Dacorum
Borough of Dacorum
Dacorum shown within Hertfordshire
Dacorum shown within Hertfordshire
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionEast of England
Administrative countyHertfordshire
Founded1974
Admin. HQHemel Hempstead
Government
 • TypeNon-metropolitan district
 • BodyDacorum Borough Council
 • Leadership:Leader & Cabinet
 • MayorJohn Birnie
 • LeaderAndrew Williams
 • MPs:Gagan Mohindra
Mike Penning
Area
 • Total82.0 sq mi (212.5 km2)
 • Rank156th
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)
 • Total154,763
 • RankRanked 128th
 • Density1,900/sq mi (730/km2)
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
Postcode
ONS code26UC (ONS)
E07000096 (GSS)
Ethnicity93.1% White
3.2% South Asian
1.4% Black
1.5% Mixed
Websitedacorum.gov.uk

The Borough of Dacorum is a local government district in Hertfordshire, England that includes the towns of Hemel Hempstead, Berkhamsted, Tring and Kings Langley. The district, which was formed in 1974, had a population of 137,799 in 2001.[1] Its name was taken from the old hundred of Dacorum which covered approximately the same area. It is the westernmost of Hertfordshire's districts, being bordered to the west by the Chiltern and Aylesbury Vale districts of Buckinghamshire.

History

The name Dacorum comes from Latin and it means "of the Dacians"[2] (with a "hundred" implied). The latter word was used mistakenly in the Middle Ages for 'Danes'. This happened because of a legend asserting that certain tribes from Dacia had migrated to Denmark.[3] The hundred of Dacorum was first recorded in 1196, although it has existed since the 9th and 10th centuries, when it lay near the southern boundary of the Danelaw, on the River Lea. In 1086, the Domesday Book records the hundreds of Tring and Danais in places that became parts of the hundred of Dacorum.

In 1974, the modern district of Dacorum was formed under the Local Government Act 1972. Major components were the municipal borough of Hemel Hempstead, the urban districts of Berkhamsted and Tring, the rural districts of Berkhamsted and Hemel Hempstead and those parts of the rural districts of St Albans and Watford which were within the designated area of Hemel Hempstead new town.

The district was granted borough status in 1984. Hemel Hempstead had maintained Charter Trustees from 1974 to 1984. The amalgamation of the former local authorities was symbolised in the seven oak leaves which surround a tudor rose on the Dacorum coat of arms.[4]

Main settlements

The main towns and villages of the borough are:

Aldbury, Bovingdon, Berkhamsted, Bourne End, Bulbourne, Chipperfield, Cow Roast, Dudswell, Flamstead, Flaunden, Frithsden, Gaddesden Row, Great Gaddesden, Hemel Hempstead, Kings Langley, Little Gaddesden, Little Tring, Long Marston, Markyate, Nettleden, New Mill, Northchurch, Potten End, Ringshall, Tring, Tringford, Water End, Wigginton and Wilstone

The borough is entirely parished, apart from Hemel Hempstead.

Political representation

See also: Dacorum local elections

Dacorum Borough Council
Logo
Type
Type
Leadership
John Birnie, Conservative
since 11 May 2022
Leader
Andrew Williams, Conservative
since 1999
Structure
Seats51 Councillors
Svgfiles 2022-01-10-18-51-10-769085-10910546773969901269
Political groups
Administration
  Conservative (31)
Other parties
  Liberal Democrat (19)
  Independent (1)
Elections
Plurality voting system
Last election
2 May 2019
Meeting place
The Forum, Dacorum Borough Council.jpg
The Forum, Marlowes, Hemel Hempstead, Herts, HP1 1DN
Website
http://www.dacorum.gov.uk/

Dacorum Borough Council consists of 51 elected members, representing twenty-five electoral wards. 14 of the wards elect two councillors each. Six, indicated below, elect three councillors each. Five, also shown below, elect one each.[5]

The council is currently controlled by the Conservatives, who hold 31 of the 51 seats. The Liberal Democrats hold 19, and 1 seat is held by an independent.[6]

Composition

Party Councillors Change
Conservative 31 -15
Liberal Democrats 19 +16
Independent 1 +1
Labour 0 -2
Total 51
Source: [1]

Wards

Dacorum consists of twenty-five wards. Wards electing three members are denoted with an asterisk (*). Those electing one member are denoted with an obelus (†).

Political control

Party in control Years
Labour 1973–1976
Conservative 1976–1995
Labour 1995–1999
No overall control 1999–2003
Conservative 2003–present

Premises

From its creation, the council was based at Dacorum Civic Centre on Marlowes in Hemel Hempstead. This building had previously been called Hemel Hempstead Town Hall, having been built for Hemel Hempstead Borough Council in 1966 to replace the Old Town Hall on High Street. On 16 January 2017 the council opened its new headquarters at The Forum, on the corner of Marlowes and Combe Street, immediately south of the Civic Centre, which was demolished shortly afterwards.[7]

Arms

Coat of arms of Dacorum
Notes
Granted 21 January 1992.
Crest
A sprig of seven oak leaves Proper and acorns Or inflected to the sinister out of a mural crown Or.
Escutcheon
Or seven oak leaves stalks inward Vert radiating from a Tudor rose Proper.
Supporters
Two stags in trian aspect Proper attired and unguled Or gorged with a wreath Or and Gules ribbons flowing outward depending therefrom a bezant charged with oak leaves and a Tudor rose as in the Arms standing on a compartment Vert strewn with sprigs of oak leaves Proper and acorns Or.[8]

Town twinning

Two of the civil parishes in the borough also maintain their own separate twinning arrangements:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Page 3559". Archived from the original on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 13 April 2009.
  2. ^ Latin Dictionary, accessed 10 August 2022
  3. ^ Tom Williamson, 2010. The Origins of Hertfordshire. Hertfordshire Publications: Hertfordshire
  4. ^ "About Dacorum". Archived from the original on 18 December 2008. Retrieved 13 April 2009.
  5. ^ "Articles of the Constitution" (PDF). Dacorum Borough Council. Retrieved 4 December 2020.
  6. ^ "Dacorum Borough Council". BBC.
  7. ^ "New £15m home for Dacorum Borough Council and library officially opens in Hemel Hempstead". Hemel Today. 16 January 2017. Retrieved 25 December 2021.
  8. ^ "East of England Region". Civic Heraldry of England. Retrieved 8 March 2021.

Sources

Coordinates: 51°46′N 00°32′W / 51.767°N 0.533°W / 51.767; -0.533