Constitution of Morocco
The 2011 Moroccan constitution (in French, .pdf file)
Jurisdiction Morocco
CreatedJune 17, 2011
PresentedJuly 1, 2011
Date effectiveJuly 30, 2011
Head of stateMohammed VI

The Constitution of Morocco is the supreme law of the Kingdom of Morocco.[1] The constitution defines Morocco as a constitutional monarchy and lays out the fundamental rights of Moroccan citizens, it also defines the basis and structures of government, the council of ministers, and the parliament.[2]

The first Constitution of Morocco was adopted in 1962, 6 years after the country regained independence. From and following that event, the King, Mohamed V, worked for the establishment of political and constitutional institutions. The National Advisory Council originally created the legislation text governing public freedoms and freedom of expression, known as the Dahir, which was enacted on November 15, 1959. In 1960, the Constitutional Council was established, and the first Constitution was proposed on November 18, 1962. This draft was ratified through a referendum on December 7, 1962, and was finally promulgated one week later, on December 14.

2011 referendum

A 2011 Moroccan constitutional referendum was held in Morocco on 1 July 2011. It was called in response to the protests that took place earlier in the year demanding democratic reforms. A commission was to draft proposals by June 2011.[3] A draft released on 17 June foresaw the following changes:[4][5][6]

The changes were reportedly approved by 98.49% of voters.[7] Despite protest movements calling for a boycott of the referendum, government officials claimed turnout was 72.65%.[7][8]

Following the referendum, early parliamentary elections were then held on 25 November 2011.

Results of 2011 referendum

Moroccan constitutional referendum, 2011[9]
Choice Votes %
Referendum passed Yes 9,653,492 98.50
No 146,718 1.50
Valid votes 9,800,210 99.17
Invalid or blank votes 81,712 0.83
Total votes 9,881,922 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 13,451,404 73.46

See also


  1. ^ Article 1 of the Constitution of Morocco (2011)
  2. ^ "Constitutional history of Morocco". ConstitutionNet. Retrieved 2022-03-29.
  3. ^ Morocco to vote on new constitution AFP, 9 March 2011
  4. ^ König will Teil seiner Macht abgeben Der Standard, 18 June 2011 (in German)
  5. ^ Moroccan Islamists 'could reject constitution' AFP, 13 June 2011
  6. ^ Morocco king to lose some powers, remain key figure[permanent dead link] Vancouver Sun, 17 June 2011
  7. ^ a b Morocco approves King Mohammed's constitutional reforms BBC, 2 July 2011
  8. ^ "Moroccans approve new constitution by sweeping majority". Retrieved 21 February 2016.
  9. ^ "Morocco: Referendum Results". Archived from the original on 2011-07-29. Retrieved 2011-07-27.