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Giuseppe Saragat
Official portrait, 1971
President of Italy
In office
29 December 1964 – 29 December 1971
Prime MinisterAldo Moro
Giovanni Leone
Mariano Rumor
Emilio Colombo
Preceded byAntonio Segni
Succeeded byGiovanni Leone
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
4 December 1963 – 22 July 1964
Prime MinisterAldo Moro
Preceded byAttilio Piccioni
Succeeded byAldo Moro
Deputy Prime Minister of Italy
In office
10 February 1954 – 19 May 1957
Prime MinisterMario Scelba
Antonio Segni
Preceded byAttilio Piccioni
Succeeded byGiuseppe Pella
In office
1 June 1947 – 27 January 1950
Prime MinisterAlcide De Gasperi
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byAttilio Piccioni
President of the Constituent Assembly
In office
25 June 1946 – 6 February 1947
Preceded byCarlo Sforza
Succeeded byUmberto Terracini
Personal details
Born(1898-09-19)19 September 1898
Turin, Italy
Died11 June 1988(1988-06-11) (aged 89)
Rome, Italy
Political partyPSU (1922–1930)
PSI (1930–1947)
PSDI (1947–1988)
Spouse
Giuseppina Bollani
(died 1961)
[1]
Alma materUniversity of Turin

Giuseppe Saragat (Italian pronunciation: [dʒuˈzɛppe ˈsaːraɡat];[a] 19 September 1898 – 11 June 1988)[2] was an Italian politician who served as the president of Italy from 1964 to 1971.

Early life

Saragat was born on 19 September 1898 in Turin, Piedmont, Kingdom of Italy, to Sardinian parents. He was a member of the Unitary Socialist Party (Partito Socialista Unitario; PSU) from 1922. He moved to Vienna in 1926 and to France in 1929.

Political career

Following the dissolution of the PSU in 1930, Saragat joined the Italian Socialist Party (Partito Socialista Italiano, PSI). A reformist, he was a democratic socialist who left the PSI in 1947 out of concern over its then-close alliance with the Italian Communist Party. He subsequently founded the Socialist Party of Italian Workers (Partito Socialista dei Lavoratori Italiani, PSLI), which in 1952 became the Italian Democratic Socialist Party (Partito Socialista Democratico Italiano; PSDI). He was to be the paramount leader of the PSDI for the rest of his life.[3]

In 1944, Saragat had been a minister without portfolio and ambassador in Paris from 1945 to 1946, before his appointment as president of the Constituent Assembly of Italy that same year upon the establishment of the Italian Republic. He was minister of foreign affairs in the Moro I Cabinet and Moro II Cabinet, headed by Christian Democracy leader Aldo Moro from 1963 to late 1964, when he was chosen as President of the Italian Republic. His election demonstrated a rare instance of unity among the Italian left and followed rumours of a possible neo-fascist coup, Piano Solo, during Antonio Segni's presidency.[3][4]

Saragat died in Rome, Lazio, on 11 June 1988. An atheist,[1] he is said to have become a Catholic and had a religious funeral.[5]

Notes

  1. ^ Prescribed pronunciation is [ˈsaːraɡat] but etimologically it would have been [saraˈɡat] from Sardinian surname (of Catalan descent) Saragattu-Mulinas.

References

  1. ^ a b Vespa, Bruno (7 October 2010). L'amore e il potere: da Rachele a Veronica, un secolo di storia italiana (in Italian). Milan: Mondadori. ISBN 978-88-520-1203-7. Retrieved 14 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ Rizzo, Tito Lucrezio (23 October 2012). Parla il Capo dello Stato: sessanta anni di vita repubblicana attraverso il Quirinale 1946-2006 (in Italian). Rome: Gangemi. ISBN 978-88-492-7460-8. Retrieved 14 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ a b "Saragat, Giuseppe". Dizionario di Storia (in Italian). Treccani. 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  4. ^ Hevesi, Dennis (12 June 1988). "Giuseppe Saragat Is Dead at 89; President of Italy From '64 to '71". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  5. ^ Rizzi, Filippo (13 April 2010). "Padre Rotondi e la «conversione» di Saragat". Avvenire (in Italian). Retrieved 23 April 2023.
Political offices Preceded byCarlo Sforzaas President of the National Consult President of the Constituent Assembly 1946–1947 Succeeded byUmberto Terracini Position established Deputy Prime Minister of Italy 1947–1950 Succeeded byAttilio Piccioni Preceded byAttilio Piccioni Deputy Prime Minister of Italy 1954–1957 Succeeded byGiuseppe Pella Minister of Foreign Affairs 1963–1964 Succeeded byAldo Moro Preceded byAntonio Segni President of Italy 1964–1971 Succeeded byGiovanni Leone Party political offices Position established Secretary of the Italian Democratic Socialist Party 1947–1948 Succeeded byAlberto Simonini Preceded byLudovico D'Aragona Secretary of the Italian Democratic Socialist Party 1949–1952 Succeeded byEzio Vigorelli Preceded byGiuseppe Romita Secretary of the Italian Democratic Socialist Party 1952–1954 Succeeded byGianmatteo Matteotti Preceded byGianmatteo Matteotti Secretary of the Italian Democratic Socialist Party 1957–1964 Succeeded byMario Tanassi Preceded byMario Tanassi Secretary of the Italian Democratic Socialist Party 1976 Succeeded byPier Luigi Romita