An F2F-1 of fighter squadron VF-2B, aboard Lexington
Role Naval fighter
National origin United States
Manufacturer Grumman
Designer Leroy Grumman
First flight 18 October 1933 [1]
Introduction 1935
Retired 1940
Primary user United States Navy
Produced 1934–1935
Number built 55
Variants Grumman F3F

The Grumman F2F was a single-engine, biplane fighter aircraft with retractable undercarriage, serving as the standard fighter for the United States Navy between 1936 and 1940. It was designed for both carrier- and land-based operations.

Design and development

Grumman's success with the two-seat FF-1, which was significantly faster than even the single-seat fighters of its time, resulted in a contract for the single-seat XF2F-1.[2] Armed with two .30 caliber (7.62 mm) machine guns above the cowl, the new design also incorporated watertight compartments to reduce weight and improve survivability in the event of a water landing.[3] The prototype first flew on 18 October 1933, equipped with the experimental 625 hp (466 kW) XR-1534-44 Twin Wasp Junior radial engine, and reached a top speed of 229 mph (369 km/h) at 8,400 ft (2,600 m) – 22 mph (35 km/h) faster than the FF-1 at the same altitude.[3] Maneuverability also proved superior to the earlier two-seat aircraft.[2]

Three F2F-1s in service with fighter squadron VF-2B

Operational history

The Navy ordered 54 F2F-1 fighters on 17 May 1934, with the first aircraft delivered 19 January 1935. One additional aircraft (BuNo 9997) was ordered to replace one which crashed on 16 March 1935, bringing the total to 55, with the final F2F-1 delivered on 2 August 1935. The F2F-1 had a relatively long service life for the time, serving in front-line squadrons from 1935 to late 1939, when squadrons began to receive the F3F-3 as a replacement. By September 1940, the F2F had been completely replaced in fighter squadrons and was relegated to training and utility duties. The last F2F-1s were stricken from the list of naval aircraft in early 1943.[3]


United States Navy designation for the Grumman Model G-8 prototype with a 625 hp (466 kW) XR-1534-44 Twin Wasp Junior radial engine, one built
Production variant with a 700 hp (522 kW) R-1535-72 Twin Wasp Junior radial engine, 55 built


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 United States

Specifications (Grumman F2F-1)

Three-view drawing of Grumman F2F-1

Data from United States Navy Aircraft since 1911 [4]

General characteristics



See also

Related development

Related lists



  1. ^ Graff 2009, p. 18.
  2. ^ a b Jordan, Corey C. "Grumman's Ascendency: Chapter Two." Archived 2012-03-25 at the Wayback Machine Planes and Pilots Of World War Two, 2000. Retrieved: 22 July 2011.
  3. ^ a b c Cacutt 1989, pp. 155–162.
  4. ^ Swanborough and Bowers 1976, p. 201.


  • Cacutt, Len, ed. “Grumman Single-Seat Biplane Fighters.” Great Aircraft of the World. London: Marshall Cavendish, 1989. ISBN 1-85435-250-4.
  • Dann, Richard LCDR, ed. “Grumman Biplane Fighters in Action.” Carrollton, TX: Squadron Signal, 1993. ISBN 0-89747-353-1.
  • Graff, Cory. F6F Hellcat at War. New York: Zenith Imprint, 2009. ISBN 978-0-76033-306-8.
  • Swanborough, Gordon and Peter M. Bowers. United States Navy Aircraft since 1911. London: Putnam, Second edition, 1976. ISBN 0-370-10054-9.

Media related to Grumman F2F at Wikimedia Commons