Henderson, Tennessee
Shops in Henderson
Shops in Henderson
Location of Henderson in Chester County, Tennessee.
Location of Henderson in Chester County, Tennessee.
Coordinates: 35°26′35″N 88°38′40″W / 35.44306°N 88.64444°W / 35.44306; -88.64444
CountryUnited States
StateTennessee
CountyChester
Government
 • MayorBobby King
Area
 • Total7.83 sq mi (20.29 km2)
 • Land7.80 sq mi (20.22 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.07 km2)
Elevation
446 ft (136 m)
Population
 • Total6,308
 • Density808.20/sq mi (312.04/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
38340
Area code731
FIPS code47-33260[3]
GNIS feature ID1287374[4]
Websitehendersontn.org

Henderson is a city in and the county seat of Chester County, Tennessee, United States.[5] The population was 6,309 at the 2010 census,[6] up from 5,670 at the 2000 census.

History

Henderson was platted in 1857, when the railroad was extended to that point.[7] The city takes its name from Henderson County, Tennessee.[7] Henderson was called Dayton during the Civil War, then was known as Henderson Station and, finally, Henderson.[8]

Geography

Henderson is located near the center of Chester County at 35°26′35″N 88°38′40″W / 35.44306°N 88.64444°W / 35.44306; -88.64444 (35.443025, -88.644345),[9] to the west of the South Fork Forked Deer River. U.S. Route 45 passes through the city, leading northwest 17 miles (27 km) to Jackson and south 20 miles (32 km) to Selmer. Tennessee State Route 100 passes south of the city center, leading east 32 miles (51 km) to Decaturville and west 30 miles (48 km) to Whiteville.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.9 square miles (20.4 km2), of which 0.03 square miles (0.07 km2), or 0.35%, is water.[6]

Arts, culture and outdoors

For several years, the Henderson Arts Commission has sponsored many arts-related events and programs, like the Summer Camp Theatre Experience.[10]

The city park is called Gene Record Park. It features playground equipment, a walking trail, soccer fields, a permanent space for the local Farmer's Market, picnic tables, a dog park, and a 9-hole disc golf course.[11] In January 2020, the city paper (Chester County Independent) reported that a Splash Pad would soon be installed at the park.[12]

Since 1978, Henderson has also been the site of the Chester County Barbecue Festival, a regional event that celebrates the barbecue tradition of the area.[13] The first pitmaster for the Chester County Barbecue Festival was Bill Howard, a pitmaster from Jacks Creek, Tennessee who was known throughout Chester County as "The Barbecue King".[14] Howard was chosen by the Smithsonian Folklife Festival to represent Afro-American barbecue and was invited to serve barbecue in Washington, DC in 1986.[14][15]

Newspaper

The local paper, the Chester County Independent, is based in Henderson.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1880493
18901,069116.8%
19101,087
19201,1818.6%
19301,50327.3%
19401,77117.8%
19502,53243.0%
19602,6916.3%
19703,58133.1%
19804,44924.2%
19904,7607.0%
20005,67019.1%
20106,30911.3%
20206,3080.0%
Sources:[16][17][2]

2020 census

Henderson racial composition[18]
Race Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 68.6%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 22.2%
Native American 0%
Asian 1.2%
Other/Mixed 3.9%
Hispanic or Latino 6%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 6,308 people, 1,992 households, and 1,261 families residing in the city.

2000 census

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 5,670 people, 1,896 households, and 1,270 families residing in the city. The population density was 991.6 inhabitants per square mile (382.9/km2). There were 2,072 housing units at an average density of 362.4 per square mile (139.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 80.09% White, 17.87% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.37% from other races, and 1.18% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.52% of the population.

There were 1,896 households, out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 16.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 21.5% under the age of 18, 25.2% from 18 to 24, 22.5% from 25 to 44, 16.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,648, and the median income for a family was $40,907. Males had a median income of $32,215 versus $22,258 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,735. About 15.4% of families and 19.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.6% of those under age 18 and 20.1% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Chester County Courthouse, 2003

Henderson is part of the Chester County School District and home to Chester County High School. It is also the home of Freed-Hardeman University.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Census Population API". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Henderson city, Tennessee". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 6, 2015.
  7. ^ a b History of Tennessee from the Earliest Time to the Present. Southern Historical Press. 1886. p. 809. ISBN 978-0-893080976.
  8. ^ Chester County Tennessee. Turner Publishing Company. 1995. p. 12. ISBN 1-56311-195-0.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  10. ^ "Home". Henderson Arts Commission. Retrieved May 20, 2020.
  11. ^ "Friends of Gene Record Park". FaceBook. Retrieved May 20, 2020.
  12. ^ Morris, Kevin (January 22, 2020). "Coming Soon: Splash Pad is Coming to Gene Record Memorial Park". Chester County Independent.
  13. ^ "Events". Chester County Chamber of Commerce.
  14. ^ a b "History". Chester County Chamber of Commerce.
  15. ^ "1986 Festival of American Folklife" (PDF). Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage. 2017.
  16. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
  17. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 (PEPANNRES): Incorporated Places in Tennessee". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 11, 2013.
  18. ^ "Explore Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 8, 2021.