Idose[1]
Names
IUPAC name
(3S,4R,5R,6R)-6-(Hydroxymethyl)oxane-2,3,4,5-tetrol
Identifiers
  • 2152-76-3 checkY
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
UNII
  • InChI=1S/C6H12O6/c7-1-2-3(8)4(9)5(10)6(11)12-2/h2-11H,1H2/t2-,3+,4-,5+,6?/m1/s1 ☒N
    Key: WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-YIDFTEPTSA-N ☒N
  • InChI=1/C6H12O6/c7-1-2-3(8)4(9)5(10)6(11)12-2/h2-11H,1H2/t2-,3+,4-,5+,6?/m1/s1
    Key: WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-YIDFTEPTBS
  • O[C@@H]1[C@@H](O)[C@H](OC(O)[C@H]1O)CO
Properties
C6H12O6
Molar mass 180.156 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
☒N verify (what is checkY☒N ?)
Infobox references

Idose is a hexose, a six carbon monosaccharide. It has an aldehyde group and is an aldose. It is not found in nature, but its uronic acid, iduronic acid, is important. It is a component of dermatan sulfate and heparan sulfate, which are glycosaminoglycans. The first and third hydroxyls point the opposite way from the second and fourth. It is made by aldol condensation of D- and L-glyceraldehyde. L-Idose is a C-5 epimer of D-glucose.

References

  1. ^ Merck Index, 11th Edition, 4818