Four Corners, Maryland
Traffic signals for University Boulevard West, designated as Maryland Route 193, at the intersection with its western turnaround in Four Corners, Maryland
Intersection of MD 193 and its western turnaround in Four Corners
Four Corners is located in Maryland
Four Corners
Four Corners
Four Corners is located in the United States
Four Corners
Four Corners
Coordinates: 39°1′13.44″N 77°0′46.0794″W / 39.0204000°N 77.012799833°W / 39.0204000; -77.012799833
Country United States
State Maryland
County Montgomery
Unincorporated communitySilver Spring
Area
 • Total1.48 sq mi (3.83 km2)
 • Land1.46 sq mi (3.79 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total8,316
 • Density5,680.33/sq mi (2,193.89/km2)
ZIP Code
20901
Area codes301, 240
FIPS code24-29790
GNIS feature IDs2583623, 590232

Four Corners is a neighborhood and census-designated place (CDP) in Montgomery County, Maryland, United States. Many residents consider the neighborhood a part of Silver Spring, to whose CDP it belonged until 2010.[2][3] It had a population of 8,316 at the 2020 census.[4]

Location

Four Corners is bounded by Dennis Avenue to the northwest, the Northwest Branch Trail to the northeast, and Interstate 495 (Capital Beltway) to the south. It borders the neighborhoods of Woodmoor and Indian Spring Village, Franklin Knolls, Indian Spring Terrace, North Hills Sligo Park, and Burnt Mills Hills. The community of Northwood Park is also considered to be part of the Four Corners neighborhood, and is commonly known as Northwood-Four Corners or simply North Four Corners.

Landmarks

Montgomery Blair High School (MBHS)[5][2] is a public high school named after Montgomery Blair, the son of Francis Preston Blair, the founder of Silver Spring. Blair, a lawyer, represented Dred Scott in his United States Supreme Court case, and served as Postmaster General under President Abraham Lincoln. The school is nationally recognized for its magnet program and Communication Arts Program (CAP).

The Polychrome Historic District is a national historic district in the Four Corners neighborhood. It recognizes a group of five houses built by John Joseph Earley in 1934 and 1935.[6][7][8]

The land that comprises North Four Corners Park was acquired in the mid-1940s. It was a plot of land for temporary homes for the military during World War II. It was a whites-only neighborhood for a short while. The park grew in size to 14 acres in 1998. The park features a recreation building, playground, ballfields, tennis courts, and a picnic area.[9]

A number of historic homes exist in North Four Corners. These include the Silver Spring 1939 World’s Fair Home (House No. 15 in the 'Town of Tomorrow'), and the brick Tudor Revival Washington Gas Model Home that opened the 1938 building program in Northwood Park.[10]

History

Burnt Mills Dam, Northwest Branch of the Anacostia River, Silver Spring, MD

In the 1700s, a water mill was built at the easternmost corner of Four Corners, where today's Colesville Road passes over the Northwest Branch of the Anacostia River and becomes Columbia Pike. The mill building burned down in 1788, hence the name Burnt Mills. Rebuilt in the late 1700s or early 1800s, ownership of the mill changed hands several times in the 19th century before closing down in the early years of the 20th century. The land was then donated to the Boy Scouts of America, who established a camp named for President Woodrow Wilson.[11] In the early 1920s, the Boy Scouts donated part of the land to the Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission, and a temporary water filtration plant was erected at the site. Work on a new plant was completed in 1936, and the plant was named for the Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission's chief engineer, Robert B. Morse Filtration Plant. The dam and the two Georgian Revival pump houses were acquired by the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission between 1996 and 2000 and are now on the Historic Register. The Burnt Mills Dam parks (East[12] and West[13]) are a popular starting point for hikers of the Northwest Branch Trail, part of the Rachel Carson Greenway, whose northernmost section runs along the eastern and northern border of the neighborhood.[14][15][16]

In the 19th century, there was an agricultural community located at the crossroads on the Bladensburg and Colesville Roads. The community remained rural until the post-World War I building boom in suburban Montgomery County. Four Corners came into being as a residential neighborhood between the world wars,[17] beginning in the late 1930s with the development of Northwood Park, Woodmoor, Indian Spring Village, Indian Spring Terrace, North Hills of Sligo Park, and Fairway. These subdivisions expanded between 1945 and 1955 even as new ones, such as Northwood and Franklin Knolls, were constructed. The single-family house subdivisions that soon surrounded Four Corners had winding streets that formed an irregular grid in between major roads. Four Corners was largely developed by the late 1950s.[18]

Transportation

Four Corners is served by Metrobus numbers Z6, Z8, C2, and C4, as well as Ride On numbers 8, 9, 19, and Flash BRT. Washington Metro service is available on the Red Line at the nearby Wheaton and Silver Spring stations. The Piney Branch Road station of the Purple Line will be built in nearby Long Branch at the intersection of University Boulevard and Piney Branch Road and is expected to be open to the public by 2023.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
20107,945
20208,3164.7%
source:[19]
2010–2020[4]

As of the 2010 United States Census,[20] the racial makeup of Four Corners was 67% White, 12.6% African American, 0% Native American or Alaska Native, 7.2% Asian, 0% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, and 4.1% mixed race. Hispanics and Latinos of any race were 17.7% of the population. Non-Hispanic whites were 59.8% of the population.

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 26, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Four Corners CDP, MD" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-06-22. Retrieved 2015-06-22.
  3. ^ "CENSUS 2000 BLOCK MAP: SILVER SPRING CDP" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-15. Retrieved 2015-06-22.
    "CENSUS 2000 BLOCK MAP: SILVER SPRING CDP" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-15. Retrieved 2015-06-22.
    "CENSUS 2000 BLOCK MAP: SILVER SPRING CDP" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-15. Retrieved 2015-06-22.
  4. ^ a b "QuickFacts: Four Corners CDP, Maryland". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 17 August 2021.
  5. ^ "Montgomery Blair High School". Mbhs.edu. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
  6. ^ "John Kelly - Answer Man: Art Deco Homes Cast in Concrete". Washingtonpost.com. 2006-12-31. Retrieved 2012-08-09.
  7. ^ "Art Deco Style Sparkles in Silver Spring". Washingtonpost.com. 2005-08-20. Retrieved 2012-08-09.
  8. ^ "National Register Listings in Maryland". Mht.maryland.gov. Retrieved 2012-08-09.
  9. ^ "Parks & Facilities Directory - North Four Corners Local Park". Montgomery Parks. Retrieved 2012-08-09.
  10. ^ Rotenstein, David (1 October 2010). "Silver Spring World's Fair Home Featured at National Building Museum".
  11. ^ "Camp Woodrow Wilson at Burnt Mills Dedication". The Washington Times. Washington, DC. 1920-06-13. p. 10.
  12. ^ "Burnt Mills East Special Park".
  13. ^ "Burnt Mills West Special Park".
  14. ^ Sutton, Ross. "Burnt Mills Dam has a long history in Montgomery County". Retrieved 2020-08-22.
  15. ^ Beall, John Rodgers (1931-01-16). "The history and construction of the mill at Burnt Mills, Maryland".
  16. ^ "Robert B. Morse Water Filtration Plant, Cover Sheet".
  17. ^ "North Four Corners places and buildings collage | History Sidebar". Blog.historian4hire.net. 2010-12-30. Retrieved 2012-08-09.
  18. ^ "Maryland Historical Trust" (PDF). mht.maryland.gov.
  19. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 19, 2007.
  20. ^ "Four Corners CDP, Maryland". United States Census. Retrieved 2020-01-18.