Governorate of New Toledo
Gobernación de Nueva Toledo
|Governorate of the Crown of Castile
|Cuzco (Claimed by Diego de Almagro)
|Diego de Almagro
The Governorate of New Toledo was a Spanish Governorate of the Crown of Castile formed from the previous southern half of the Inca Empire, stretching south into present day central Chile, and east into present day central Brazil.
It was established by King Charles I of Spain in 1528. Diego de Almagro was the appointed Spanish royal governor.
It was replaced by the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru in 1542.
After the territorial division of South America between Spain and Portugal, the Peruvian Hispanic administration was divided into six entities:
This territorial division set the basis for the Hispanic administration of South America for several decades. It was formally dissolved in 1544, when King Charles I sent his personal envoy, Blasco Núñez Vela, to govern the newly founded Viceroyalty of Peru that replaced the governorates.