Engineering physics, or engineering science, refers to the study of the combined disciplines of physics, mathematics, chemistry, biology, and engineering, particularly computer, nuclear, electrical, electronic, aerospace, materials or mechanical engineering. By focusing on the scientific method as a rigorous basis, it seeks ways to apply, design, and develop new solutions in engineering.[1][2][3]


Unlike traditional engineering disciplines, engineering science/physics is not necessarily confined to a particular branch of science, engineering or physics. Instead, engineering science/physics is meant to provide a more thorough grounding in applied physics for a selected specialty such as optics, quantum physics, materials science, applied mechanics, electronics, nanotechnology, microfabrication, microelectronics, computing, photonics, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, nuclear engineering, biophysics, control theory, aerodynamics, energy, solid-state physics, etc. It is the discipline devoted to creating and optimizing engineering solutions through enhanced understanding and integrated application of mathematical, scientific, statistical, and engineering principles. The discipline is also meant for cross-functionality and bridges the gap between theoretical science and practical engineering with emphasis in research and development, design, and analysis.

It is notable that in many languages the term for "engineering physics" would be directly translated into English as "technical physics". In some countries, both what would be translated as "engineering physics" and what would be translated as "technical physics" are disciplines leading to academic degrees, with the former specializing in nuclear power research, and the latter closer to engineering physics.[4] In some institutions, an engineering (or applied) physics major is a discipline or specialization within the scope of engineering science, or applied science.[5][6][7][8]

In many universities, engineering science programs may be offered at the levels of B.Tech., B.Sc., M.Sc. and Ph.D. Usually, a core of basic and advanced courses in mathematics, physics, chemistry, and biology forms the foundation of the curriculum, while typical elective areas may include fluid dynamics, quantum physics, economics, plasma physics, relativity, solid mechanics, operations research, quantitative finance, information technology and engineering, dynamical systems, bioengineering, environmental engineering, computational engineering, engineering mathematics and statistics, solid-state devices, materials science, electromagnetism, nanoscience, nanotechnology, energy, and optics.

Whereas typical engineering programs (undergraduate) generally focus on the application of established methods to the design and analysis of engineering solutions in defined fields (e.g. the traditional domains of civil or mechanical engineering), the engineering science programs (undergraduate) focus on the creation and use of more advanced experimental or computational techniques where standard approaches are inadequate (i.e., development of engineering solutions to contemporary problems in the physical and life sciences by applying fundamental principles).


Qualified engineering physicists, with a degree in Engineering Physics, can work professionally as engineers and/or physicists in the high technology industries and beyond, becoming domain experts in multiple engineering and scientific fields.[9][10][11]


See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Major: Engineering Physics". The Princeton Review. 201. p. 01. Retrieved June 4, 2017.
  2. ^ "Introduction" (online). Princeton University. Retrieved June 26, 2011.
  3. ^ Khare, P.; A. Swarup (2009-01-26). Engineering Physics: Fundamentals & Modern Applications (13th ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning. pp. xiii–Preface. ISBN 978-0-7637-7374-8.
  4. ^ "2002 Applications for graduate study open in Shanghai Research Institute of Technical Physics (上海技术物理研究所2002年招生)". Chinese Academy of Sciences (中国科学院). 2001-10-07. Archived from the original on 2008-06-07. Retrieved 2008-09-16.
  5. ^ "Engineering Physics | Physics Department". Retrieved 2023-06-27.
  6. ^ Division of Engineering and Applied Science, California Institute of Technology
  7. ^ "Engineering Physics, Division of Engineering Science, University of Toronto". Archived from the original on 2014-04-26. Retrieved 2011-05-16.
  8. ^ Engineering Science and Mechanics program at Virginia Tech
  9. ^ Stephen F. Austin State University, Engineering Physics Careers
  10. ^ "Engineering Physics Careers, Carleton University, Canada". Archived from the original on 2020-11-24. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  11. ^, Engineering Physics Careers overview
  12. ^ a b "Engineering Physics, University of Michigan". Archived from the original on 2017-07-24. Retrieved 2017-02-26.
  13. ^ Engineering Physics (Acoustics), University of Kettering
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Engineering Physics Curriculum, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign". Archived from the original on 2021-07-17. Retrieved 2017-06-30.
  15. ^ "Engineering Physics (Aerospace Systems), University of Kansas". Archived from the original on 2021-09-22. Retrieved 2017-06-20.
  16. ^ "Engineering Physics (Aerodynamics), University of Kansas" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2021-04-13. Retrieved 2017-02-26.
  17. ^ Ning, Wu (2004). "Gravitational Shielding Effect in Gauge Theory of Gravity". Communications in Theoretical Physics. 41 (4): 567–572. arXiv:hep-th/0307225. Bibcode:2004CoTPh..41..567W. doi:10.1088/0253-6102/41/4/567. S2CID 119407101.
  18. ^ Honda’s Gravity Modification Research, Huffington Post
  19. ^ "Physicists Teach AI to Identify Exotic States of Matter". Wired. 2017-02-13. Archived from the original on 2023-06-27.
  20. ^ "Physicists Unleash AI to Devise Unthinkable Experiments". Scientific American. Archived from the original on 2023-06-27.
  21. ^ Engineering Physics (Biophysics), Cornell University
  22. ^ "Engineering Physics, Chemical Systems, University of Kansas". Archived from the original on 2021-06-20. Retrieved 2017-06-30.
  23. ^ a b Engineering Physics, Berkeley
  24. ^ a b Engineering Physics (Microelectronics), University of Connecticut
  25. ^ "Universities offering Cryogenics and Superconductivity education in the United States, Cryogenic society of America". Archived from the original on 2021-07-07. Retrieved 2017-04-25.
  26. ^ Golden Eye-style energy beam is developed by Nato scientists, Daily Telegraph
  27. ^ Johns Hopkins, Applied Physics Laboratory
  28. ^ Engineering Physics (Embedded Systems), Simon Fraser University
  29. ^ "Course structure – Engineering Sciences". Retrieved 2020-11-26.
  30. ^ a b University of the Pacific, Engineering Physics, Curriculum
  31. ^ Engineering Physics (Nuclear Engineering), Ohio State University
  32. ^ Program of Engineering physics, Laval University, Quebec
  33. ^ Physicists applying knowledge to finance, The Guardian
  34. ^ China’s quantum satellite achieves ‘spooky action’ at record distance, Science Magazine
  35. ^ Physicists extend quantum machine learning to infinite dimensions,
  36. ^ Engineering Physics, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Programme Options
  37. ^ "Engineering Physics, Stanford". Archived from the original on 2019-03-11. Retrieved 2018-09-16.