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Dagobert III
Portrait Roi de france Dagobert II (i.e III).jpg
Imaginary portrait of Dagobert III by Jean Dassier c. 1720
King of the Franks
Reign711–715
PredecessorChildebert III
SuccessorChilperic II (Neustria)
Chlothar IV (Austrasia)
Mayor of the PalacePepin of Herstal
Bornc.699
Died715 (aged 15–16)
IssueTheuderic IV
DynastyMerovingian
FatherChildebert III

Dagobert III (c.699[1]–715) was Merovingian king of the Franks (711–715).

He was a son of Childebert III. He succeeded his father as the head of the three Frankish kingdoms—Neustria and Austrasia, unified since Pippin's victory at Tertry in 687, and the Kingdom of Burgundy—in 711. Real power, however, still remained with the Mayor of the Palace, Pippin of Herstal, who died in 714. Pippin's death occasioned open conflict between his heirs and the Neustrian nobles who elected the mayors of the palace. As for Dagobert himself, the Liber Historiae Francorum reports he died of illness, but otherwise says nothing about his character or actions.[2]

While attention was focused on combatting the Frisians in the north, areas of southern Gaul began to secede during Dagobert's brief time: Savaric, the fighting bishop of Auxerre, in 714 and 715 subjugated Orléans, Nevers, Avallon, and Tonnerre on his own account, and Eudo in Toulouse and Antenor in Provence were essentially independent magnates.[3]

The Vita Dagoberti is a late and unreliable biography of Dagobert III that partially conflates him with Dagobert II.

References

  1. ^ Maréchal 2007, p. 100.
  2. ^ Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores rerum Merovingicarum, vol. II, pp. 324-326
  3. ^ Chronologischer Auszug der Geschichte von Frankreich. 1760. pp. 34–.

Sources

Dagobert III Merovingian DynastyBorn: 699 Died: 715 Preceded byChildebert IV King of the Franks 711–715 Succeeded byChilperic II