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International Federation of Consulting Engineers (FIDIC)
Company typeInternational NGO
Key people
Catherine Karakatsanis (President)[2]

The International Federation of Consulting Engineers (commonly known as FIDIC, acronym for its French name Fédération Internationale Des Ingénieurs-Conseils) is an international standards organization for construction technology and consulting engineering. The organization is best known for the FIDIC suite of contract templates.


There were 59 participants at the inaugural meeting during a World Exhibition in Ghent, Belgium, in July 1913, called to discuss the possibility of forming a global federation of consulting engineers. Of these, 19 were official delegates from the US, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Netherlands and Switzerland, with the remainder coming from AustriaHungary, Canada, Russia and the UK. This meeting led to FIDIC's formal constitution being adopted on 22 July 1913. Some countries maintained only provisional links during the first few years. The founding members of FIDIC were Belgium, France, and Switzerland. FIDIC led a difficult life until the late 1940s with changing numbers of members, all from European countries. In 1959, these were joined by Australia, Canada, South Africa and the United States. The first member associations from the developing world, from Central Africa (now Malawi), Zambia and Zimbabwe, joined in 1962. Colombia joined in 1967.[3] FIDIC has members in 104 countries.[4]

In March 2018, Nelson Ogunshakin was appointed as the new CEO of FIDIC, to replace its retiring managing director, Enrico Vink.[5] The current president is Catherine Karakatsanis.[6]


FIDIC has a mission of representing consulting engineering globally, including through promoting the interests of companies, organizations and engineers who provide technology-based services. The organization arranges a number of seminars and training courses, including the World Consulting Engineer Conference.[7][citation needed]

Standard form contracts

FIDIC publishes international contracts and business practice documents which are used globally. The organization published an updated "rainbow suite" of contracts in 1999, which established a number of different conditions of contract depending on the circumstances of the works. The Red Book, which dates back to 1957, covers building and engineering works which are designed by the employer. The Yellow Book covers circumstances of design–build, where mechanical and electrical (M&E), building and engineering works are designed by the Contractor.[8][9] The Silver Book covers projects which will follow the engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) and turnkey approach.[8][10] The Green Book created a short form of contract.[8] These revised contracts effectively superseded the Orange Book, which was published in 1995 to establish an option for design–build and turnkey, as it is common for the Yellow Book or Silver Book to be used in each relevant circumstance.[9]


  1. ^ "About Us". FIDIC. Retrieved 2018-06-09.
  2. ^ "Executive Committee". International Federation of Consulting Engineers. Retrieved 2018-06-09.
  3. ^ "FIDIC | History | International Federation of Consulting Engineers". Retrieved 2022-11-19.
  4. ^ "FIDIC website". 2018.
  5. ^ "International Federation of Consulting Engineers (FIDIC) Appoints Dr Nelson Ogunshakin OBE as New Chief Executive Officer" (PDF). International Federation of Consulting Engineers. 28 March 2018. Retrieved 25 October 2022.
  6. ^ "FIDIC | Canada's Catherine Karakatsanis elected as FIDIC's first woman president | International Federation of Consulting Engineers". Retrieved 2024-03-20.
  7. ^ "World Consulting Engineering Conference". Archived from the original on 2020-07-20. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
  8. ^ a b c "Standard Form Contracts: FIDIC". 12 August 2011. Retrieved 25 October 2022.
  9. ^ a b "The FIDIC Suite of Contracts" (PDF). Turner & Townsend. 2006.
  10. ^ Hosie, Jonathan (November 2007). "Turnkey contracting under the FIDIC Silver Book: What do owners want? What do they get?" (PDF). Society of Construction Law. Retrieved 25 October 2022.