This article lists the feast days of the General Roman Calendar as approved on 25 July 1960 by Pope John XXIII's motu proprio Rubricarum instructum and promulgated by the Sacred Congregation of Rites the following day, 26 July 1960, by the decree Novum rubricarum.[1][2] This 1960 calendar was incorporated into the 1962 edition of the Roman Missal, continued use of which Pope Benedict XVI authorized in his 7 July 2007 motu proprio Summorum Pontificum, and which Pope Francis updated in his 16 July 2021 motu proprio Traditionis custodes, for use as a Traditional Roman Mass.

Novum rubricarum replaced the former classifications of Doubles, Semidoubles, and Simples with I, II, and III class feasts and commemorations. It removed a few feasts, in particular duplications such as the Feast of the Cross (3 May and 14 September), the Chair of Peter (18 January and 22 February), Saint Peter (1 August and 29 June), Saint John the Evangelist (6 May and 27 December), Saint Michael (8 May and 29 September), and Saint Stephen (3 August and 26 December).

This calendar is distinct from the General Roman Calendar of 1954 in that it also incorporates the changes made by Pope Pius XII in 1955, which included the reduction of octaves to three only, those of Christmas, Easter and Pentecost.[3] See General Roman Calendar of Pope Pius XII.

Changes to the Calendar

New ranking system

Novum rubricarum abolished the traditional ranking of Sundays, ferias, and feast days as doubles (of varying degrees) and simples—the rank of semidouble having already been suppressed by Pius XII in 1955—and introduced a new system of ranking the various liturgical days of the Roman rite. Feasts previously ranked as doubles of the I class were reclassified as feasts of the I class. Feasts previously ranked as doubles of the II class were reclassified as feasts of the II class. Feasts ranked in 1954 as greater doubles, doubles, and semidoubles were reclassified as feasts of the III class. Feasts that had formerly been ranked as simples and had been reduced to commemorations in Pius XII's 1955 revision of the calendar remained commemorations.[4]

The Sundays of Advent, Lent, and Passiontide, and Low Sunday were classified as Sundays of the I class. All other Sundays of the year—excluding those perpetually impeded by feasts of the I class—became Sundays of the II class.

Ash Wednesday, the ferias of Holy Week, the Paschal Triduum, and the days within the octaves of Easter and Pentecost (including the Ember Days of Pentecost) were classified as ferias of the I class. The ferias of Advent from 17 to 23 December inclusive, the days within the octave of Christmas not impeded by the feasts of saints (29–31 December inclusive), as well as the Ember Days of Advent, Lent, and September were ranked as ferias of the II class. The ferias of Advent, excluding 17–23 December, were ranked as ferias of the III class, as were the ferias of Lent and Passiontide. In addition, the ferias of Lent and Passiontide were given precedence over all feasts of the III class, with III-class feasts reduced to commemorations in years in which they fell during Lent or Passiontide. The remaining ferias of the year were classified ferias of the IV class.

The following feasts were reduced to commemorations:

The following days of the II class became liturgical days of the I class:

The following greater doubles became liturgical days of the II class:

Deletions and additions to the calendar

The following feasts were deleted from the calendar:

The commemoration of St. Vitalis Martyr (28 April) was likewise deleted, due to doubts about the historicity of his martyrdom.

The following feasts were inscribed in the calendar:

Other changes

The following feasts were transferred:

The commemoration of Ss. Sergius, Bacchus, Marcellus, and Apuleius Martyrs was transferred from 7 to 8 October, due to rubrical changes that restricted the number of commemorations allowed on a II-class feast (in this case, the 7 October feast of the Rosary) to only one.

The following titles were changed:

The new rubrics also restricted the transferral of impeded feast days that occur in a given year on the same day as a liturgical day of higher rank solely to feasts of the I class (formerly doubles of the I class). Under the older rubrics, both doubles of the I class and doubles of the II class (feasts of the II class under the 1960 rubrics) were transferred when impeded.

Post-1960 developments

On 25 March 2020, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith made public the decree Cum sanctissima, dated 22 February 2020, which introduced a number of options for use in contemporary celebration of the Office and Mass according to the 1961 Breviary and 1962 Missal.[5][6] With regard to the liturgical calendar, the decree grants permission for the celebration of feasts of saints canonized after 26 July 1960, using the dates set forth by the Holy See for the liturgical observance of these saints for the universal Church. The decree also allows the option for the celebration of certain III-class feasts during Lent and Passiontide, which heretofore had been forbidden by the 1960 Code of Rubrics.

January

Sunday between the octave of the Nativity of the Lord and the Epiphany, or, with this lacking, 2 January: The Most Holy Name of Jesus, II class.
I Sunday after Epiphany: The Most Holy Family of Jesus, Mary and Joseph, II class.[a]

February

In leap year the month of February is of 29 days, and the feast of St. Matthias is celebrated on the 25th day and the feast of St. Gabriel of Our Lady of Sorrows on the 28th day of February, and twice is said Sexto Kalendas, that is on the 24th and 25th; and the dominical letter, which was taken up in the month of January, is changed to the preceding; that, if in January, the dominical letter was A, it is changed to the preceding, which is g, etc.; and the letter f is kept twice, on the 24th and 25th.[7]

March

Friday after the I Sunday in Passiontide: Commemoration of the Seven Sorrows of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Comm.

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

Last Sunday in October: Our Lord Jesus Christ the King, I class.

November

December

The source for the dates above is the Jan. 1960 edition of Acta Apostolicae Sedis.[4]

Masses for Certain Places (pro Aliquibus Locis)

The 1962 typical edition of the Roman Missal—the edition incorporating the changes made for the 1960 General Calendar—collected many (though not all) Mass propers for feasts approved for celebration in certain places in a supplement placed at the end of the Missal; this supplement also incorporated changes mandated by Pope John XXIII regarding the suppression of some local feasts in his 14 February 1961 instruction De calendariis particularibus. Masses listed in this supplement may nowadays be said anywhere on days of the IV class.[8] Some saints listed below are also in the General Calendar above; these saints have proper Masses in the pro Aliquibus Locis supplement that may be said ad libitum in place of the Masses listed in the main body of the Missal.[9]

Suppressed Masses

In accordance with De calendariis particularibus (par. 32 & 33), the following local feasts "introduced since the Middle Ages by private devotion in the public worship of the Church" were suppressed, unless "truly special reasons" required their continued observance:[4]

In addition, the feast of Saint Philomena (11 August) was removed from all local calendars (save for those of churches named for her and select locations where her cultus was permitted either by indult or tacit approval by the diocesan bishop) due to[citation needed] doubt regarding the historicity of her existence and martyrdom.

National calendars

The following are the proper calendars for certain countries to be used in the celebration of the Roman Rite. National feasts and their ranks have been gathered from liturgical ordos published by various sources, including the FSSP, the Latin Mass Society of England and Wales, and Romanitas Press. This list details only those feasts celebrated in all dioceses and archdioceses of the following countries and does not include feasts proper to specific dioceses and archdioceses.

Australia and New Zealand

Brazil

Canada

England and Wales

France

Korea

Philippines

Poland

Portugal

Scotland

Spain

United States

Vietnam

Calendars of traditionalist institutes

The following are the proper adaptions currently in use for all members of traditionalist institutes who make exclusive use of the 1961 Breviary and 1962 Missal.

Institute of Christ the King Sovereign Priest (ICKSP)

Priestly Fraternity of Saint Peter (FSSP)

Society of Saint Pius X (SSPX)

Local Calendars

To fully comply with the calendar requirements outlined in the 1960 Code of Rubrics that governs the 1962 Missal and the 1961 Breviary, a number of local feasts must be inscribed in the calendars of particular churches where the extraordinary form is offered (and of religious orders and societies dedicated to the use of the sacraments in their 1962 forms) in addition to those listed in the General Calendar and in the national calendars section above. These local feasts include, but are not limited to:

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Under the Code of Rubrics of 1960, in years in which the feast of the Epiphany (6 January) falls on Sunday, the feast of the Holy Family, which occurs on the following Sunday, takes precedence over the commemoration of the Baptism of our Lord. Under the older rubrics, the feast of the Holy Family was anticipated on the preceding Saturday in years when the Epiphany fell on Sunday, with the octave day of the Epiphany (retitled the commemoration of the Baptism of our Lord in 1960) being observed on Sunday, 13 January.
  2. ^ Listed as 3 January in 1962 Missals, as that is the nearest day to his date of death (28 December) that is not outranked by the octave of Christmas.
  3. ^ Listed as 3 January in 1962 Missals, as that is the nearest day to her date of death (22 December) that is not outranked by the greater Advent ferias or the octave of Christmas. In places where the Extraordinary Form of the Mass is celebrated, current practice is to transfer this feast to 13 November, the date of her beatification.
  4. ^ These three local feast days in honor of the Blessed Virgin Mary were transferred to 8 May from 31 May by decree of Pope John XXIII in De calendariis particularibus due to the insertion into the General Calendar of the feast of the Queenship of Mary (31 May) by Pope Pius XII in 1954.
  5. ^ Transferred from the General Calendar date of 4 December
  6. ^ Transferred from the General Calendar date of 12 November
  7. ^ In places in the United States in which the extraordinary form of the Roman Rite is celebrated, by decree of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops the Votive Mass for Peace is said in honor of the Day of Prayer for the Legal Protection of Unborn Children for the anniversary of the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade.
  8. ^ In years when 1 July (the Feast of the Most Precious Blood, of the I class) falls on Sunday, the External Solemnity of Ss. Peter and Paul is not observed in the United States.

References

  1. ^ "Rubricarum instructum, Litterae Apostolicae Motu Proprio Datae Novum Rubricarum Breviarii et Missalis Romani Corpus approbatur, XXV Iulii MCMLX, Ioannes PP. XXIII | Ioannes XXIII". www.vatican.va. Retrieved 2022-09-22.
  2. ^ Seasoltz, R. Kevin (1966). The new liturgy: a documentation, 1903-1965. Internet Archive. [New York] Herder and Herder.
  3. ^ General decree Cum nostra of the Sacred Congregation of Rites
  4. ^ a b c Acta Apostolicae Sedis LII (1960)
  5. ^ "Decreto Cum sanctissima della Congregazione per la Dottrina della Fede circa la celebrazione liturgica in onore dei santi nella forma extraordinaria del Rito Romano, 25.03.2020". No. B0184. Holy See Press Office. Bolletino. March 25, 2020.
  6. ^ DiPippo, Gregory (March 25, 2020). "New Prefaces and Feasts for the EF Missal". New Liturgical Movement.
  7. ^ Kalendarium, Missale Romanum: "In anno bissextili mensis februarius est dierum 29, et festum S. Matthiae celebratur die 25 ac festum S. Gabrielis a Virgine Perdolente die 28 februarii, et bis dicitur Sexto Kalendas, id est die 24 et die 25; et littera dominicalis, quae assumpta fuit in mense ianuario, mutatur in praecedentem; ut, si in Januario, littera dominicalis fuerit A, mutetur in praecedentem, quae est g, etc.; et littera f bis servit, 24 et 25.
  8. ^ Sancta Missa Ordo for use with the 1962 Missale Romanum. Chicago: Biretta Books. 2016. p. 9.
  9. ^ Liturgical Ordo and FSSP Directory. Fraternity Publications Service. 2015. p. 12. Whenever the Mass of a saint in the universal calendar is taken from one of the Commons, a proper Mass of the same saint found in the appendix, Proprium Sanctorum pro Aliquibus Locis, may nowadays be used instead anywhere ad libitum [Rub.Gen. 305a].
  10. ^ Missel Quotidien Saint-Joseph. New York: Catholic Book Publishing Co. 1960. p. 1253.