Folsom, California
Historic Sutter Street
Historic Sutter Street
Flag of Folsom, California
Motto: 
"Distinctive by Nature"[1]
Location of Folsom in Sacramento County, California
Location of Folsom in Sacramento County, California
Folsom, California is located in the United States
Folsom, California
Folsom, California
Location in the contiguous United States
Coordinates: 38°40′20″N 121°9′28″W / 38.67222°N 121.15778°W / 38.67222; -121.15778
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountySacramento
IncorporatedApril 20, 1946[2]
Government
 • MayorRosario Rodriguez
Area
 • Total30.15 sq mi (78.09 km2)
 • Land27.88 sq mi (72.21 km2)
 • Water2.27 sq mi (5.88 km2)  9.69%
Elevation220 ft (70 m)
Population
 • Total80,454
 • Density2,700/sq mi (1,000/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP Codes
95630, 95671, 95763
Area codes916/279
FIPS code06-24638
GNIS feature IDs277516, 2410516
Websitewww.folsom.ca.us

Folsom is a city in Sacramento County, California, United States. The population was 80,454 at the 2020 census.

History

The Nisenan tribe of Native Americans had long inhabited the area.[6] The Gold Rush of 1849 brought violence, disease and overwhelming loss for the tribes.[7]

Joseph Libbey Folsom purchased Rancho Rio de los Americanos from the heirs of San Francisco merchant William Alexander Leidesdorff, and laid out the town called Granite City, mostly occupied by gold miners seeking their fortune in the Sierra Nevada foothills. Though few amassed a great deal of wealth, the city prospered due to Joseph Folsom's lobbying to get a railway to connect the town with Sacramento. Joseph died in 1855, and Granite City was later renamed Folsom in his honor. The railway was abandoned in the 1980s[8] but opened up as the terminus of the Gold Line of Sacramento Regional Transit District's light rail service in 2005. A few former gold-rush era towns are located within the city limits of Folsom, including Prairie City, Salmon Falls, and Mormon Island.

Folsom included a significant Chinese American community when it was first incorporated, but arsonists burned Folsom's Chinatown in March 1886, driving Chinese Americans out of town.[9]

The establishment of Folsom Prison came in 1880, when the Livermore family made an agreement with the state to donate land for the prison in exchange for prison labor. They planned to build a hydro-electric dam from the American River for a sawmill. Though the sawmill did not work out, the Livermores soon realized that the natural force of running water could provide enough power to transmit to Sacramento, and the Folsom Powerhouse, now a National Historic Landmark, was opened. At the time it was opened, it had the longest overhead run of electricity (22 miles) in the country. The powerhouse operated until 1952.

Folsom Dam was built in 1956, providing flood control and water rights for the Sacramento Valley and created Folsom Lake. The dam is located on the southwest corner of the lake. The lake is an estimated 4.8 miles (7.7 km) from Granite Bay to the most southern point of Folsom Lake.

Folsom is home to Folsom Lake College, Folsom High School, Vista del Lago High School and a historic downtown district. Folsom is also home to the largest private employer in the Sacramento area, Intel.

The Folsom Plan Area allows the construction of 11,000 homes resulting in 25,000 additional residents enlarging the city of Folsom by one-third. The planned community development area of 3,250 acres (1,320 ha) south of Highway 50 includes additional housing, schools and parks along with office and commercial buildings.[10][11]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 34 square miles (88 km2), of which, 31.9 square miles (83 km2) of it is land and 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2) of it (9.69%) is water. Folsom is located in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada.

Carpenter Hill in Folsom has the highest elevation in Sacramento County.[12]

Climate

Folsom's climate is characterized by long, hot, dry summers and cool, rainy winters.

Climate data for Folsom, California (Folsom Dam), 1981–2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 54
(12)
61
(16)
65
(18)
72
(22)
81
(27)
89
(32)
94
(34)
94
(34)
88
(31)
79
(26)
62
(17)
54
(12)
74
(23)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 38
(3)
43
(6)
46
(8)
48
(9)
52
(11)
58
(14)
61
(16)
60
(16)
58
(14)
54
(12)
44
(7)
39
(4)
50
(10)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.70
(94)
4.63
(118)
4.65
(118)
1.74
(44)
.67
(17)
.38
(9.7)
.06
(1.5)
.11
(2.8)
.62
(16)
1.46
(37)
3.96
(101)
3.83
(97)
25.80
(655)
Source: [13]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1890609
19501,690
19603,925132.2%
19705,81048.0%
198011,00389.4%
199029,802170.9%
200051,88474.1%
201072,20339.2%
202080,45411.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

Folsom is part of the SacramentoArden-ArcadeRoseville Metropolitan Statistical Area.

2020

Folsom, California – Racial and ethnic composition
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos may be of any race.
Race / Ethnicity (NH = Non-Hispanic) Pop 2000[15] Pop 2010[16] Pop 2020[17] % 2000 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 38,500 48,009 44,972 74.20% 66.49% 55.90%
Black or African American alone (NH) 3,086 4,080 3,342 5.95% 5.65% 4.15%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 237 289 269 0.46% 0.40% 0.33%
Asian alone (NH) 3,693 8,917 15,742 7.12% 12.35% 19.57%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 93 156 185 0.18% 0.22% 0.23%
Other race alone (NH) 112 439 494 0.22% 0.61% 0.61%
Mixed race or Multiracial (NH) 1,249 2,249 4,947 2.41% 3.11% 6.15%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 4,914 8,064 10,503 9.47% 11.17% 13.05%
Total 51,884 72,203 80,454 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%

2010

At the 2010 census Folsom had a population of 72,203. The population density was 2,971.2 inhabitants per square mile (1,147.2/km2). The racial makeup of Folsom was 53,627 (74.3%) White, 4,140 (5.7%) African American, 427 (0.6%) Native American, 9,000 (12.5%) Asian, 173 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 1,818 (2.5%) from other races, and 3,018 (4.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8,064 persons (11.2%).[18]

The census reported that 65,243 people (90.4% of the population) lived in households, 188 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 6,772 (9.4%) were institutionalized.

There were 24,951 households, 9,796 (39.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 14,399 (57.7%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,195 (8.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,006 (4.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,150 (4.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 137 (0.5%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 5,788 households (23.2%) were one person and 1,930 (7.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.61. There were 17,600 families (70.5% of households); the average family size was 3.13.

The age distribution was 17,570 people (24.3%) under the age of 18, 5,344 people (7.4%) aged 18 to 24, 23,022 people (31.9%) aged 25 to 44, 19,358 people (26.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 6,909 people (9.6%) who were 65 or older. The median age was 37.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 114.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 117.9 males.

There were 26,109 housing units at an average density of 1,074.4 per square mile, of the occupied units 17,442 (69.9%) were owner-occupied and 7,509 (30.1%) were rented. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.9%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.2%. 47,982 people (66.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 17,261 people (23.9%) lived in rental housing units.

2000

At the 2000 census there were 51,884 people in 17,196 households, including 12,518 families, in the city. The population density was 2,386.7 inhabitants per square mile (921.5/km2). There were 17,968 housing units at an average density of 826.5 per square mile (319.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 77.89% Caucasian, 5.99% African American, 0.58% Native American, 7.19% Asian, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 4.71% from other races, and 3.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.47%.[19]

Of the 17,196 households 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.7% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.2% were non-families. 21.8% of households were one person and 7.1% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.08.

The age distribution was 24.2% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 39.0% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 8.8% 65 or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 123.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 131.0 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, The median household income was $87,542, and the median family income was $109,032.[20] Males had a median income of $60,616 versus $42,434 for females. The per capita income for the city was $30,210. About 2.6% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Folsom City Hall

Top employers

According to the city's 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[21] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer Employees Percentage of Total City Employment
1 Intel Corporation 6,318 17.80%
2 California State Prison, Sacramento 1,469 4.14%
3 Folsom Cordova Unified School District 1,112 3.13%
4 Folsom State Prison 1,069 3.01%
5 Mercy Hospital of Folsom 755 2.13%
6 California ISO 638 1.80%
7 City of Folsom 452 1.27%
8 SAFE Credit Union 355 1.00%
9 Micron Technology, Inc. 350 0.99%
10 Costco 300 0.85%

The total Folsom labor force is 35,500. Approximately 59.6% of the total adult population asset, of around 59,740.[22]

Arts and culture

The Georgia Murray Building

The city operates the Folsom Public Library, located in the Georgia Murray Building.[23]

Parks and recreation

Livermore Community Park is located in Folsom and offers a bike trail, sports facilities and a water park.[24] Bike trails include Humbug-Willow Creek Trail, Folsom Rail Trail, Folsom Lake Trail, and Oak Parkway Trail. Folsom is the endpoint of the American River Bike Trail, which starts in Sacramento.[25] Bridges located in Folsom include the Lake Natoma Crossing; the Rainbow Bridge, a historic truss bridge; and Folsom Lake Crossing. There is also a pedestrian bridge over East Bidwell Street that opened on November 6, 2010, as part of a new segment on the Humbug-Willow Creek Trail called the Johnny Cash Trail and a Johnny Cash Bridge crossing over near the intersection of Folsom Lake Crossing and East Natoma that was unveiled on October 4, 2014.

Looking east from Lake Natoma Crossing Bridge. Historic Folsom is on the right.

Government

In the California State Legislature, Folsom is in the 1st Senate District, represented by Republican Brian Dahle, and in the 6th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Kevin McCarty.[26]

Located within California's 3rd congressional district, Folsom is represented in the U.S. House of Representatives by Republican Kevin Kiley.[27]

Presidential election results in Folsom[27]
Year Democratic Republican Others
2020 52.2% 22,254 45.3% 19,303 2.6% 1,099
2016 46.6% 15,123 46.1% 14,964 7.3% 2,376

See also: Government of Sacramento County, California

Education

Folsom Lake College is a public community college which is part of the Los Rios Community College District.

Folsom Cordova Unified School District operates public schools in Folsom and Rancho Cordova. The 3 high schools are Folsom High School, Vista del Lago High School, and Cordova High School. The 4 middle schools are Folsom Middle School, Sutter Middle School, Mills Middle School, and Mitchell Middle School.

Infrastructure

The Sacramento Regional Transit District extended the light rail train system to Folsom via an extension to the Gold Line in October 2005, providing direct service to Downtown Sacramento. Regional Transit also operates the Folsom Stage Line, a public bus service within the city of Folsom.[28]

In February 2020, 75 project customers, including the City of Folsom, received permanent federal water contracts for the Central Valley Project.[29][30]

Notable people

In popular culture

The song "Folsom Prison Blues" by Johnny Cash is about Folsom State Prison.

Sister cities

References

  1. ^ "City of Folsom, California". City of Folsom, California. Retrieved August 11, 2012.
  2. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  3. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  4. ^ "Folsom". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved January 4, 2015.
  5. ^ "QuickFacts: Folsom City, CA".
  6. ^ Folsom Historical Society (September 15, 1999). Folsom, California. Arcadia. ISBN 9781439610190.
  7. ^ "The Gold Rush Impact on Native Tribes". American Experience. PBS. Retrieved November 20, 2023 – via PBS.org.
  8. ^ "Nimbus to Folsom". AbandonedRails.com. Archived from the original on March 2, 2009. Retrieved October 12, 2008.
  9. ^ "3.9.1.1". Folsom Dam Road Access Restriction: Environmental Impact Statement. US Department of Interior. April 2005. p. 3.9-2.
  10. ^ "Folsom, CA - Folsom Plan Area". folsom.ca.us. Archived from the original on February 27, 2020. Retrieved February 27, 2020.
  11. ^ Bizjak, Tony (May 21, 2018). "Thousands of long-awaited homes are coming to Folsom. Here's what you should know". Sacramento Bee. Retrieved February 27, 2020.
  12. ^ Camponovo, Megan (June 7, 2020). "A residential intersection in Folsom is the highest point in Sacramento County". FOX 40.
  13. ^ "FOLSOM DAM, CALIFORNIA - Climate Summary". www.wrcc.dri.edu.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". census.gov. US Census Bureau. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ "P004: Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino by Race – 2000: DEC Summary File 1 – Folsom city, California". census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 26, 2024.
  16. ^ "P2: Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino by Race – 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Folsom city, California". census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 26, 2024.
  17. ^ "P2: Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino by Race – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Folsom city, California". census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 26, 2024.
  18. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Folsom City". census.gov. US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  19. ^ "U.S. Census website". census.gov. US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  20. ^ "American FactFinder - Results". census.gov. US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved April 28, 2009.
  21. ^ City of Folsom CAFR 2020
  22. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Folsom city, California". www.census.gov. Retrieved October 12, 2019.
  23. ^ "Library Locations & Hours". Folsom Public Library. Archived from the original on March 25, 2016. Retrieved June 18, 2017.
  24. ^ "Livermore Community Park". folsom.ca.us. Archived from the original on December 3, 2019. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
  25. ^ Viall, Tim (August 30, 2021). "Folsom, a scenic and historic river city, beckons travelers". The Stockton Record. Retrieved November 19, 2023.
  26. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
  27. ^ a b "Dave's Redistricting". Retrieved June 25, 2023.
  28. ^ "SacRT About Us".
  29. ^ Boxall, Bettina (February 29, 2020). "Westlands Water District gets permanent U.S. contract for massive irrigation deliveries". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  30. ^ "Bureau of Reclamation Completes First Group of Congressionally-Mandated California Central Valley Project Contract Conversions". Sierra Sun Times. March 2, 2010. Retrieved March 3, 2020.
  31. ^ a b "Folsom, CA - Sister Cities". www.folsom.ca.us. city of Folsom. Archived from the original on December 19, 2019. Retrieved December 19, 2019.