|Highest governing body||International Casting Sport Federation|
|First contested||England and United States, late 19th century|
|Country or region||Worldwide|
|World Games||1981, 1985, 1993 – 2005|
In angling, casting is the act of the angler throwing the bait and hook (or a lure) out over the water, typically by slinging a fishing line manipulated by a long, elastic fishing rod. The term itself may also be used for setting out a net.
The usual technique is to quickly flick/swing the rod forward towards the water, with the inertia of the terminal tackles lagging and bending the rod backward (i.e. "loading" the rod), and then use the "springing" (elastic rebound) of the rod to "whip" and rapidly sling the line forward, which in turn will hurl out the hook.
There are several methods anglers use to attempt to cast farther, the most prominent of which is the shifting of body weight towards the front foot in synchrony to the forward swinging of the rod. That combined with using a longer rod, stopping the rod swing at 45 degrees, and using correctly weighted and more aerodynamic terminal tackles, will help anglers cast farther.
Casting techniques vary with the type of fishing involved.
Fly fishermen use artificial flies as a lure and use lighter rods and lines. They develop much finesse casting the flies, using motions of the hand and arm, so the flies land with great accuracy into or onto the water and mimic the behaviour of real flies.
Salt water anglers usually use heavier rods and lines They often use lures and bait which are heavier than flies. Heavier again are the rods and lines used in surfcasting. Specialized, two-handed casting techniques are used to cast the lure or bait the added distances required in many cases to reach feeding inshore fish. In these casts the entire body, rather than just the arms, are utilized to deliver the cast, which may travel many hundreds of feet. Different casting techniques are used by different anglers and each technique is named uniquely like sidearm flick cast, drop cast, and overhead cast each with a different style followed. in sidearm flick, first the targeted area is pointed, and then the rod is swung first back and then forward quickly after that line is released to the targetted area. The same process is repeated until the fish is trapped. Whereas drop-casting is all about fast sinking. one has to release finger grip on the line and drop the cast with full force, one must bring the rod high before releasing the line. And when it comes to the overhead casting, its all about casting line as far as you can. Basically, the rod is raised high enough obviously a long-length rod is used here, and the line is thrown far at the targeted point. With little one can perform different casting techniques very well.
See also: Fly casting
Casting (known as Casting Sport) is also a sport adjunct to fishing, much as shooting is to hunting. The sport is supervised by the International Casting Sport Federation (ICSF) which was founded in 1955 and as of April 2014 has member associations in 31 countries.
The ICSF sponsors tournaments and recognizes world records for accuracy and distance. This sport uses plastic weights or hookless flies, and can be held on water or on athletic fields. There are competitive divisions for almost all types of fly, fixed spool and revolving spool tackle, and competitor classes. It has been included in the World Games (see photo) and has been considered for the Olympics.
The American Casting Association held its 100th Annual Casting Championships in 2008 at the Golden Gate Angling & Casting Club.