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Clovis II
A sou of Clovis II
King of the Franks in Neustria and Burgundy
Reign639–657
PredecessorDagobert I
SuccessorChlothar III
Born633 [1]
Died657 (aged 23–24)
Burial
SpouseBalthild
IssueChlothar III
Childeric II
Theuderic III
DynastyMerovingian
FatherDagobert I
MotherNanthild

Clovis II (633 – 657) was King of the Franks in Neustria and Burgundy, having succeeded his father Dagobert I in 639. His brother Sigebert III had been King of Austrasia since 634. He was initially under the regency of his mother Nanthild until her death in her early thirties in 642. Nanthild's death allowed Clovis to fall under the influence of the secular magnates, who reduced the royal power in their own favour; first Aega and then Erchinoald. The Burgundian mayor of the palace Flaochad used him to lure his rival, Willebad, to a battle in Autun, in which Willebad was killed.

Background

Clovis married Balthild, an Anglo-Saxon sold into slavery in Gaul. She had been owned by the Neustrian mayor of the palace, Erchinoald, but then attracted the interest of the king.[2] They had three sons, who all became kings after his death. The eldest, Chlothar, succeeded him and his second eldest, Childeric, was placed on the Austrasian throne and eventually also succeeded in Neustria. The youngest, Theuderic, succeeded Childeric in Neustria and eventually became the sole king of the Franks.

Clovis was a minor for almost the whole of his reign. He is sometimes regarded as king of Austrasia during the interval 656–57 when Childebert the Adopted usurped the throne. Grimoald the Elder, mayor of the palace of Austrasia, was captured and later executed in Paris by Clovis II, the king of Neustria, in 657. He is often regarded as an early roi fainéant. Belgian historian Henri Pirenne stated that Clovis "died insane."[3]

Clovis II was buried in Saint Denis Basilica, Paris.

References

  1. ^ McConville 2018, p. 362.
  2. ^ "Saint Bathilde". New Advent. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  3. ^ Pirenne, Henri (1939). Mohammad and Charlemagne. London: Routledge. p. 191. ISBN 978-0486420110. Retrieved 8 January 2017.

Works cited

Clovis II Merovingian DynastyBorn: 633 Died: 657 Preceded byDagobert I King of the Franks in Neustria and Burgundy 639–657 Succeeded byChlothar III