This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Essive-modal case" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (March 2024) (Learn how and when to remove this message)

The essive-modal case is a case in the Hungarian language that expresses either the state, capacity, task in which somebody is or which somebody has (essive case, e.g. "as a reward", "for example"), or the manner in which an action is carried out, an event happens, or the language which somebody knows (modal case, e.g. "sloppily", "unexpectedly", "speak German"). It is sometimes called the essive case.[1]

An example of this would be in the sentence "Beszélek magyarul." (I speak Hungarian.) The sentence denotes the ability of being able to speak the Hungarian language. According to vowel harmony rules, ul becomes ül in cases such as "Beszélek németül." (I speak German.) because the word for "German", német is composed completely of median and/or frontal vowels.


  1. ^ Spencer, Andrew (2006). "Does Hungarian have a case system?" (PDF). 12th International Morphology Meeting. Budapest. Retrieved 28 March 2024.