|Population||12,562 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference||TQ075955|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||East of England|
Croxley Green is both a village and a suburb of Rickmansworth in Hertfordshire, England. It is also a civil parish. Located on the A412 between Watford to the northeast and Rickmansworth to the southwest, it is approximately 20 miles (32 km) northwest of central London.
Croxley Green has changed considerably in the years since John Dickinson built paper mills in the area. The area has grown into a semi-urban community, thanks to Croxley tube station on the Metropolitan line providing connections to London's West End at Baker Street and stations through to the City at Aldgate.
The population at the 2011 Census was 12,562. Croxley Green is a part of the UK Parliament constituency, South West Hertfordshire. Gagan Mohindra is the Member of Parliament since the December 2019 United Kingdom general election.
Croxley Green has a large village green. The Croxley Green Windmill was built c. 1860 and survives today converted to residential accommodation.
The Green holds an annual village fair, the "Revels on The Green", which includes a traditional maypole dance. The revels were featured in Metro-land, the 1973 television documentary by John Betjeman, who referred to them as a tradition dating back to 1952. Since 2006, the Parish Council has organised a firework display on The Green for New Year's Eve.
In 1830, John Dickinson built Croxley Mill adjacent to the Grand Junction Canal, since 1929 part of the Grand Union Canal. John Dickinson Stationery produced Croxley Script. Dickinson Square and Dickinson Avenue are named after the paper mill owner and contain houses built by the company for their workers at the end of the 19th century. The mill closed in 1980.
Croxley Green was historically part of the parish of Rickmansworth, which was included in the Watford Poor Law Union from 1835. When sanitary districts were created in 1872, the parish of Rickmansworth, including Croxley Green, therefore became part of the Watford Rural Sanitary District, which in turn became Watford Rural District in 1894.
Rickmansworth Urban District was created on 15 April 1898, with Croxley Green being part of Rickmansworth Urban District until its abolition when Three Rivers District was created on 1 April 1974. The former Rickmansworth Urban District then became an unparished area, governed directly by Three Rivers District Council. The civil parish of Croxley Green was created on 1 April 1986, covering the eastern part of the former Rickmansworth Urban District and an adjoining area transferred from the parish of Sarratt.
Croxley Common Moor to the south of the village, OS grid reference TQ083949, is a 39.5-hectare (98-acre) biological Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) and Local Nature Reserve. In 2008 a group of residents were successful in gaining village green status for Buddleia Wood, a small area of woodland to the south of the village, thereby protecting the area for generations to come. The village signs were replaced in February 2008 with a scene of All Saints Church and The Green.
Train services are provided from Croxley station on the Watford branch of the London Underground Metropolitan line, providing connections to London's West End at Baker Street and stations through to the City at Aldgate. The journey is between 40 and 45 minutes to Baker Street, and 60 minutes to the terminus at Aldgate.
There was previously a Croxley Green railway station which was the terminus for a branch line from Watford that even featured a small goods yard. The goods yard was lost to housing after closing in 1966, with the line itself closing to passengers 30 years later in 1996. The track bed of the former line was going to be reused as part of the Croxley Rail Link plans to divert the Metropolitan Line to Watford Junction, but these plans were shelved by London Mayor Sadiq Khan.
Croxley Green has a Residents Association and a Parish Council. There are local organisations dedicated to pastimes and leisure. The Croxley Green Society runs the "Revels", an event hosted on The Green in June/July every year. There are varying clubs including the camera, needlecraft, wine, vineyard, bicycle, jazz, and folk. Additionally there is an annual free of charge festival, called 'CroxFest', which takes place on The Green in September.
York House School is an independent preparatory day school for girls and boys aged from 3 to 13 years of age, located on Sarratt Road near Croxley Green in Redhead, an eighteenth-century mansion. The current features date variously from 1712, 1743 and 1866.
The school was founded in Hampstead in 1910 by Rev. Cambridge Victor Hawkins. It relocated to Rickmansworth in the late 1940s, then moved again to its current location in 1966. The school motto is "Aut Viam Inveniam Aut Faciam", which is Latin for "Either I shall find a way or I shall make one". The school's alumni are referred to as Old Yorkists.
REDHEATH is an estate about four miles north-west of Watford, on the borders of the parish of Rickmansworth, consisting partly of freehold and partly of copyhold land held of the manors of Croxley Hall and Cassio. It was occupied by the Baldwins in the early part of the sixteenth century and remained with owners of that name till 1709 when Thomas son of Henry Baldwin died without issue and was succeeded by his nephew Charles, son of Charles Finch and Mary sister of Thomas Baldwin. Charles Finch died without issue in 1718 and was succeeded by his brother John, from whom the estate descended in a direct line to Henry Baldwin Finch, the present owner. The Baldwin family appear to have built a house here, but all of that building has disappeared. In 1712 Charles Finch added a new front to the house, and that date appears on it. Further additions were made in 1866 by Henry Charles Finch. The front part is the only old portion remaining. The house is a three-storied building of brick, the roof being surmounted by a large square wooden clock turret, with an open octagonal cupola on the top. The clock in the tower bears the inscription GEORGE CLARKE, WHITE-CHAPPLE, 1743. There are moulded brick cornices over the first-floor windows, and the entrance door, which is in the centre of the front, has a fine semicircular projecting wooden hood, supported on richly-carved brackets. There is a very fine avenue of beech trees, stretching from the back of the house to Chandler's Cross.