Capital punishment in Turkmenistan was originally allowed by Article 20 of the 1992 Constitution, where it was described as "an exceptional punishment for the heaviest of crimes".[1] In December 1999, a presidential decree abolished capital punishment "forever".[2]

The article 20 of the 2003 Constitution read: "The death penalty in Turkmenistan is completely abolished and banned forever by the first President of Turkmenistan Great Saparmurat Türkmenbaşy".[3]

Turkmenistan is a member of the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty.[4] The death penalty was replaced with life imprisonment.


  1. ^ 1992 Constitution of Turkmenistan, unofficial English translation, University of Texas at Arlington, URL accessed 27 December 2006
  2. ^ Abolition of capital punishment in Turkmenistan Archived 2016-11-26 at the Wayback Machine, Presidential Decree 3003, 28 December 1999 (in Russian)
  3. ^ "Госсимволика - «Туркменистан: золотой век»". Archived from the original on 20 October 2007. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  4. ^ Ratification of Second Optional Protocol on abolition of death penalty