|Motto||Creating A Safer Hertfordshire|
|Annual budget||£171.4 million|
|Operations jurisdiction||Hertfordshire, England, UK|
|Map of police area|
|Legal jurisdiction||England & Wales|
|Headquarters||Welwyn Garden City|
|Constables||1,953 (of which 410 are special constables)|
|Police Community Support Officers||246|
|Police and Crime Commissioner responsible|
Hertfordshire Constabulary is the territorial police force responsible for policing the county of Hertfordshire in England. Its headquarters is in Welwyn Garden City. The current chief constable is Charlie Hall. As of March 2019, the force consists of over 1,900 police officers, 235 PCSOs, over 1500 police staff, as well as being supported by more than 410 special constables.
The constabulary was founded in 1841, under the County Police Act, five years after the Hertford Borough Police and St Albans Borough Police had been formed. In 1889, the Hertford Borough Police force was merged into Hertfordshire.
The first constables were working-class men and were paid at the level of an agricultural labourer. In Victorian times, officers were entitled to only one rest day in every four to six weeks and were entitled to only one week's unpaid annual leave a year. A ten-hour working day was the norm and no meal breaks were allowed. There were strict constraints on an officer's private life too. For example, officers reportedly could not leave their homes without permission and could only go out with their wives so long as they were not absent for more than two hours and someone was home to take messages.
St Albans Constabulary remained independent until 1947, then being absorbed into the Hertfordshire Constabulary. Finally, it was in 2000 that the current force boundaries came into place with the addition of Hertsmere and Broxbourne, transferred from the Metropolitan Police.
In 2006, proposals were made by Charles Clarke, the then Home Secretary, that would see the force merge with neighbour forces Bedfordshire Police and Essex Police to form a new strategic police force. However, in July 2006, the then Prime Minister Tony Blair signalled that police force mergers would not be forced through by the central government. However, with the economic recession beginning in 2008 the force began working on collaboration with neighbouring forces. First joining with Bedfordshire Police and then Cambridgeshire Constabulary in a strategic alliance, the three forces formed joint units in counter terrorism, major crime, dogs, firearms, SOCO, roads policing, operation planning, civil contingencies, ICT and professional standards. Working collaboratively in this way protected local policing by local officers, but enabled specialist units to work across, and be paid for by, all three forces.
Further collaborative work is underway with call handling, control and dispatch, human resources and some 'back-office' functions being examined for merging. For the foreseeable future, the Constabulary looks likely to remain an independent force. Ultimately, the decision for any full merger of the three forces will be in the hands of the Police and Crime Commissioners, and thereby in turn, the public themselves.
The Police Roll of Honour Trust and Police Memorial Trust list and commemorate all British police officers killed in the line of duty. Since its establishment in 1984, the Police Memorial Trust has erected 50 memorials nationally to some of those officers. Since 1950, the following officers of Hertfordshire Constabulary are listed by the Trust as having been killed in the line of duty:
|Rank||Name||Age||Year of death||Circumstances|
|PC||Frank Edwin Hulme||31||1958||Collapsed and died after a violent arrest.|
|PC||Arthur William Burch||38||1960||Killed when the patrol car he was in collided with a tanker, whilst engaged in the pursuit of a speeding car. Killed alongside PC Silcock.|
|PC||Anthony Richard Silcock||25||1960||Killed when the patrol car he was in collided with a tanker, whilst engaged in the pursuit of a speeding car. Killed alongside PC Burch.|
|WPC||Mandy Dawn Rayner||18||1982||Fatally injured when her stationary vehicle was rammed during a police pursuit.|
|PC||Francis John Mason||27||1988||Shot dead when, despite being off duty, he intervened in an armed robbery. Posthumously awarded the Queen's Gallantry Medal.|
|WPC||Jacqueline Ann Brown||23||1989||Fatally injured in a patrol car crash during a prisoner escort at Harpenden.|
|PC||Ronald Raymond Hull||35||1989||Killed assisting at an accident in thick fog when struck by a speeding car.|
|PC||Kevin John Church||46||2005||Killed in a motorcycle accident while on a plain clothes policing operation.|
Local policing is overseen by the Local Policing Command, headed by a chief superintendent. The county is sub-divided into ten divisions, also known as Community Safety Partnerships (CSP), which broadly correspond to the local Borough and Council areas. The ten CSPs, each headed by a chief inspector are: Watford, Three Rivers, Dacorum, Welwyn and Hatfield, St Albans, Hertsmere, East Herts, Broxbourne, Stevenage and North Herts. Each CSP has:
Local policing is supplemented by an array of specialist units, some of which are collaborated with Bedfordshire and Cambridgeshire. These include:
Notable major incidents and investigations in which Hertfordshire Constabulary have directed or been involved include:
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