Skyline with Greenbelt Park below
Skyline with Greenbelt Park below
Flag of Maryville
Official logo of Maryville
"People are the Key"
Location of Maryville in Blount County, Tennessee.
Location of Maryville in Blount County, Tennessee.
U.S. Census map
U.S. Census map
Coordinates: 35°44′48″N 83°58′44″W / 35.74667°N 83.97889°W / 35.74667; -83.97889
CountryUnited States
Named forMary Grainger Blount
 • TypeCouncil-manager
 • City managerGreg McClain
 • MayorAndy White
 • Total17.27 sq mi (44.72 km2)
 • Land17.27 sq mi (44.72 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation981 ft (299 m)
 • Total31,907
 • Density1,847.86/sq mi (713.48/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
Area code865
FIPS code47-46380[5]
GNIS feature ID2405036[3]

Maryville is a city in and the county seat of Blount County, Tennessee.[6] Its population was 31,907 at the 2020 census.[7]


When the first European explorers arrived in the area, they found the Great Indian Warpath, which ran along the route where the modern US-411 has been built. The trail was long used by the indigenous peoples of the area. A historic Cherokee village known as "Elajay" was situated at the confluence of Ellejoy Creek (named after the village) and the Little River. Its site was near the modern Heritage High School. Ensign Henry Timberlake passed through the village in 1762 while returning from his expedition to the Overhill villages to the west. He reported that it had been abandoned.[8]

Monument marking the spring that once supplied water to Fort Craig

In 1785, Revolutionary War veteran John Craig built a wooden palisade enclosing cabins at what is known as Fort Craig (or Craig's Station) in present-day Maryville. Such stations were built throughout the frontier to defend settlers against attacks from the Cherokee. For example, "on April 11, 1793, when settlers believed Indian attacks were imminent, 280 men, women, and children gathered in small huts at John Craig's station on Nine Mile Creek."[9]

Craig donated 50 acres (20 ha) next to his fort for the founding of a new town. Incorporated as a city on July 11, 1795, the settlement was named in honor of Mary Grainger Blount, wife of the territorial governor William Blount. Blount County was named after him.[10]

The family of Sam Houston moved to Maryville from Virginia in 1808, when Houston was 15. His older brothers put him to work as a clerk in a store they established in town, but he ran away. Houston lived for a few years with the Cherokee at Hiwassee Island, on the Hiwassee River, where he became fluent in their language and appreciative of their culture. After his return to Maryville about 1811, Houston started a one-room schoolhouse. He signed up for the army during the War of 1812 and rose rapidly in rank, beginning his military and political career. The schoolhouse still stands just off US-411 near the community of Wildwood.

Sam Houston Schoolhouse in Maryville

Maryville was a center of abolitionist activity throughout the early 19th-century; it was generated mostly by the Society of Friends, which had a relatively large presence in Blount County. They were supported by anti-slavery advocates such as Isaac L. Anderson, the founder of Maryville College.[11] When Tennessee voted on the Ordinance of Secession in 1861, only 19 percent of Blount Countians voted in favor of seceding from the Union.[12]

Although staunchly pro-Union throughout the Civil War, Maryville was not liberated by federal troops until May 1864. In August of that year, a Confederate cavalry raid, under the command of General Joseph Wheeler, attacked the courthouse where the Union troops had taken shelter. To try to dislodge the federal soldiers, Confederates set fire to several buildings, including a store where the city's records were being kept. Polly Tool, an African-American slave, rescued most of the records. She was honored by a statue in the Blount County courthouse. In the Reconstruction Era Maryville became a hub of Radical Republican activity for East Tennessee. Its local Union League provided a lively forum for political discussion,[13] and the Freedmen's Normal Institute was established on the present-day site of Maryville High School. The city elected William Bennett Scott Sr., the country's second African-American mayor, in 1869.[14]

Maryville is home to one of 24 Alcoa Care-free Homes built in the United States in 1957–1958.[15]

In the 1970s, after several department stores and other retailers moved from the downtown area to Alcoa's Midland shopping center, the city spent $10 million on a renewal project called "Now Town". Traffic was re-routed, facades were placed on old buildings, slums were cleared, and the Bicentennial Greenbelt Park was created. The project failed to attract business back to the downtown locations; instead retailers moved to the new Foothills Mall a few years later. The downtown area remained in decline until the 2000s, when the city agreed to reverse many of the "Now Town" changes.

U.S. Senator Lamar Alexander was born in Maryville in 1940. Alexander served as Governor of Tennessee from 1979 to 1987 and Secretary of Education (1991–1993) under President George H. W. Bush. He ran unsuccessful campaigns for president in 1996 and 2000, both times announcing his candidacy for the Republican Party from his hometown of Maryville. In 2002, he was elected to the U.S. Senate, succeeding Fred Thompson.

On July 2, 2015, a CSX freight train carrying hazardous materials went off of its tracks. Over 5,000 citizens were displaced from their homes within a two-mile (three kilometer) radius.[16][17][18]


Bicentennial Greenbelt Park

Maryville is located in north-central Blount County in the foothills of the Great Smoky Mountains. Chilhowee Mountain, the outermost ridge of the Western Smokies, rises prominently to the south. Chilhowee's eastern flank— known locally as "The Three Sisters"— is visible from almost anywhere in the city, and dominates the southern horizon along US-321 between Maryville and Walland. Maryville is bordered on the north by Maryville's twin city, Alcoa. A number of small suburbs— including Wildwood, Ellejoy, and Clover Hill— surround Maryville to the east and west.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.8 square miles (43.5 km2), all land.[19]

Major streets


Sandy Springs Park


Historical population

2020 census

Maryville racial composition[22]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 27,122 85.0%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 944 2.96%
Native American 65 0.2%
Asian 632 1.98%
Pacific Islander 5 0.02%
Other/Mixed 1,500 4.7%
Hispanic or Latino 1,639 5.14%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 31,907 people, 10,719 households, and 7,132 families residing in the city.

2010 census

As of the census[5] of 2010, there were 27,465 people, 10,712 households, and 7,028 families. The population density was 1,634.8 inhabitants per square mile (631.2/km2). There were 11,679 housing units at an average density of 637.6 per square mile (246.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.0% White, 3.2% Black, 0.3% Native American, 1.55% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.2% of the population.

There were 10,712 households, out of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 29.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.2% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 20 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $46,394, and the median income for a family was $61,227. Males had a median income of $31,478 versus $20,418 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,579. About 9.0% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.3% of those under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over.


Average temperatures in July range from 69 degrees low to 87 degrees high. Average temperatures in January range from 29 degrees low to 46 degrees high.[23] Most of the year is very pleasant with mild temperatures.


Top employers

According to Maryville's 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[24] the top employers in the area were:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Denso 5,350
2 Clayton Homes 4,883
3 Blount Memorial Hospital 2,647
4 McGhee Tyson Air National Guard Base 1,728
5 Blount County Schools 1,701
6 Newell Brands 1,000
7 Arconic (formerly Alcoa, Inc.) 898
8 Blount County Government 774
9 Maryville City Schools 708
10 Walmart 610
11 Accenture Hospitality Service 541
12 TeamHealth Alcoa Billing Center 451
13 Ruby Tuesday 475
14 Massey Group 405
15 Maryville College 380
16 Reinhart Food Service (formerly IJ Co.) 344
17 City of Maryville 321
18 Standard Aero Inc. 335
19 Rockford Manufacturing 300
20 City of Alcoa 275
21 K12 265
22 Alcoa City Schools 344
23 Peninsula Hospital, Division of Covenant Health 317



Maryville City Schools operates public schools.

Private or parochial

Maryville College

Maryville is home to Maryville College, a private four-year liberal arts college. It was founded in 1819 by Presbyterian minister Isaac L. Anderson for the purpose of furthering education and enlightenment and whose mission was to do good on the largest possible scale. The college is one of the fifty oldest colleges in the United States and the twelfth oldest institution in the South.[25] It is associated with the Presbyterian Church (USA). It enrolls about 1,103 students. Maryville College's mascot is the Scots. The sports teams compete in NCAA Division III athletics in the USA South Athletic Conference and formerly the Great South Athletic Conference.

Other colleges

Weekend programs

The East Tennessee Japanese School (イーストテネシー補習授業校 Īsuto Teneshī Hoshū Jugyō Kō), a weekend Japanese education program, holds its classes at Maryville College.[26]

Notable people

See also


  1. ^ Tennessee Blue Book, 2005-2006, pp. 618-625.
  2. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  3. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Maryville, Tennessee
  4. ^ a b "Census Population API". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  5. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  7. ^ "Quickfacts: Maryville city, Tennessee". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 24, 2021.
  8. ^ Henry Timberlake, Samuel Williams (ed.), Memoirs, 1756-1765 (Marietta, Georgia: Continental Book Co., 1948), pp. 118-119.
  9. ^ Walter Durham, "Frontier Stations", Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture, accessed 27 August 2010
  10. ^ Inez Burns, History of Blount County, Tennessee: From War Trail to Landing Strip, 1795-1955 (Nashville: Benson Print Co., 1957), 2-30.
  11. ^ Durwood Dunn, Cades Cove: The Life and Death of an Appalachian Community, Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press, 1988, 125.
  12. ^ Oliver Perry Temple, East Tennessee and the Civil War (R. Clarke Company, 1899), p. 199.
  13. ^ Snay, Mitchell (2010) Fenians, Freedmen, and Southern Whites: Race and Nationality in the Era of Reconstruction
  14. ^ "Maryville Historic Timeline" Archived 2009-02-02 at the Wayback Machine, City of Maryville
  15. ^ Oxenham, Andrew (August 19, 2020). "The ALCOA Care-Free Home by Charles M. Goodman, Mid Century Modern Tennessee".
  16. ^ "U.S. News - National News". ABC News.
  17. ^ "Train Carrying 'Flammable and Toxic Gas' Derails, Burns". NBC News.
  18. ^ "Quick Links". CNN.
  19. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Maryville city, Tennessee". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
  20. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
  21. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 11, 2013. Retrieved December 11, 2013.
  22. ^ "Explore Census Data". Retrieved December 26, 2021.
  23. ^ Retrieved: 4 September 2011.
  24. ^ City of Maryville Comprehensive Annual Financial Report. Retrieved: 19 December 2020.
  25. ^ Maryville College website. Retrieved: 4 September 2011.
  26. ^ "補習授業校リスト" (Archive). Consulate General of Japan in Nashville. Retrieved on February 15, 2015. "(2)イーストテネシー補習授業校 ( East Tennessee Japanese School ) 学校所在地  c/o Maryville College 502 E. Lamar Alexander Parkway, Maryville, TN 37804"
  27. ^ "Meet Lamar". Alexander for Senate. Retrieved September 9, 2010.
  28. ^ Robert Booker, Charles Warner Cansler, Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture, 2009. Retrieved: 6 April 2011.
  29. ^ Mike Cross biography from official website. Retrieved: 14 February 2011.
  30. ^ Johnson Bible College - Our History Archived 2011-02-06 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved: 14 February 2011.
  31. ^ Jack Greene - Official site Archived 2011-02-02 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved: 14 February 2011.
  32. ^ M. Thomas Inge, High Times and Hard Times (Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press, 1967), p. 18n.
  33. ^ Sam Houston - Chronology. Retrieved: 14 February 2011.
  34. ^ Lee Humphrey - ESPN player profile. Retrieved: 14 February 2011.
  35. ^ IMDb - Melanie Hutsell. Retrieved: 14 February 2011.
  36. ^ Kevin Cowan, "Attorney's New Home Christened in Festive Fashion," Knoxville News Sentinel, 13 January 2008. Retrieved: 24 August 2012.
  37. ^ "Annie E. Law". The Nautilus: 132–133.
  38. ^ Steve Wildsmith, "Doc Severinsen, ‘Murvul’ boy: Former ‘Tonight Show’ bandleader now calls Blount County home," The Daily Times, 10 April 2013. Retrieved: 8 May 2021.