Union City, Tennessee
Obion County Courthouse, downtown
Obion County Courthouse, downtown
Nickname: 
UC
Location of Union City in Obion County, Tennessee.
Location of Union City in Obion County, Tennessee.
Coordinates: 36°25′28″N 89°3′3″W / 36.42444°N 89.05083°W / 36.42444; -89.05083
CountryUnited States
StateTennessee
CountyObion
Established1854[1]
Incorporated1867[2]
Named forLocal railroad junction[1]
Government
 • MayorTerry Hailey
Area
 • Total12.12 sq mi (31.38 km2)
 • Land12.11 sq mi (31.36 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation338 ft (103 m)
Population
 • Total11,170
 • Density922.53/sq mi (356.18/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
38261 & 38281
Area code731
FIPS code47-75940[6]
GNIS feature ID1273213[4]
Websitewww.unioncitytn.gov

Union City is located in Obion County, Tennessee, United States.[7] 11,170 people were living in the town as of the 2020 census. It is the principal urban settlement of the surrounding micropolitan area, which includes Obion County and Fulton County, Kentucky. Union City is home to Discovery Park of America which is a world-renowned encyclopedic museum with many exhibits pertaining to local history, as well as state, national, and world history, science, technology, and art.

Etymology

In 1852, General George Gibbs gave Union City its name because of its location at the junction or "union" of two railroads, the Nashville/Northwestern Railroad (Hickman, KY) and the Mobile, Alabama/Ohio Railroad.[8]

Geography

Union City is located at 36°25′28″N 89°3′3″W / 36.42444°N 89.05083°W / 36.42444; -89.05083 (36.424395, −89.050850).[9] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.7 square miles (28 km2), all land. The mayor, appointed by his fellow city councilors since 1988, is Terry Hailey.[10]

Climate

Under the Köppen climate classification system, Union City has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa).

Climate data for Union City, Tennessee (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1895–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 78
(26)
81
(27)
91
(33)
93
(34)
100
(38)
106
(41)
109
(43)
111
(44)
108
(42)
99
(37)
86
(30)
78
(26)
111
(44)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 44.5
(6.9)
49.2
(9.6)
58.6
(14.8)
69.3
(20.7)
78.1
(25.6)
85.9
(29.9)
88.4
(31.3)
88.0
(31.1)
82.5
(28.1)
71.8
(22.1)
58.5
(14.7)
48.0
(8.9)
68.6
(20.3)
Daily mean °F (°C) 35.7
(2.1)
39.4
(4.1)
48.0
(8.9)
57.9
(14.4)
67.7
(19.8)
75.8
(24.3)
78.5
(25.8)
76.9
(24.9)
70.3
(21.3)
58.9
(14.9)
47.4
(8.6)
39.0
(3.9)
58.0
(14.4)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 26.9
(−2.8)
29.6
(−1.3)
37.4
(3.0)
46.5
(8.1)
57.3
(14.1)
65.7
(18.7)
68.6
(20.3)
65.8
(18.8)
58.1
(14.5)
46.0
(7.8)
36.3
(2.4)
30.0
(−1.1)
47.4
(8.6)
Record low °F (°C) −22
(−30)
−19
(−28)
−7
(−22)
22
(−6)
32
(0)
43
(6)
45
(7)
44
(7)
33
(1)
15
(−9)
1
(−17)
−13
(−25)
−22
(−30)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.97
(101)
4.64
(118)
5.23
(133)
5.22
(133)
5.56
(141)
4.41
(112)
4.05
(103)
3.34
(85)
3.81
(97)
3.96
(101)
4.43
(113)
5.17
(131)
53.79
(1,366)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 2.1
(5.3)
1.7
(4.3)
1.0
(2.5)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.25)
0.2
(0.51)
0.7
(1.8)
5.8
(15)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 12.1 10.7 12.7 11.9 12.2 9.9 9.0 8.2 7.6 8.4 10.4 11.3 124.4
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 1.6 1.1 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.6 3.9
Source: NOAA[11][12]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18801,879
18903,44183.1%
19003,407−1.0%
19104,38928.8%
19204,4120.5%
19305,86532.9%
19407,25623.7%
19507,6655.6%
19608,83715.3%
197011,92534.9%
198010,436−12.5%
199010,5130.7%
200010,8763.5%
201010,8950.2%
202011,1702.5%
Sources:[13][14][5]

2020 census

Union City racial composition[15]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 7,003 62.69%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 2,470 22.11%
Native American 27 0.24%
Asian 65 0.58%
Other/Mixed 591 5.29%
Hispanic or Latino 1,014 9.08%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 11,170 people, 4,461 households, and 2,617 families residing in the city.

2000 census

As of the census[6] of 2000, the population density was 1,020.1 inhabitants per square mile (393.9/km2). There were 5,013 housing units at an average density of 470.2 per square mile (181.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 75.44% White, 21.29% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 1.59% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.41% of the population.

There were 4,568 households, out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 23.6% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every hundred females there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,399, and the median income for a family was $40,737. Males had a median income of $35,801 versus $19,694 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,787. About 12.5% of families and 16.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.4% of those under age 18 and 14.6% of those age 65 or over.

A main street in Union City.

Economy

The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company operated a plant in the city from 1969 to 2011. On February 10, 2011, Goodyear announced that the Union City plant would shut down by the end of the year. On June 11, 2011, production ceased at the plant.[16]

Darling International operates a rendering plant.[17]

Cultural

Discovery Park of America in Union City, TN.

Museums

Union City is home to Discovery Park of America, a 50-acre museum and heritage park with exhibits pertaining to local and national history, nature, military history, art and science.[18] Discovery Park was founded by local businessman Robert Kirkland in order to give back to his home community.

Sports

Union City was home to a Minor League Baseball team known as the Union City Greyhounds from 1935 to 1942 and 1946 to 1952 and as the Union City Dodgers from 1953 to 1955. [19] They played in the Kentucky–Illinois–Tennessee League and won three league championships (1936, 1948, and 1954).[19] Over their 19-year run, the team had affiliations with the St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Cleveland Indians, and Brooklyn Dodgers.[19]

Media

Union City is served by the newspaper The Messenger (Union City Daily Messenger),.[20][21]

Confederate Monument

Historic landmarks

Notable people

Discovery Park of America in Union City

References

  1. ^ a b Judi McIntyre, Historical and Architectural Resources of Union City, Obion County, Tennessee, National Register of Historic Places Registration Form, October 1998, Sec. E, pg. 1. Retrieved: 26 February 2013.
  2. ^ Tennessee Blue Book, 2005-2006, pp. 618-625.
  3. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  4. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Union City, Tennessee
  5. ^ a b "Census Population API". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  6. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  8. ^ "Union City - About Us". Union City Tennessee. 2021. Retrieved September 13, 2021.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  10. ^ "Mayor & City Council". Union City. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
  11. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 25, 2021.
  12. ^ "Station: Union City, TN". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 25, 2021.
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
  14. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 11, 2013. Retrieved December 11, 2013.
  15. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 7, 2021.
  16. ^ State Gazette, Goodyear Union City Plant Closes Its Doors, Retrieved July 12, 2011
  17. ^ NWTN Today, Darling Purchases Griffin Industries. Retrieved 17-July-2011.
  18. ^ "Discovery Park of America". Discovery Park of America. Retrieved September 28, 2019.
  19. ^ a b c "Sports in Union City, Tennessee". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved June 5, 2020.
  20. ^ Union City Daily Messenger, Mondotimes.com, Retrieved, October 6, 2010
  21. ^ NWTNToday.com
  22. ^ "History". Retrieved September 28, 2019.

Further reading