Governorate of New Castile
Gobernación de Nueva Castilla
Lima after 1535
|Common languages||Official: Spanish (de facto); common: Quechua, Kichwa, Aymara, Puquina.|
|Religion||Roman Catholicism (de facto)|
|Cristóbal Vaca de Castro|
(Self-proclaimed; unrecognized by Spanish court until death)
|Historical era||Spanish empire|
• Appointment of Francisco Pizarro as Viceroy of Peru
The Governorate of New Castile (Gobernación de Nueva Castilla, pronounced [ɡoβeɾnaˈθjon de ˈnweβa kasˈtiʎa]) was the gubernatorial region administered to Francisco Pizarro in 1529 by King Charles I of Spain, of which he was appointed governor.
The region roughly consisted of modern Peru and was, after the foundation of Lima in 1535, divided. The conquest of the Inca empire in 1531–1533, performed by Pizarro and his brothers set the basis for the territorial boundaries of New Castile.
After the territorial division of South America between Spain and Portugal, the Peruvian colonial administration was divided into four entities:
This territorial division set the basis for the colonial administration of South America for several decades. It was formally dissolved in 1544, when King Charles I sent his personal envoy, Blasco Núñez Vela, to govern the newly founded Viceroyalty of Peru that replaced the governorates.