Joe Kapp
refer to caption
Kapp in 1960
No. 82, 22, 11
Personal information
Born:(1938-03-19)March 19, 1938
Santa Fe, New Mexico, U.S.
Died:May 8, 2023(2023-05-08) (aged 85)
San Jose, California, U.S.
Height:6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)
Weight:215 lb (98 kg)
Career information
High school:Hart (Santa Clarita, California)
College:California (1956–1958)
NFL draft:1959 / Round: 18 / Pick: 209
Career history
As a player:
 * Offseason and/or practice squad member only
As a coach:
As an administrator:
Career highlights and awards
NFL record
As a coach
Career NFL statistics
Passing yards:5,911
Completion percentage:48.9%
Passer rating:55.1
Passing attempts:918
Passing completions:449
Career CFL statistics
Passing yards:22,725
Passing attempts:2,709
Passing completions:1,476
Player stats at · PFR

Joseph Robert Garcia Kapp (March 19, 1938 – May 8, 2023) was an American football player, coach, and executive. He played college football as a quarterback for the California Golden Bears. Kapp played professionally in the Canadian Football League (CFL) with the Calgary Stampeders and the BC Lions and then in the National Football League (NFL) with the Minnesota Vikings and the Boston Patriots; with the Vikings, he led them to victory in the 1969 NFL Championship Game, the only league championship in team history. Kapp returned to his alma mater as head coach of the Golden Bears from 1982 to 1986. He was the general manager and president of the BC Lions in 1990.

Kapp is a member of the Canadian Football Hall of Fame, the BC Sports Hall of Fame, the BC Lions Wall of Fame, the College Football Hall of Fame, and the University of California Athletic Hall of Fame. Kapp's #22 jersey is one of eight numbers retired by the Lions.[1] In November 2006, Kapp was voted to the Honour Roll of the CFL's top 50 players of the league's modern era by Canadian sports network TSN.[2] Sports Illustrated once called him "The Toughest Chicano".[3] Kapp is the only player to play quarterback in the Super Bowl, Rose Bowl, and the Grey Cup.

Early years

Born in Santa Fe, New Mexico, Kapp's mother Florence García was of Mexican-American heritage, his father of German descent.[3] He was raised in California, in the San Fernando Valley and Salinas,[3] where he played quarterback for Hart High School in Newhall, now a part of Santa Clarita.[4]

Kapp played college football at the University of California, Berkeley, where he led the California Golden Bears to a Pacific Coast Conference championship in 1958 and the Rose Bowl, where they lost to Iowa.[4] This remains California's most recent Rose Bowl appearance. Kapp was named an All-American, and was also awarded the W. J. Voit Memorial Trophy in 1958 as the outstanding football player on the Pacific Coast. A two-sport athlete and fraternity member of Kappa Alpha Order in college, he also played on the basketball team and was a member of the 1956–57 and 1957–58 squads that won the Pacific Coast Conference championships.[3] He earned a bachelor's degree in physical education from the university in 1959.[5] Until 2021, Kapp held the UC Berkeley record for most rushing yards by a quarterback. This was broken by Chase Garbers.[6]

Professional career

Canadian Football League

The Washington Redskins selected Kapp in the 18th round of the 1959 NFL Draft, giving them his rights to play professional football in the United States.[4] After the draft, Washington did not contact him, so his only choice was to accept the offer from Jim Finks, the general manager of the Calgary Stampeders of the Canadian Football League (CFL).[4]

Kapp joined the Calgary Stampeders of the CFL for his rookie season in 1959.[7] The following year, Kapp led Calgary to their first playoff appearance in years. The season was a difficult one, because he injured his knee against the Toronto Argonauts early in the season, but did not miss any games, because he played heavily taped.[8]

In 1961, the BC Lions, then the CFL's newest franchise, traded four starting players to the Calgary Stampeders for Joe Kapp. The move paid off for the Lions when Kapp led the team to a Grey Cup appearance in 1963. The following season, Kapp led the Lions to their first Grey Cup victory in 1964. However, the Lions proved unable to defend their championship in 1965.[4]

By that time, Kapp had proven he was an elite quarterback, and also developed the reputation of being a tough player and a great leader. While most quarterbacks dislike being hit, Kapp was the opposite. He loved to hit and when he took off on a run he'd try to run over defenders.[9]

Before the 1967 CFL season, Kapp made the decision to return to the U.S. to play pro football. The AFL's Oakland Raiders, San Diego Chargers, and Houston Oilers were heavily pursuing him.[10]

Kapp ended up signing with the NFL's Minnesota Vikings in a multi-player "trade" between the CFL and NFL teams, one of the very few transactions to ever occur between the two leagues.[11]

The Minnesota Vikings in 1965 had drafted running back Jim Young out of Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario.[12] He had spent the 1965 and 1966 seasons with the Vikings, but wanted to return to Canada. The BC Lions were very interested in acquiring Young, but the Toronto Argonauts had his CFL rights.[13]

The Minnesota Vikings general manager was Jim Finks, who had brought Kapp to Canada in 1959, and their head coach was Bud Grant, who had faced Kapp while coaching the Winnipeg Blue Bombers. Both Finks and Grant thought Joe Kapp would be the best replacement for Fran Tarkenton, who had been traded to the New York Giants.[14] To make this transaction possible, the BC Lions traded all-star defensive lineman Dick Fouts, and future Canadian Football Hall of Fame running back Bill Symons to Toronto for the CFL rights to future Canadian Football Hall of Fame wide receiver Jim Young.[15][16] They then managed to get Kapp waived out of the CFL. The Vikings managed to waive Jim Young out of the NFL, which allowed the BC Lions to sign him.[17] The expanding New Orleans Saints wanted Young and it took some work from Finks to keep them from claiming Young. Kapp, now waived from the CFL, was free to sign with the Vikings, who had previously claimed his NFL playing rights from Washington.[18]

National Football League

In 1967, Kapp's first season in the NFL, he started 11 of 14 games for the Vikings, compiling an unusual record of 3 wins, 5 losses and 3 ties. Kapp completed only 47 percent of his pass attempts with 8 touchdowns and 17 interceptions. Kapp also scored two rushing touchdowns. Of note, the team was winless without Kapp starting at quarterback. The Green Bay Packers won the division (and the Super Bowl).[19]

In 1968, Kapp led Minnesota to their first ever playoff appearance, losing to the favored Baltimore Colts, 24–14.[14] The Colts were upset a few weeks later by the New York Jets in Super Bowl III.[20]

Early in the 1969 season, Kapp tied an all-time record when he threw for seven touchdown passes against the defending NFL champion Colts on September 28.[21] He is tied with seven other players (Sid Luckman, Adrian Burk, George Blanda, Y. A. Tittle, Nick Foles, Peyton Manning, and Drew Brees).[22] Kapp led the Vikings to a 12–2 record, and a berth in Super Bowl IV after defeating the Los Angeles Rams 23–20 in the Western Conference championship game, and the Cleveland Browns 27–7 in the last non-Super Bowl NFL Championship game. However, he was unable to lead the team to victory in the Super Bowl, as the Vikings lost 23–7 to the Kansas City Chiefs. On July 20, 1970, Sports Illustrated dubbed Kapp "The Toughest Chicano" on the cover of its weekly magazine.[3] He received the team MVP, but refused the team MVP award, saying, "There is no one most valuable Viking. There are 40 most valuable Vikings."[23]

Prior to the 1969 season, the Vikings had exercised the option clause of his contract, so Kapp had played the entire season without a new contract. It was unusual for teams to use the team's option and not to offer a new contract prior to a season. This dispute made him a free agent for the 1970 season, by the NFL's own rules.[24][25]

Despite Kapp being a Super Bowl quarterback, no team in the NFL made contact with him until after the start of the 1970 regular season,[26] when the Boston Patriots (1–1) signed him on October 2 to a four-year contract,[27][28][29] making him the highest paid player in the league. The Patriots gave up defensive back John Charles and a 1972 first round draft pick (which was used to select linebacker Jeff Siemon) as compensation to the Vikings.[30] His first appearance for Boston was on October 11 at Kansas City, relieving starter Mike Taliaferro in the third quarter of a 23–10 loss.[31][32]

The Patriots of 1970 were a poor-performing team and the late-arriving Kapp played poorly himself that season, leading the team to the 26-team league's worst record at 2–12.[4] When the year ended, Rozelle demanded that Kapp sign a standard player contract. After conferring with his lawyer and the NFL Players Association, Kapp refused to sign.[4]

With the top pick in the 1971 NFL Draft, the Patriots selected quarterback Jim Plunkett of Stanford, the winner of the Heisman Trophy. Kapp reported to the newly renamed New England Patriots' training camp in 1971, refused to sign a standard contract, and departed.[33][34] The headlines in the Boston papers read "KAPP QUITS!".[35] After this incident Kapp never played again; his 12-year career as a professional football player was over.[7]

Kapp started an anti-trust lawsuit vs. the NFL, claiming the standard NFL contract was unconstitutional and a restraint of trade. He won the summary judgment after four years. The court had ruled that Kapp's trade was indeed restrained. It was two years later (April 1, 1976) in the trial for damages, that the jury decided that Kapp was not damaged.[36]

Although Kapp was not awarded any damages, in 1977 the rules at issue in the Kapp case were later revised, a new system was instituted, and a multimillion-dollar settlement was made between the NFL and the NFL Players Association.[37]

Post-football playing career

Acting career

In the 1970s and early 1980s, Kapp appeared in several television programs as well as theatrical film titles.[4] In most cases, the character roles were minor. Programs included Ironside,[4] The Six Million Dollar Man,[38] Adam-12,[9] Emergency!,[10] Police Woman,[9] Captains and the Kings,[39] and Medical Center.[10] Movies included Climb An Angry Mountain (1972),[39] The World's Greatest Athlete (1973),[39] The Longest Yard (1974),[38] Breakheart Pass (1975),[9] Two-Minute Warning (1976),[39] Smash-Up on Interstate 5 (1976),[39] Semi-Tough (1977),[4] The Frisco Kid (1979),[9] and Off Sides (Pigs vs. Freaks) (1984).[39]

California head coach

In 1982, Kapp was hired as the head football coach at his alma mater, the University of California, Berkeley. He had never coached before.[40]

In December 1981, Kapp made a promise to the football team that he would not consume any of his favorite alcoholic beverage, tequila, until the Golden Bears reached the Rose Bowl, which they did not under Kapp; indeed, as of 2022, the Golden Bears have yet to return to the Rose Bowl – they were Pac-10 co-champions in 2006 but a loss to USC sent them to the Holiday Bowl instead (in a 1994 interview, Kapp stated that he had resorted to drinking rum instead).[41]

Kapp had several philosophies while coaching at Cal. He called his special teams the "special forces." He told his players to play "One hundred percent for 60 minutes." He also wanted the players to have fun. On Sundays, he would have his players play a game of "garbazz", described as a mix of basketball and football where the only objective is to pass the ball downfield. There are no football rules such as offsides or forward passes.[40]

In his first year as head coach in 1982, the Golden Bears improved from 2–9 the year before to 7–4, and he was voted the Pac-10 Conference Coach of the Year.[42] The 1982 season concluded with The Play, the famous five-lateral kickoff return by Cal to score the winning touchdown on the final play of the Big Game against archrival Stanford.[43]

During the 1986 season, the Bears lost to Boston College, defeated Washington State, then lost to San Jose State. Following an embarrassing 50–18 loss at Washington on October 4, Kapp expressed frustration unzipping his pants in front of the Seattle media.[44][45][46] He was notified that he would be released after the Big Game, played in Berkeley. The Bears responded to the student section's pre-game chants of "Win one for the zipper" by beating the Gator Bowl-bound #16 Cardinal 17–11, which gave Kapp a 3–2 record in the Big Game. He was carried off the field by his players,[47] amid chanting from the student section, "We want Kapp!" echoing a cheer from his playing days with the Boston Patriots.[48]

General manager of the BC Lions

In an effort to recapture their past glory, the BC Lions of the Canadian Football League (CFL) hired Kapp as the team's new general manager in 1990. Kapp's tenure was marked by his tendency to recruit ex-NFL players such as Mark Gastineau whose best football days had passed. Kapp was fired eleven games into the Lions' schedule; his most valuable legacy was the signing of quarterback Doug Flutie, who would blossom into a star in the CFL during the 1990s.[9][49]

Sacramento Attack head coach

In 1992, Kapp was named the head coach of the Arena Football League's Los Angeles Wings,[50] but the franchise never came into existence in Los Angeles, and moved to Sacramento as the Attack.[51] The franchise went 4–6 under Kapp, losing in the first round of the playoffs to the Detroit Drive.[52] After the season, the franchise moved to Miami, Florida.[53]

Personal life

Kapp lived in Los Gatos, California, and made himself available as a guest speaker. He had a wife, four children, and four grandchildren. He was one of the owners of Kapp's Pizza Bar & Grill in Mountain View, California, which contained memorabilia from his career and closed in 2015. His son, Will, followed in his footsteps as a fullback at UC Berkeley.[54] In 2015, grandson Frank Kapp continued the Cal football tradition as a freshman tight end with the Golden Bears.[55]

Kapp and fellow Canadian Football Hall of Fame player Angelo Mosca came to blows at a 2011 Canadian Football League Alumni luncheon. The source of the bad blood between Kapp and Mosca was a hit Mosca made on Kapp's teammate Willie Fleming in the 1963 Grey Cup game. The hit, which Kapp and many others considered dirty, forced Fleming out of the game. Mosca's Tiger-Cats defeated Kapp's Lions 21–10 for the 1963 championship.[56]

Health and death

In February 2016, the San Jose Mercury News reported that Kapp was suffering from Alzheimer's disease.[57] He died from complications of the disease at a care facility in San Jose, California, on May 8, 2023, at age 85.[4][58]

Head coaching record


Year Team Overall Conference Standing Bowl/playoffs
California Golden Bears (Pacific-10 Conference) (1982–1986)
1982 California 7–4 4–4 6th
1983 California 5–5–1 3–4–1 8th
1984 California 2–9 1–8 10th
1985 California 4–7 2–7 10th
1986 California 2–9 2–7 9th
California: 20–34–1 12–30–1
Total: 20–34–1


  1. ^ "BC Lions Retired Numbers". Retrieved August 20, 2006.
  2. ^ "TSN Top 50 Honour Roll". November 28, 2006. Retrieved May 1, 2007.
  3. ^ a b c d e Kapp, Joe (July 20, 1970). "A man of machismo". Sports Illustrated. p. 26.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Goldstein, Richard (May 9, 2023). "Joe Kapp, Quarterback Who Led Vikings to Super Bowl IV, Dies at 85". The New York Times. Retrieved May 9, 2023.
  5. ^ Taylor, Dennis (October 1, 2021). "An El Sausal Legend: Joe Kapp's fiery career traced from Salinas". Voices of Monterey Bay.
  6. ^ "Golden Bear Legend Joe Kapp Passes Away | Pac-12". Retrieved May 10, 2023.
  7. ^ a b "Joe Kapp Stats". Pro Football Archives.
  8. ^ "Ex-CFL, NFL QB Joe Kapp dies at 85". CBC. May 9, 2023.
  9. ^ a b c d e f Ralph, Dan. "'Tough as nails': Remembering quarterback Joe Kapp, 'one of the all-time great' B.C. Lions". The Province. The Canadian Press.
  10. ^ a b c Halliburton, Suzanne (May 9, 2023). "Legendary Minnesota Vikings quarterback Joe Kapp dead at 85". Yardbarker.
  11. ^ "Vikings Mourn Passing of Legendary QB Joe Kapp". Retrieved May 10, 2023.
  12. ^ "Young flies from B.C. to enter Westdale Hall of Fame". The Hamilton Spectator. October 18, 2011. ISSN 1189-9417. Retrieved May 10, 2023.
  13. ^ "Former Vikings QB Joe Kapp dead at 85 after battle with dementia". Yahoo Sports. May 9, 2023. Retrieved May 10, 2023.
  14. ^ a b Craig, Mark (May 9, 2023). "Joe Kapp, first Super Bowl quarterback for the Vikings, dies at 85". Star Tribune.
  15. ^ "Jim Young". BC Sports Hall of Fame.
  16. ^ Snelgrove, Brian (August 6, 2010). "Retro Profile: Jim 'Dirty Thirty' Young". Canadian Football League.
  17. ^ A. O. L. Staff (May 9, 2023). "Former Vikings QB Joe Kapp dead at 85 after battle with dementia". Retrieved May 10, 2023.
  18. ^ "Former Vikings QB Joe Kapp dead at 85 after battle with dementia". Yahoo Sports. May 9, 2023. Retrieved May 10, 2023.
  19. ^ Flaherty, Dan (August 30, 2014). "The Story Of The 1967 Minnesota Vikings". Retrieved May 10, 2023.
  20. ^ Maule, Tex (January 20, 1969). "Say It's So, Joe: Jets upset Colts in Super Bowl III". Sports Illustrated.
  21. ^ "Kapp's 7 TD passes take kick out of Colts". Pittsburgh Press. UPI. September 29, 1969. p. 36.
  22. ^ "NFL Passing Touchdowns Single Game Leaders".
  23. ^ "Joe Kapp, NFL Quarterback". Retrieved April 8, 2002.
  24. ^ "Kapp Decides Not to Return to Vikings". The New York Times. August 7, 1970. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 10, 2023.
  25. ^ Tupa, Mike. "TupaTalk: Kapp was the relentless warrior". Bartlesville Examiner-Enterprise. Retrieved May 10, 2023.
  26. ^ "Ex-player sees move to cool off Joe Kapp". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). Associated Press. October 1, 1970. p. 19.
  27. ^ "Patriots obtain Joe Kapp; terms being worked out". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. October 2, 1970. p. 3B.
  28. ^ "Patriots sign Kapp". The Bulletin. (Bend, Oregon). UPI. October 2, 1970. p. 7.
  29. ^ "Kapp says 'We'll be a winner' after signing with Patriots". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). Associated Press. October 3, 1970. p. 10.
  30. ^ Forbes, Gordon (October 5, 1970). "Colts, Vikings Get OK to Sign Mira". Philadelphia Inquirer. p. 24. Retrieved May 10, 2023 – via
  31. ^ "Chiefs still bother Kapp; Patriots shattered, 23–10". Lawrence Daily Journal-World. (Kansas). Associated Press. October 12, 1970. p. 15.
  32. ^ "Kansas City stops Boston Pats, 23–10". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). Associated Press. October 12, 1970. p. 8.
  33. ^ "Joe Kapp leaves Patriots". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). Associated Press. July 17, 1971. p. 14.
  34. ^ "Kapp quits camp without contract". Nashua Telegraph. (New Hampshire). Associated Press. July 17, 1971. p. 13.
  35. ^ Carlson, Adam (May 9, 2023). "Remembering former Minnesota Vikings quarterback Joe Kapp". The Viking Age.
  36. ^ Times, Leonard Koppett Special to The New York (April 3, 1976). "Jury Rules Kapp Not Entitled to Damages". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 10, 2023.
  37. ^ Brady, Dave (August 9, 1978). "Court Reversal on Suit Proves Costly to Kapp". The Washington Post.
  38. ^ a b Gardner, Steve (May 9, 2023). "Joe Kapp, former Vikings quarterback and Cal coach, dies at 85". USA Today.
  39. ^ a b c d e f "Joe Kapp". Rotten Tomatoes.
  40. ^ a b Fimrite, Ron (September 1, 1983). "The Anatomy of a Miracle". Sports Illustrated. pp. 212–228.
  41. ^ Cheatham, Dan (May 3, 1994). "Interview with Joe Kapp". Cal Band Archive. Archived from the original on June 9, 2007.
  42. ^ "Golden Bear Legend Joe Kapp Passes Away". Pac-12 Conference. May 9, 2023.
  43. ^ Straka, Dean (May 9, 2023). "Joe Kapp dies at 85: Legendary former Cal player coached Bears during iconic 'The Play' moment". CBS Sports.
  44. ^ "Kapp unzipped; heat's on at Cal". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). wire services. October 7, 1986. p. 3D.
  45. ^ Cawood, Neil (October 7, 1986). "Beavers have their own problems". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). p. 3D.
  46. ^ Reilly, Rick (November 17, 1986). "Coming out of the desert darkness with the Sun Devils". Sports Illustrated. p. 32.
  47. ^ "Bears give Kapp a win for farewell". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. November 23, 1986. p. 9C.
  48. ^ Glick, Shav (November 23, 1986). "Cal's 17–11 Upset of Stanford Gives Kapp Quite a Lift". Los Angeles Times.
  49. ^ "Legendary B.C. Lions, Minnesota Vikings quarterback Joe Kapp passes away at 85". 3DownNation. May 9, 2023.
  50. ^ Lonnie White (March 6, 1992). "Joe Kapp to Coach New L.A. Team : Arena football: The sport attempts comeback in city. Club will play at Sports Arena". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 4, 2013.
  51. ^ Shav Glick (April 22, 1992). "L.A. Arena Football Team Scrubs Plans for Season". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 4, 2013.
  52. ^ "1992 Sacramento Attack (Arena)". Pro Football Archives.
  53. ^ "A Glance At The Past..." The Des Moines Register. April 25, 1993. p. 234 – via Open access icon
  54. ^ Cal Bears Archived November 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  55. ^ "Frank Kapp – Football".
  56. ^ Toni Monkovic (November 28, 2011). "Joe Kapp, the C.F.L. and a 48-Year-Old Grudge". New York Times. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
  57. ^ "The struggles of Joe Kapp: A football family copes with game's painful aftermath". February 5, 2016.
  58. ^ "Former Vikings, Cal QB Joe Kapp dies at age 85". AP NEWS. May 9, 2023. Retrieved May 10, 2023.
  59. ^ "Joe Kapp Records by Year". College Football Data Warehouse. Archived from the original on September 7, 2015 – via Wayback Machine.


  • Olsen, Jack (October 19, 1970). "He Goes Where the Trouble Is. He is Joe Kapp, wandering quarterback, and last week he was in Kansas City, playing for the Boston Patriots, who are in deep trouble. Despite Kapp, the Pats lost, but wait until the new boy learns the system". Sports Illustrated.