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Clovis II
A sou of Clovis II
King of Neustria and Burgundy
Reign639-657
PredecessorDagobert I
SuccessorChlothar III
Born633 [1]
Died657 (aged 23–24)
Burial
SpouseBalthild
IssueChlothar III
Childeric II
Theuderic III
DynastyMerovingian
FatherDagobert I
MotherNanthild

Clovis II (633 – 657) was King of Neustria and Burgundy, having succeeded his father Dagobert I in 639. His brother Sigebert III had been King of Austrasia since 634. He was initially under the regency of his mother Nanthild until her death in her early thirties in 642. Nanthild's death allowed Clovis to fall under the influence of the secular magnates, who reduced the royal power in their own favour; first Aega and then Erchinoald. The Burgundian mayor of the palace Flaochad used him to lure his rival, Willebad, to a battle in Autun, where Willebad was killed.

Clovis' wife, Balthild, whose Anglo-Saxon origins are now considered doubtful, was sold into slavery in Gaul. She had been owned by the Neustrian mayor of the palace, Erchinoald, who gave her to him to garner royal favour.[2] She bore him three sons who all became kings after his death. The eldest, Chlothar, succeeded him and his second eldest, Childeric, was placed on the Austrasian throne by Ebroin while Clovis was still alive. The youngest, Theuderic, succeeded Childeric in Neustria and eventually became the sole king of the Franks.

Clovis was a minor for almost the whole of his reign. He is sometimes regarded as king of Austrasia during the interval 656–57 when Childebert the Adopted had usurped the throne. He is often regarded as an early roi fainéant. Noted Belgian historian Henri Pirenne stated that Clovis "died insane."[3]

Clovis II was buried in Saint Denis Basilica, Paris.

References

  1. ^ McConville 2018, p. 362.
  2. ^ "Saint Bathilde". New Advent. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  3. ^ Pirenne, Henri (1939). Mohammad and Charlemagne. London: Routledge. p. 191. ISBN 978-0486420110. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
Clovis II Merovingian DynastyBorn: 633 Died: 657 Preceded byDagobert I King of Neustria and Burgundy 639–655 Succeeded byChlothar III