|Bishop of Rome|
|Papacy began||c. 99|
|Papacy ended||c. 107|
Rome, Roman Empire
|Feast day||26 October|
Pope Evaristus was the fifth pope of the Catholic Church (counting Saint Peter as the first one) being bishop of Rome from c. 99 to his death c. 107. He was also known as Aristus and is venerated as a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Catholic Church, and Oriental Orthodoxy. It is likely that John the Apostle died during his reign period, marking the end of the Apostolic Age.
According to the Liber Pontificalis, he was a Greek by birth, from the father of a Jew by the name of Judah, from the city of Bethlehem. He was elected during the reign of the Roman emperor Trajan, and succeeded Clement I in the See of Rome. He has divided the titles among the priests in the city of Rome, and ordained seven deacons to keep the bishop preaching, on account of the style of truth.
According to the book Sullivan, Reverend John F. (1918). The Externals of the Catholic Church. Aeterna Press. Evaristus decreed that “in accordance with Apostolic tradition marriage should be celebrated publicly and with the blessing of the priest”.
Eusebius, in his Church History IV, I, stated that Evaristus died in the 12th year of the reign of Emperor Trajan after holding the office of bishop of the Romans for eight years.
Liber Pontificalis further describes him as the one "crowned with martyrdom". The same is indicated also by the book "The lives and times of the popes". However, in the Roman Martyrology he is listed without the martyr title, with a feast day on 26 October.
Pope Evaristus is buried near the body of Saint Peter in the Vatican, in the Saint Peter's tomb under the Saint Peter's Basilica.
1 Euaristus, natione Grecus, ex patre Iudaeo nomine Iuda, de ciuitate Bethleem, sedit ann. VIIII m. X d. II. Fuit autem temporibus Domitiani et Neruae Traiani, a consulatu Valentis et Veteris (96) usque ad Gallo et Bradua consulibus (108). Martyrio coronatur. 2 Hic titulos in urbe Roma diuidit presbiteris et VII diaconos ordinauit qui custodirent episcopum praedicantem, propter stilum ueritatis. 3 Hic fecit ordinationes III per mens. Decemb., presbiteros XVII, diaconos II; episcopos per diuersa loca XV. Qui etiam sepultus est iuxta corpus beati Petri, in Vaticanum, VI kal. Nouemb. Et cessauit episcopatus dies XVIIII.
((cite book)): CS1 maint: url-status (link) Quote: "Ignatius died of the wounds that were inflicted by ferocious beasts; Evaristus died under the hands of executioners, more cruel than the wild beasts themselves."