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Governorate of New Castile
Gobernación de Nueva Castilla
Flag of New Castile
Spanish map of the administrative division of New Castile made in 1535
Spanish map of the administrative division of New Castile made in 1535
StatusSpanish colony
CapitalJauja 1533–1535
Lima after 1535
Common languagesOfficial: Spanish (de facto); common: Quechua, Kichwa, Aymara, Puquina.
Roman Catholicism (de facto)
• 1516–1556
Charles I
• 1529–1541
Francisco Pizarro
• 1541–1544
Cristóbal Vaca de Castro
• 1544–1548
Gonzalo Pizarro
(Self-proclaimed; unrecognized by Spanish court until death)
Historical eraSpanish empire
• Appointment of Francisco Pizarro as Viceroy of Peru
CurrencySpanish escudo
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Inca Empire
Huanca people
Chachapoya culture
Indigenous peoples of the Americas
Viceroyalty of Peru

The Governorate of New Castile (Gobernación de Nueva Castilla, pronounced [ɡoβeɾnaˈθjon de ˈnweβa kasˈtiʎa]) was the gubernatorial region administered to Francisco Pizarro in 1529 by King Charles I of Spain, of which he was appointed governor.

The region roughly consisted of modern Peru and was, after the foundation of Lima in 1535, divided. The conquest of the Inca empire in 1531–1533, performed by Pizarro and his brothers set the basis for the territorial boundaries of New Castile.

Governorates in Peruvian region

After the territorial division of South America between Spain and Portugal, the Peruvian colonial administration was divided into four entities:

This territorial division set the basis for the colonial administration of South America for several decades. It was formally dissolved in 1544, when King Charles I sent his personal envoy, Blasco Núñez Vela, to govern the newly founded Viceroyalty of Peru that replaced the governorates.

See also


Coordinates: 12°02′36″S 77°01′42″W / 12.04333°S 77.02833°W / -12.04333; -77.02833