Europe holds the greatest concentration of abolitionist states (blue). Map current as of 2022
  Abolished for all offences
  Abolished in practice
  Retains capital punishment

Capital punishment in Slovakia (Slovak: Trest smrti) was abolished in 1990 and the most severe punishment permissible by law is life imprisonment. Before that, capital punishment was common in Czechoslovakia, the Slovak State, Austria-Hungary, the Kingdom of Hungary and probably all previous political entities that existed in the area of today's Slovakia. Since 1989, no one has been executed in Slovakia save for a few controversial political killings by the Slovak Secret Service in the 1990s.[1][2] Since then, there have been no reports of the government or its agents committing arbitrary or unlawful killings.[3]

The last person executed in Slovakia remains Štefan Svitek (28) from Podbrezová who killed his wife and two daughters with an axe in 1987 and was executed on June 8, 1989 in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia (at that time).[4]

Public opinion

A 2005 poll carried out by the MVK agency for the SME daily showed that 61.7 percent of respondents were in favour of reintroducing capital punishment.[5]


  1. ^ a.s, Petit Press (1999-03-01). "Remiaš killing linked to Slovak secret service". Retrieved 2019-06-19.
  2. ^ a.s, Petit Press. "Mafia na Slovensku - Jozef Roháč alias Potkan". (in Slovak). Retrieved 2019-06-19.
  3. ^ Department Of State. The Office of Electronic Information, Bureau of Public Affairs (2007-03-06). "Slovak Republic". Retrieved 2019-06-19.
  4. ^ "Ako tieň šibenice prestal dopadať na Slovensko". (in Slovak). 2010-02-28. Retrieved 2019-06-19.
  5. ^ "Slovaks favour death penalty". 8 August 2005.

See also