only to Jonesborough); however, it was unincorporated at one point in order to avoid having redundant government services for such a small area and population. This unique status has led to some odd results, including a lawsuit in which it was ruled that neighboring Kingsport was not allowed to annex areas of Sullivan County within a defined distance of the courthouse, in effect ensuring that the county seat could not be annexed out of existence.[citation needed]

Historic district

Several of Blountville's surviving 18th and 19th century buildings are included in an historic district listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[10] The Deery Inn was built in the late 1700s and consists of three buildings: a two-story log home, a three-story stone house and a two-story frame building. All buildings are next to each other and attached. The home is a private residence.[11]

Geography

Blountville is located at 36°32′0″N 82°19′35″W / 36.53333°N 82.32639°W / 36.53333; -82.32639 (36.533312, -82.326474).[12]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.9 square miles (13 km2), all land.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
20203,120
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
The Deery Inn in Blountville, built circa 1785–1801

2020 census

Blountville racial composition[14]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 2,921 93.62%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 66 2.12%
Native American 3 0.1%
Asian 12 0.38%
Other/Mixed 77 2.47%
Hispanic or Latino 41 1.31%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 3,120 people, 1,036 households, and 683 families residing in the CDP.

2000 census

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 2,959 people, 1,060 households, and 763 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 518.0 inhabitants per square mile (200.0/km2). There were 1,134 housing units at an average density of 198.5 per square mile (76.6/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 98.01% White, 1.32% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.07% from other races, and 0.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.88% of the population.

There were 1,060 households, out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.0% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 16.9% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 35.3% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 123.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 127.6 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $37,609, and the median income for a family was $41,594. Males had a median income of $31,842 versus $18,163 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $16,173. About 3.0% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.4% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.

Motocross

On June 1, 2013, the Lucas Oil Pro Motocross Championship was held at Muddy Creek Raceway in Blountville. This was the first time the Pro Motocross Championship was held in the South in 15 years. The 2013 Built Ford Tough Tennessee National was the first ever Pro National held at Muddy Creek Raceway.

Education

Blountville has five public schools. The three elementary schools are Holston, Indian Springs, and Central Heights Elementary School. The new middle school is Sullivan Central Middle School. High school students attend the recently opened West Ridge High School. The community is also the site of Northeast State Community College.

Elementary and middle school students formerly attended the Blountville Elementary & Middle School just outside the downtown area until closing in May 2021 and is the first time in 200 years that no school has operated in the community[15][16]

Transportation

Blountville is the site of the Tri-Cities Regional Airport, located in Blountville primarily because of its central location between Johnson City, Kingsport, Bristol, TN/VA.[citation needed] NASCAR champion Alan Kulwicki died in an airplane crash near Blountville.[17]

Recreation

Blountville's historic district includes two 18th-century buildings— the Old Deery Inn and the Anderson Townhouse— and several notable 19th-century structures. Appalachian Ghost Walks— a ghost tour company that specializes in the "haunted" history of the Appalachian Mountains— has established a ghost tour of Blountville's historic district. The Big Hollow Par 3 Golf Course, Factory Stores of America, and Country Side Vineyard and Winery are all located in the Blountville vicinity. Appalachian Caverns— the largest show cave in East Tennessee—[citation needed] and Boone Lake are located just south of Blountville.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  2. ^ "Census Population API". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  7. ^ a b Oliver Taylor, Historic Sullivan: A History of Sullivan County, Tennessee, 1909, Chapter XIX, Blountville (pages 137-148), The King Printing Co., Sullivan County (Tenn.), 330 pages
  8. ^ a b "Historic Sullivan, Archives and Tourism | County History". www.historicsullivan.com. Retrieved January 12, 2022.
  9. ^ "Sullivan County Civil War Days". Archived from the original on October 7, 2010. Retrieved September 22, 2010.
  10. ^ Carolyn Sakowski, Touring the East Tennessee Backroads, pages 79-82
  11. ^ Jackie Sheckler Finch (July 1, 2009). Tennessee: A Guide to Unique Places. Globe Pequot. p. 6. ISBN 978-0-7627-5057-3. Retrieved November 22, 2011.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  14. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 26, 2021.
  15. ^ https://www.timesnews.net/news/education/watch-now-closing-of-blountville-schools-prompts-motorcycle-tales-memory-walks/article_277eed20-a91a-11eb-9e61-37367c516df3.html
  16. ^ https://www.supertalk929.com/2021/08/16/two-sullivan-county-closed-schools-may-see-new-life-for-future-public-use/
  17. ^ Gary D'Amato (July 25, 1999). "Honor stirs up fond memories of Kulwicki". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Archived from the original on October 13, 2007. Retrieved July 25, 2007.

36°32′00″N 82°19′35″W / 36.533312°N 82.326474°W / 36.533312; -82.326474