Capital punishment is no longer applied in San Marino: the last execution was carried out in 1468[1][2] or in 1667,[3] by hanging.

San Marino is one of only two countries in the world to have ceased carrying out executions prior to 1800 (the other is Liechtenstein, where the last execution took place in 1785).[4]

San Marino was the first country in the world to abolish the death penalty for ordinary crimes, in 1848. In 1865, it became the second country in the world (and the first in Europe) to abolish the death penalty for all crimes, following Venezuela in 1863.[5] It is one of only three countries to have abolished the death penalty for all crimes before 1900 (the third one being Costa Rica).[6][7]

In 1989, it formally ratified Protocol 6 to the European Convention on Human Rights, which requires the complete abolition of the death penalty in peacetime.[8]


  1. ^ Death Penalty Archived August 23, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Belgorod State University
  2. ^ "The end of capital punishment in Europe", Capital Punishment UK
  3. ^ "1865. San Marino decide la completa abolizione della pena di morte". (in Italian). 10 October 2010. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
  4. ^ "Death Penalty Statistics 2006", Amnesty International
  5. ^ Determinants of the death penalty: a comparative study of the world, Carsten Anckar, Routledge, 2004, ISBN 0-415-33398-9, p.17
  6. ^ Death Penalty: Beyond Abolition, Council of Europe, 2004, ISBN 92-871-5332-9, p.32
  7. ^ "THE DEATH PENALTY: ABOLITION GAINS GROUND" Archived March 7, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, Martine Jacot, UNESCO Courier, October 1999
  8. ^ "The end of capital punishment in Europe", Capital Punishment UK