Brown-tailed mongoose
Black-and-white image of a mongoose-like animal on a rock
Plate of Galidia olivacea, a synonym of the brown-tailed mongoose, from 1839. The tail is incomplete.[1]
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Eupleridae
Genus: Salanoia
S. concolor
Binomial name
Salanoia concolor
Brown-tailed mongoose range

The brown-tailed mongoose, brown-tailed vontsira, Malagasy brown-tailed mongoose, or salano (Salanoia concolor) is a species of mammal in the family Eupleridae. It is endemic to Madagascar. Its natural habitat is moist lowland tropical forest. It is threatened by habitat loss.[2]


The brown-tailed mongoose was first described in 1837 by French zoologist Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire under the names Galidia unicolor and Galidia olivacea. He placed both in the genus Galidia, together with the ring-tailed mongoose (Galidia elegans),[3] which is now recognized as the only species of that genus.[4] However, the name unicolor had been a misprint for concolor, and the name was corrected in an erratum and in a later note by Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire.[5] In 1865,[Note 1] John Edward Gray placed concolor and olivacea in their own subgenus of Galidia, which he called Salanoia.[7] In 1882, St. George Jackson Mivart also separated olivacea and concolor from Galidia, and placed them in a separate genus Hemigalidia, without mentioning Salanoia.[8] In his 1904 Index generum mammalium, Palmer noted that Salanoia, the first name to be published, was the proper name for the genus.[9] Although Glover Morrill Allen, in 1939, still listed two species, which he called Salanoia olivacea and S. unicolor,[10] by 1972 R. Albignac recognized a single species only, which he called Salanoia concolor.[11] A second species of Salanoia, Salanoia durrelli, was described in 2010.[12]


  1. ^ The description appeared in the Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London for 1864, but the Proceedings often did not appear in the year they were for, and Salanoia was published in May 1865.[6]


  1. ^ Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1839; cf. Garbutt, 2007, pp. 219–220
  2. ^ a b Hawkins, 2016
  3. ^ Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1837, p. 581
  4. ^ Wozencraft, 2005, pp. 560–561
  5. ^ Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1839, p. 37
  6. ^ Allen, 1939, p. 227; Wozencraft, 2005, p. 561
  7. ^ Gray, 1865, p. 523; Allen, 1939, p. 226
  8. ^ Mivart, 1882, p. 188
  9. ^ Palmer, 1904, pp. 317, 617
  10. ^ Allen, 1939, p. 228
  11. ^ Albignac, 1972, p. 677
  12. ^ Durbin et al., 2010

Literature cited