Elk Grove, California
City of Elk Grove
Elk Grove Historic District - Sarah Stierch - 2.jpg
OldTownElkGrove.jpg
Sunset Laguna Blvd (cropped).jpg
St Katherine Elk Grove (121652335) (cropped).jpeg
Official seal of Elk Grove, California
Official logo of Elk Grove, California
Motto(s): 
"Proud Heritage, Bright Future"
Location of Elk Grove in Sacramento County, California.
Location of Elk Grove in Sacramento County, California.
Elk Grove, California is located in the United States
Elk Grove, California
Elk Grove, California
Location in the contiguous United States
Coordinates: 38°26′18″N 121°22′55″W / 38.43833°N 121.38194°W / 38.43833; -121.38194Coordinates: 38°26′18″N 121°22′55″W / 38.43833°N 121.38194°W / 38.43833; -121.38194
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountySacramento
DistrictCosumnes CSD[1]
IncorporatedJuly 1, 2000[3]
Government
 • TypeCouncil/Manager[4]
 • MayorBobbie Singh-Allen[5]
 • Vice MayorDarren Suen (appointed by city council and rotated annually)[5]
 • Chief Of PoliceBobby Davis
 • Fire Chief (Cosumnes CSD)Felipe Rodriguez[6]
Area
 • Total42.20 sq mi (109.29 km2)
 • Land42.03 sq mi (108.86 km2)
 • Water0.17 sq mi (0.43 km2)  0.12%
Elevation46 ft (14 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total176,124[2]
 • Rank2nd in Sacramento County
26th in California
147th in the United States
 • Density4,190.44/sq mi (1,617.89/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP codes[9]
95624, 95757–95759
Area code916, 279
FIPS code06-22020
GNIS feature IDs277506, 2410425
Websiteelkgrovecity.org

Elk Grove is a city in Sacramento County, California, located just south of the state capital of Sacramento. It is part of the SacramentoArden-ArcadeRoseville Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2020 Census, the population of the city was 176,124.[10] A 2021 Census estimate puts the population of the city at 178,997.[11] Elk Grove has many wineries, wine cellars, and vineyards.[12] Elk Grove was the fastest-growing city in the U.S. between July 1, 2004, and July 1, 2005, and is also presently the second-largest city in Sacramento County by population.[13]

The City of Elk Grove became the first city in California to be incorporated in the 21st century.[3] It is a general law city with a council/manager form of government.[5] One of Elk Grove's largest employers is the Elk Grove Unified School District, which is the city's second largest employer.

History

Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga entered the region in 1808, naming the valley "Sacramento Valley" in honor of Sacramento, the Holy Sacrament in Spanish, giving the northerly city of Sacramento its name.[14] A writer on Moraga's expedition wrote of the region:

"Canopies of oaks and cottonwoods, many festooned with grapevines, overhung both sides of the blue current. Birds chattered in the trees and big fish darted through the pellucid depths. The air was like champagne, and (the Spaniards) drank deep of it, drank in the beauty around them."[15]

Elk Grove was founded in 1850 as a stage stop for travelers coming from Sacramento and the San Francisco Bay Area, when the Elk Grove Hotel and Stage Stop was opened by James Hall and the town was named after it.[16] In 1868 the Western Division of the Central Pacific Railroad came through about a mile east of Elk Grove. At this new location another hotel was built to accommodate travelers and was named the Elk Grove Hotel.[17]

In the following decades, Elk Grove remained a small farming community with little urban development. In the late 1980s, suburban development projects began to spring up around the community, specifically in the north near Sacramento. These were meant to serve Sacramento's population, as well as San Francisco commuters seeking a commuting community relatively near the San Francisco Bay Area where they could reside. Such changes triggered a period of rapid growth. On July 1, 2000, Elk Grove incorporated as a city. The city's growth peaked in 2004 and 2005, when Elk Grove was declared the fastest growing city in the US.[18]

Apple Inc. manufactured its iMac line in Elk Grove as late as 2002. After many of those tasks were offshored in 2004, the facility was converted into the modern Apple Elk Grove campus.[19] In 2018, Apple invested $4.2 million into expanding the office space, expanding its already established AppleCare support presence in the region.[20]

In 2008, Elk Grove suffered heavily from the subprime mortgage crisis due to its suburban nature.[21]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19602,205
19703,72168.8%
198010,959194.5%
199017,48359.5%
200059,984243.1%
2010153,015155.1%
2020176,12415.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[22][2]

Elk Grove residents boasts the 2nd highest household median income in the Sacramento region at $112,737.[23]

Racial composition 2018[24]
Asian American 41.3%
White 20.8%
Non-Hispanic 18.8%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 20.4%
Black or African American 12.1%
Two or More Races 8.4%

Education

The Elk Grove Unified School District is the fifth largest school district in California and one of the fastest growing school districts in the nation. It also consistently ranks among the top school districts in the state. Located in southern Sacramento County, the district covers 320 square miles (830 km2), one-third of the county. For the 2002–03 school year, the district served more than 52,500 students, and grew to 62,767 students in the 2016–2017 school year. Those students attend 40 elementary schools, 9 middle schools, 9 high schools and 7 alternative high schools.[25]

There are also several private schools in town. A local community college, Cosumnes River College, offers both career training and a transfer program to four-year universities, such as the CSU system and UC system across the state of California. Located nearby are California State University, Sacramento and the University of California, Davis. Elk Grove is also the home of the private six-year Universalist college Quest Seminary.[dubious ][26] In 2013, California Northstate University College of Pharmacy, which offers a Doctor of Pharmacy degree program, relocated to Elk Grove (near Interstate 5).

Climate

Elk Grove is 5 – 10 miles south of the state capital in Sacramento and experiences a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa) with hot summers and cool winters. Summers are moderated by a cool Pacific Ocean breeze also known as the "delta breeze" which comes through the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta from the San Francisco Bay.[27]

Climate data for Elk Grove, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 74
(23)
79
(26)
88
(31)
95
(35)
103
(39)
112
(44)
112
(44)
113
(45)
117
(47)
101
(38)
86
(30)
73
(23)
117
(47)
Average high °F (°C) 56
(13)
61
(16)
66
(19)
72
(22)
80
(27)
88
(31)
93
(34)
92
(33)
88
(31)
78
(26)
64
(18)
56
(13)
75
(24)
Average low °F (°C) 41
(5)
42
(6)
44
(7)
47
(8)
51
(11)
56
(13)
59
(15)
59
(15)
59
(15)
53
(12)
46
(8)
40
(4)
50
(10)
Record low °F (°C) 21
(−6)
23
(−5)
25
(−4)
34
(1)
37
(3)
41
(5)
49
(9)
50
(10)
44
(7)
31
(−1)
24
(−4)
15
(−9)
15
(−9)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.5
(89)
3.38
(86)
2.88
(73)
1.31
(33)
0.65
(17)
0.16
(4.1)
0.05
(1.3)
0.06
(1.5)
0.31
(7.9)
0.92
(23)
2.13
(54)
2.91
(74)
18.59
(472)
Source: [28]

Public libraries

The Elk Grove Public Library is located at 8900 Elk Grove Boulevard in a modern two-story building. It moved to this location in 2008 from its old building one block east. The library is part of the broader Sacramento Public Library system. The Elk Grove Library also serves neighboring communities such as Vineyard, Wilton, Sloughhouse, and Rancho Murieta.[29] Additional local libraries supplement neighborhoods, such as the public Franklin High Library.

Government

Beginning in 2012, voters elect the mayor for a two-year term. Prior to 2012, the mayor's position was a one-year term and was chosen by the city council. The remaining four positions on the city council are elected by districts to four-year terms.[5]

On November 8, 2016, Steve Ly became the second one directly elected mayor following Gary Davis. He is the first ethnic Hmong mayor in the United States, having come here at the age of four with his family as refugees from Laos after the end of the Vietnam War.[30][31] Currently, Bobbie Singh-Allen sits as mayor defeating Ly in the 2020 election following Ly's controversial tenure.[32] The remaining councilmembers are Darren Suen (District 1), Pat Hume (District 2), Kevin Spease (District 3) and Stephanie Nguyen (District 4).[5]

Elk Grove is in California's 7th congressional district, represented by Democrat Ami Bera.[33]

The Cosumnes Community Services District is the largest Community Services District in California and provides parks and recreation services and fire protection services in Elk Grove. Located in southern Sacramento County, the district covers 157 square miles (410 km2).The board of directors is the governing body of the district and is composed of five duly-elected or appointed residents. At the beginning of each year, the board selects from its members a president and vice-president to serve during the ensuing year.[34]

Crime

Elk Grove is generally a very safe city. Crime in Elk Grove is 39% below the California average and 32% below the national average with 44% less violent crime than the U.S. average. While there are no "dangerous" neighborhoods in Elk Grove, the least safe areas of the city are found in the north, near the Sacramento border.

Police services

The Elk Grove Police Department provides policing services for the city.

Police misconduct

In March 2020, an EGPD officer was fired and a sergeant resigned after videos of a police officer kicking a shoplifting suspect in the face were released.[35] The officer, Bryan Wayne Schmidt, was convicted of felony assault by a Sacramento Superior Court on March 14, 2022.[36]

In December 2021, a lawsuit was filed which alleges that Sgt. Gabriel Ramos coerced a single mother into sex, threatening action against her son if she would not comply.[37]

Economy

Employers

Top 12 employers in Elk Grove in 2022[38]
# Employer # of Employees
1 Apple Inc. 5,000
2 Elk Grove Unified School District 3,857
3 CA Correctional Health Care Services 1,437
4 Walmart (3 locations) 569
5 Kaiser Permanente (2 locations) 530
6 Costco Wholesale Corporation 400
7 Raley's/Bel Air Markets 378
8 City of Elk Grove 374
9 Alldata LLC 363
10 Cosumnes Community Services District 318
11 Safeway (2 locations) 252
12 Trader Joe's 100

Infrastructure

Buses

Elk Grove is serviced by a fared bus system called E-tran that traverses many of the city's main routes.[39]

Parks

Cosumnes Community Services District owns and operates over 100 parks in Elk Grove, including Emerald Lakes Golf Course.[40]

Rail

There are plans for SacRT to expand its light rail system two miles south from Cosumnes River College to Elk Grove Boulevard, however these plans for a new light-rail station are currently in the planning phase.[41] Amtrak California San Joaquin intercity rail and Altamont Corridor Express commuter rail were expected to be brought directly to Elk Grove in 2021, on the existing rail line which extends from Marysville in the north to Stockton in the south.[42] However, that project has been delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the ongoing wildfires throughout the state.[43]

For more, see Elk Grove station.

Sister cities

Elk Grove is a sister city of Concepción de Ataco in El Salvador.[44]

Notable people

Main category: People from Elk Grove, California

References

  1. ^ "Cosumnes CSD - Fire, Parks & Recreation Dept - Elk Grove & Galt, CA - Community Services District Home Page". Retrieved February 5, 2015.
  2. ^ a b "QuickFacts Elk Grove city, California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 15, 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ a b "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  4. ^ "City Government". City of Elk Grove. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
  5. ^ a b c d e "City Council". City of Elk Grove. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
  6. ^ Macdonald, Cameron. "Rodriguez becomes Cosumnes fire chief". Elk Grove Citizen.
  7. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  8. ^ "Elk Grove". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved October 12, 2014.
  9. ^ "ZIP Code(tm) Lookup". United States Postal Service. Retrieved December 5, 2014.
  10. ^ "Quick Facts Elk Grove city, California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  11. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Elk Grove city, California". www.census.gov. Retrieved June 16, 2022.
  12. ^ "THE BEST 10 Wineries in Elk Grove, CA - Last Updated February 2021". Yelp. Retrieved February 5, 2021.
  13. ^ "US Census Press Releases". Archived from the original on June 24, 2006. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
  14. ^ "Sacramento, California City History and Historical Figures". ByCityLight.com. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
  15. ^ "Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament - Sacramento, California". Cathedralsacramento.org. November 11, 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2012.
  16. ^ Erwin, Gudde (2004). California Place Names: The origin and etymology of current geographical names. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. p. 121.
  17. ^ "Pleasant Grove Cemetery: Elk Grove's History". Archived from the original on March 12, 2011.
  18. ^ "Sacramento Suburb Tops Fast-Growth List". Los Angeles Times. June 21, 2006. Retrieved June 16, 2022.
  19. ^ Duhigg, Charles; Keith Bradsher (January 21, 2012). "How the U.S. Lost Out on iPhone Work". The New York Times. Retrieved January 24, 2012.
  20. ^ "Apple spends $4.2m on office space to expand Elk Grove presence". AppleInsider. Retrieved June 16, 2022.
  21. ^ "Is America's suburban dream collapsing into a nightmare?". CNN. June 16, 2008. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
  22. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  23. ^ "About Elk Grove". www.elkgrovecity.org. Retrieved June 16, 2022.
  24. ^ "Elk Grove, California Population 2018 (Demographics, Maps, Graphs)". worldpopulationreview.com. Retrieved October 23, 2018.
  25. ^ "Elk Grove Unified Snapshot" (PDF). Elk Grove Unified School District. Retrieved May 19, 2017.
  26. ^ "Quest Seminary". Questseminary.org. Archived from the original on July 26, 2012. Retrieved 2009-11-29.
  27. ^ "Elk Grove climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Elk Grove weather averages - Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org. Retrieved February 5, 2021.
  28. ^ "Zipcode 95624". www.plantmaps.com. Retrieved April 26, 2021.
  29. ^ "Elk Grove Library". Saclibrary.org. Archived from the original on March 22, 2010. Retrieved 2009-11-29.
  30. ^ "Elk Grove's new mayor cheered by Hmong worldwide". sacbee. Retrieved March 1, 2017.
  31. ^ Wang, Frances Kai-Hwa. "For Nation’s First Hmong Mayor, Life Is an 'American Story'", NBC News, December 13, 2016. Accessed March 1, 2017. "Steve Ly will make history this month as the nation's first Hmong-American mayor, though it's a historic moment that he says he acknowledges, but doesn't dwell on.... According to 2010 US Census figures, 26.3 percent of Elk Grove's population is Asian and 1.2 percent Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander alone. Of those, Ly estimates that only about 2,000 to 3,000 voters are Hmong American."
  32. ^ Finch, Michael. "Bobbie Singh Allen announces bid for Elk Grove mayor, challenging embattled incumbent". sacbee.com. Sacramento Bee. Retrieved May 7, 2021.
  33. ^ "California's 7th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
  34. ^ "Cosumnes CSD | Elk Grove & Galt, CA | Official Website". www.yourcsd.com. Retrieved October 23, 2018.
  35. ^ "Elk Grove officer fired, sergeant resigns after video appears to show man kicked in face". YouTube.
  36. ^ Cameron Macdonald. "Former EGPD officer convicted of assault in misconduct case". Elk Grove Citizen. Retrieved June 16, 2022.
  37. ^ "Lawsuit: Elk Grove police officer coerced woman into sex after she filed theft report".
  38. ^ https://cdn5-hosted.civiclive.com/UserFiles/Servers/Server_109585/File/Departments/Finance/cafr/2021-ACFR.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  39. ^ "Transit (e-Tran) - City of Elk Grove". Elkgrovecity.org. September 13, 2015. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
  40. ^ "Elk Grove Opens 100th park". Elkgrovecity.org. April 27, 2021. Retrieved June 8, 2021.
  41. ^ "SacRT Initiatives". Sacramento Regional Transit District. October 15, 2019. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  42. ^ "Elk Grove Station". Altamont Corridor Express (ACE). Retrieved October 8, 2022.
  43. ^ Holland, John (April 27, 2018). "Expanded train service coming to Modesto, Merced; what it means for commuters". Modesto Bee. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
  44. ^ "Sister Cities". City of Elk Grove. Retrieved February 5, 2015.
  45. ^ "Elk Grove’s Arik Armstead Looks To Take The NFL Path His Brother Didn’t Get", CBS Sacramento, May 1, 2015. Accessed March 1, 2017.
  46. ^ "Former USC football player from Elk Grove sues over injected drug; Armond Armstead hospitalized for days", KCRA, August 31, 2012. Accessed March 1, 2017.
  47. ^ Bera, Ami. "About Dr. Ami Bera". Bera for Congress. Archived from the original on April 1, 2012. Retrieved November 14, 2012.
  48. ^ Jason Belzer (November 4, 2014). "The World's Most Powerful Sports Agents 2014". Forbes.
  49. ^ "Elk Grove native Lance Briggs plans to retire from NFL", Cincinnati.com via Associated Press., September 3, 2015. Accessed March 1, 2017.
  50. ^ Hull, John. "Where Are They Now: Bill Cartwright", Elk Grove Citizen, March 30, 2010. Accessed March 1, 2017. "Cartwright has countless memories of those experiences, but when he sits down and begins reminiscing of his days in Elk Grove, stories of his teenage years start flowing out in sharp detail."
  51. ^ Aleaziz, Hamed (August 12, 2017). "Earl Gage, SF's 1st black firefighter, to be memorialized Monday". SFGate. Retrieved July 15, 2020.
  52. ^ "Biography". Kyle Larson official website. Archived from the original on August 26, 2012. Retrieved June 16, 2012.