Braughing
Ford at Braughing (geograph 3447253).jpg

The ford across the River Quin in the village
Braughing is located in Hertfordshire
Braughing
Braughing
Location within Hertfordshire
Population1,203 (2011 Census)
Civil parish
  • Braughing
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWare
Postcode districtSG11
PoliceHertfordshire
FireHertfordshire
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Hertfordshire
51°54′N 00°02′E / 51.900°N 0.033°E / 51.900; 0.033

Braughing /ˈbræfɪŋ/ is a village and civil parish, between the rivers Quin and Rib, in the non-metropolitan district of East Hertfordshire, part of the English county of Hertfordshire. Braughing gave its name to a county division in Hertfordshire, known as a "hundred". This was a rural district from 1935 to 1974.[1] The population at the 2011 Census was 1,203.[2] This includes Bozen Green, Braughing Friars and Brent Pelham.

St Mary, Braughing, a Grade I listed building.[3]
St Mary, Braughing, a Grade I listed building.[3]

History

Prehistory

There is some evidence of human activity in the Mesolithic, Neolithic and Bronze Age, but settled habitation began in the Iron Age, around the 3rd century BC. It was possibly a trading post, situated on the navigable extreme of the Rib, providing a route to the larger River Lea. In the late Iron Age (100BC - 43AD) it was the site of the largest 'Celtic' mint discovered in Europe.[4]

Roman times

Main article: Braughing Roman Town

There were significant Iron Age and Roman settlements at Wickham Hill, near Braughing. This is situated at the junction of several major Roman roads, including Ermine Street (now the A10), Stane Street (now the A120) and the Great Chesterford Road. This covers at least 36 hectares.

When the River Rib is in full flood, bricks, tiles and other more interesting artefacts from the Roman settlement are washed onto its banks.[5][6]

Saxon times

After the Roman period it was settled by the Anglo-Saxons: the earliest form of the name Braughing is Breahinga, Old English for the people of Breahha, who was probably a local leader. It is mentioned in the Domesday Book (1086) at Brachinges.

Gatesbury

Little remains of this hamlet, which lies to the east of the B1368 close to the Puckeridge junction. Originally part of Westmill parish, Gatesbury is now within the parish of Braughing. Its name originates from the Gatesbury family, who held the manor from the late 12th century up to the 15th century, when it was passed to the FitzHerberts.

Customs

Old Man's Day

On 2nd October 1571,[7] as the funeral bell was being tolled, the coffin of a local farmer, Matthew Wall, was being carried down Fleece Lane towards the Parish Church of St Mary the Virgin.

Wall's fiancée and other mourners were deeply distressed. As they made their way to the funeral service, one of pallbearers slipped on the damp autumn leaves and they dropped the coffin - waking the young man. Confused and wondering where on earth he was, he began frantically hitting the inside of the wooden case with his fist. The mourners removed the lid and were overjoyed to find him alive.[8]

Matthew had probably been in a coma after suffering from what is believed to be a form of epilepsy.[9] A year later, he married his fiancée; he lived many more years and had two sons. When he did die in 1595,[10] his will made financial provision for Fleece Lane to be swept each year, after which the funeral bell, and then a wedding peal, were to be rung. The money, invested in 'Braughing Parish Charities' also paid for his grave to be pegged with brambles to prevent grazing sheep from damaging it.[11]

The 2nd October is still known as 'Old Man's Day'. The tradition continues and schoolchildren now sweep the leaves from the lane, the bells are rung, and a short service is held at Matthew Wall's graveside.[12]

Sausages

The Braughing Pork Sausage was first made in 1954 by Douglas White and his wife Anna. The recipe remained the same until the company was sold to Musk's of Newmarket.[13] Local sausages are served in the village's pubs.[14]

Wheelbarrow race

On the second weekend of July the Braughing Wheelbarrow race takes place. This event started in 1964 with teams of two pushing a wheelbarrow round a 400 metre course through the village streets, starting and finishing in the village ford.[15]

Transport

Braughing Station in 1961
Braughing Station in 1961

There was a station on the ex-Great Eastern Railway St Margaret's - Buntingford branch which closed in 1964. The station featured in the comedy film Happy Ever After which starred David Niven and George Cole in 1953. The location was temporarily renamed Rathbarney, an Irish hamlet.

Famous residents

See also

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-13.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) A Vision of Britain through time. URL accessed 8 March 2008
  2. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
  3. ^ "Parish Church of St Mary the Virgin (Church of England),".
  4. ^ M. Landon, forthcoming, 'Making a Mint: comparative studies in British coin mould', publ. Archaeopress
  5. ^ [1][permanent dead link] Francis Frith Photographic website. URL accessed 8 March 2008.
  6. ^ [Dr Isobel Thompson,2002,Braughing Extensive Urban Survey, publ. Hertfordshire County Council]
  7. ^ The dates of Matthew Wall's "funerals" are recorded on a tapestry on a wall in the parish church.
  8. ^ Jones-Baker, Doris (1987). Tales of Old Hertfordshire. Newbury , Berkshire: Countryside books. pp. 51–55. ISBN 9781846742699.
  9. ^ "Back From the Dead: 8 Unbelievable Resurrections From History". HistoryCollection.co. 28 August 2017. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  10. ^ "Back From the Dead: 8 Unbelievable Resurrections From History". HistoryCollection.co. 28 August 2017. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  11. ^ "Old Man's Day - a Famous Braughing Tradition". Herts Memories. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  12. ^ Additional information on this item was given to me by a former churchwarden of Braughing parish, Owen Spencer-Thomas, 1964-1970.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-01.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) The recipe is now owned by Musk's, producer of Newmarket sausages. Braughing Sausage Company website accessed 1 October 2010.
  14. ^ [2] Review of a local pub on Yelp
  15. ^ "Braughing Wheelbarrow Race". www.braughingwheelbarrowrace.com. Retrieved 18 September 2020.

Coordinates: 51°54′N 00°02′E / 51.900°N 0.033°E / 51.900; 0.033