Shasta County, California
County of Shasta
Shasta Dam Colored.jpg
Lassen-Peak-Large.jpg
Sundial Bridge at Turtle Bay.jpg
Images, from top down: Shasta Dam at the southern end of Shasta Lake, Lassen Peak, Sundial Bridge
Official seal of Shasta County, California
Interactive map of Shasta County
Location in the state of California
Location in the state of California
Coordinates: 40°46′N 122°02′W / 40.76°N 122.04°W / 40.76; -122.04Coordinates: 40°46′N 122°02′W / 40.76°N 122.04°W / 40.76; -122.04
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
RegionSacramento Valley/Cascade Range
Incorporated1850
Named forMount Shasta,[note 1] which was named after the Shasta people
County seatRedding
Largest cityRedding
Government
 • TypeCouncil–CEO
 • Chair[2]Les Baugh
 • Vice Chair[3]Patrick Henry Jones
 • Board of Supervisors[4]
Supervisors
  • Joe Chimenti
  • Tim Garman
  • Mary Rickert
  • Patrick Henry Jones
  • Les Baugh
 • County executive officerPatrick J. Minturn (Acting)[1]
 • Deputy County executive officerMary Williams
Area
 • Total3,847 sq mi (9,960 km2)
 • Land3,775 sq mi (9,780 km2)
 • Water72 sq mi (190 km2)
Population
 • Total182,155
 • Density47/sq mi (18/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific Standard Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (Pacific Daylight Time)
Websitewww.co.shasta.ca.us

Shasta County (/ˈʃæstə/ (listen)), officially the County of Shasta, is a county in the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. Its population is 182,155 as of the 2020 census, up from 177,223 from the 2010 census. The county seat is Redding.[5]

Shasta County comprises the Redding, California Metropolitan Statistical Area. The county occupies the northern reaches of the Sacramento Valley, with portions extending into the southern reaches of the Cascade Range.

Points of interest in Shasta County include Shasta Lake, Lassen Peak, and the Sundial Bridge.

History

Shasta County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. The county was named after Mount Shasta; the name is derived from the English equivalent for the Shasta people. Their population declined in the 1850s due to disease, low birth rates, starvation, killings, and massacres as white settlers moved in.[6] The name of the tribe was spelled in various ways until the present version was used when the county was established. Originally Mt. Shasta was within the county, but it is now part of Siskiyou County, to the north. Its 14,179-foot (4,322 m) peak is visible throughout most of Shasta County. Parts of the county's territory were transferred to Siskiyou County in 1852, and to Tehama County in 1856.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,847 square miles (9,960 km2), of which 3,775 square miles (9,780 km2) is land and 72 square miles (190 km2) (1.9%) is water.[7] Mountains line the county on the east, north and west. The Sacramento River flows out of the mountains to the north, through the center of the county, and toward the Sacramento Valley to the south.

Flora and fauna

According to Willis Linn Jepson the biota of Shasta County were not explored in a scientific manner until just before the year 1900. Up until the 1920s the Southern Pacific Railroad Company owned vast tracts of natural grasslands; however, during the 1920s the railroad sold off much of its grassland holdings, leading to the rapid clearing of brush and large scale conversion from habitat to agricultural uses.[8] Shasta County has extensive forests, which cover over one half the land area with commercially productive forest systems.[9] Common forest alliances include mixed oak woodland and mixed conifer-oak woodland as well as douglas fir forest. Common trees found include White-bark pine,[10] California Black Oak and California Buckeye.[11]

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

2011

Places by population, race, and income

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Shasta County had a population of 177,223. The racial makeup of Shasta County was 153,726 (86.7%) White, 1,548 (0.9%) African American, 4,950 (2.8%) Native American, 4,391 (2.5%) Asian, 271 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 4,501 (2.5%) from other races, and 7,836 (4.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14,878 persons (8.4%).[20]

2000

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850378
18604,3601,053.4%
18704,173−4.3%
18809,492127.5%
189012,13327.8%
190017,31842.7%
191018,9209.3%
192013,361−29.4%
193013,9274.2%
194028,800106.8%
195036,41326.4%
196059,46863.3%
197077,64030.6%
1980115,71549.0%
1990147,03627.1%
2000163,25611.0%
2010177,2238.6%
2020182,1552.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[21]
1790-1960[22] 1900–1990[23]
1990-2000[24] 2010-2015[25]

As of the census[26] of 2000, there were 163,256 people, 63,426 households, and 44,017 families residing in the county. The population density was 43 people per square mile (17/km2). There were 68,810 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 89.3% White, 0.8% Black or African American, 2.8% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.7% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. 5.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 15.7% were of German, 12.3% English, 11.2% Irish, 9.9% American and 5.2% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.0% spoke English and 3.3% Spanish as their first language.

There were 63,426 households, out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.1% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,335, and the median income for a family was $40,491. Males had a median income of $35,959 versus $24,773 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,738. About 11.3% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.0% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.

Annual events

Politics

Voter registration statistics

Cities by population and voter registration

Overview

Shasta at one time favored the Democratic Party in Presidential elections. It went Democratic in all but one presidential election from 1932 to 1976, and was one of the few counties in the state to be won by George McGovern. However, since 1980, it has become one of the most Republican counties in the state in Presidential and congressional elections.[28] The last Democrat to carry the county in a presidential race was Jimmy Carter in 1976.

United States presidential election results for Shasta County, California[29]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 60,789 65.41% 30,000 32.28% 2,141 2.30%
2016 51,778 63.90% 22,301 27.52% 6,945 8.57%
2012 48,067 62.83% 25,819 33.75% 2,615 3.42%
2008 49,588 61.68% 28,867 35.91% 1,935 2.41%
2004 52,249 67.22% 24,339 31.31% 1,143 1.47%
2000 43,278 65.04% 20,127 30.25% 3,139 4.72%
1996 34,736 55.17% 20,848 33.11% 7,377 11.72%
1992 28,190 41.24% 21,605 31.61% 18,564 27.16%
1988 32,402 59.36% 21,171 38.79% 1,012 1.85%
1984 33,041 62.19% 19,298 36.32% 788 1.48%
1980 27,547 58.09% 15,364 32.40% 4,507 9.50%
1976 17,273 45.63% 19,200 50.72% 1,381 3.65%
1972 16,618 46.68% 17,214 48.35% 1,771 4.97%
1968 11,821 40.44% 14,510 49.64% 2,899 9.92%
1964 9,178 32.37% 19,142 67.52% 30 0.11%
1960 9,462 38.94% 14,691 60.45% 148 0.61%
1956 8,833 43.84% 11,239 55.78% 77 0.38%
1952 10,073 56.43% 7,656 42.89% 122 0.68%
1948 5,010 39.69% 7,177 56.86% 436 3.45%
1944 4,023 40.87% 5,798 58.90% 22 0.22%
1940 3,909 30.70% 8,662 68.03% 162 1.27%
1936 2,159 28.75% 5,236 69.72% 115 1.53%
1932 1,382 23.90% 4,170 72.12% 230 3.98%
1928 2,301 52.20% 2,025 45.94% 82 1.86%
1924 1,951 41.95% 598 12.86% 2,102 45.19%
1920 2,108 62.07% 1,028 30.27% 260 7.66%
1916 2,008 37.20% 2,828 52.39% 562 10.41%
1912 16 0.34% 2,040 43.55% 2,628 56.11%
1908 1,891 47.61% 1,389 34.97% 692 17.42%
1904 1,891 55.10% 935 27.24% 606 17.66%
1900 1,681 44.70% 1,948 51.79% 132 3.51%
1896 1,210 37.55% 1,936 60.09% 76 2.36%
1892 1,234 42.77% 1,137 39.41% 514 17.82%
1888 1,490 50.70% 1,394 47.43% 55 1.87%
1884 1,173 51.54% 1,042 45.78% 61 2.68%
1880 868 49.46% 877 49.97% 10 0.57%


In the United States House of Representatives, Shasta County is in California's 1st congressional district, represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa.[30]

In the California State Legislature, Shasta County is in the 1st Senate District, represented by Republican Brian Dahle,[31] and the 1st Assembly District, represented by Republican Megan Dahle.[32]

Transportation

Major highways

Public transportation

Redding Area Bus Authority (RABA) provides service in and around Redding. One route operates to Burney via State Route 299.

Amtrak's Coast Starlight serves Redding Station once a day in each direction.[citation needed]

Airports

Redding Municipal Airport has scheduled passenger flights. Other (general aviation) airports within the county include Benton Field (near Redding), Fall River Mills Airport, and Shingletown Airport.

Law enforcement

Shasta County Sheriff

The sheriff provides prison administration and coroner services for the entire county and patrol, investigative, and coroner services for the unincorporated portions of the county.

Municipal police

Redding and Anderson have municipal police departments.

Crime

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Cities by population and crime rates

Education

School districts include:[35]

Unified:

Secondary:

Elementary:

High schools and below

Colleges and universities

Shasta County has four colleges and universities:

Housing

Points of interest

Bailey Cove Campground near Lake Shasta within the Shasta-Trinity National Forest.
Bailey Cove Campground near Lake Shasta within the Shasta-Trinity National Forest.

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2020 census of Shasta County. county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2020 Census)
1 Redding City 93,611
2 Anderson City 11,323
3 Shasta Lake City 10,371
4 Cottonwood CDP 6,268
5 Happy Valley CDP 4,949
6 Bella Vista CDP 3,641
7 Burney CDP 3,000
8 Palo Cedro CDP 2,931
9 Shingletown CDP 2,442
10 Jones Valley CDP 1,160
11 Shasta CDP 1,043
12 Mountain Gate CDP 815
13 Millville CDP 724
14 Johnson Park CDP 686
15 Fall River Mills CDP 616
16 Lakehead CDP 469
17 French Gulch CDP 373
18 McArthur CDP 334
19 Whitmore CDP 311
20 Hat Creek CDP 266
21 Castella CDP 214
22 Cassel CDP 207
23 Keswick CDP 188
24 Montgomery Creek CDP 176
25 Round Mountain CDP 160
26 Oak Run CDP 158
27 Igo CDP 103
28 Ono CDP 93
29 Big Bend CDP 79
30 Old Station CDP 64
31 Redding Rancheria[38] AIAN 40
32 Montgomery Creek Rancheria[39] AIAN 33
33 Roaring Creek Rancheria[40] AIAN 19
34 Platina CDP 13
33 Big Bend Rancheria[41] AIAN 5

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Originally, Mount Shasta was within the county, but it is now part of Siskiyou County
  2. ^ Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  3. ^ Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native
  4. ^ Data unavailable
  5. ^ a b Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.
  6. ^ Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes.

References

  1. ^ Mangas, Ashley Gardner, Mike (May 19, 2022). "Shasta County CEO Matt Pontes to resign". KRCR. Retrieved June 29, 2022.
  2. ^ "Shasta County Board of Supervisors - District 5 - Supervisor Les Baugh". www.co.shasta.ca.us.
  3. ^ "Shasta County Board of Supervisors - District 4 - Supervisor Patrick Henry Jones". www.co.shasta.ca.us.
  4. ^ "Shasta County Board of Supervisors". www.co.shasta.ca.us.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. ^ Clarke, Chris (September 26, 2016). "Untold History: The Survival of California's Indians". KCET.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. ^ Mary C. Brinton, Victor Nee and Robert K. Merton (2001) The New Institutionalism in Sociology, Stanford University Press ISBN 0-8047-4276-6, 352 pages
  9. ^ Forest Survey Release (1952) By California Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, California, no. 13-3
  10. ^ George Bishop Sudworth (1908) Forest Trees of the Pacific Slope, United States Forest Service, published by the United States G.P.O., Washington DC
  11. ^ C. Michael Hogan. 2008. Aesculus californica, Globaltwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 22, 2012. Retrieved November 26, 2012.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B02001. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  13. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B03003. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  14. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19301. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  15. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19013. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  16. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19113. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  17. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  18. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B01003. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  19. ^ Data unavailable
  20. ^ "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau.
  21. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
  22. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
  23. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
  24. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
  25. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
  26. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q California Secretary of State. February 10, 2013 - Report of Registration Archived July 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-10-31.
  28. ^ Anguiano, Dani (July 23, 2022). "Inside the remote California county where the far right took over: 'Civility went out the window'". The Guardian. Retrieved July 23, 2022.
  29. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  30. ^ "California's 1st Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved February 28, 2013.
  31. ^ "Communities of Interest - Counties". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Archived from the original on October 23, 2015. Retrieved September 24, 2014.
  32. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  33. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Office of the Attorney General, Department of Justice, State of California. Table 11: Crimes – 2009 Archived 2013-12-02 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  34. ^ a b c United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. Crime in the United States, 2012, Table 8 (California). Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  35. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Shasta County, CA" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2022. - Text
  36. ^ Layman, Sean (April 12, 2022). "Record Searchlight". redding.com. Retrieved June 3, 2022.
  37. ^ "2022 Fair Market Rent in Redding | RentData.org". www.rentdata.org. Retrieved June 3, 2022.
  38. ^ Staff, Website Services & Coordination. "U.S. Census Bureau 2020 Census". www.census.gov.
  39. ^ Staff, Website Services & Coordination. "U.S. Census Bureau 2020 Census". www.census.gov.
  40. ^ Staff, Website Services & Coordination. "U.S. Census Bureau 2020 Census". www.census.gov.
  41. ^ Staff, Website Services & Coordination. "U.S. Census Bureau 2020 Census". www.census.gov.