Kāneʻohe
Kāneʻohe
View from the Nuʻuanu Pali Lookout of Kaneʻohe
View from the Nuʻuanu Pali Lookout of Kaneʻohe
Location in Honolulu County and the state of Hawaii
Location in Honolulu County and the state of Hawaii
Kāneʻohe is located in Hawaii
Kāneʻohe
Kāneʻohe
Location in Hawaii
Coordinates: 21°24′33″N 157°47′57″W / 21.40917°N 157.79917°W / 21.40917; -157.79917
Country United States
State Hawaii
County Honolulu
Area
 • Total8.46 sq mi (21.91 km2)
 • Land6.54 sq mi (16.95 km2)
 • Water1.92 sq mi (4.97 km2)
Elevation
92 ft (28 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total37,430
 • Density5,720.62/sq mi (2,208.90/km2)
Time zoneUTC-10 (Hawaiian Standard Time HST)
ZIP code
96744
Area code808
FIPS code15-28250
GNIS feature ID0360391
Geographic oblique, view southwesterly toward Kāneʻohe from MCB Hawaii as captured from NASA World Wind

Kaneohe or Kāneʻohe (Hawaiian pronunciation: [kaːneˈʔohe]) is a census-designated place (CDP) included in the City and County of Honolulu and in Hawaiʻi state District of Koʻolaupoko on the island of Oʻahu. In the Hawaiian language, kāne ʻohe means "bamboo man". According to an ancient Hawaiian story, a local woman compared her husband's cruelty to the sharp edge of cutting bamboo; thus the place was named Kāneʻohe or "bamboo man".

The population was 37,430 at the 2020 census. Kāneʻohe is the largest of several communities along Kāneʻohe Bay and one of the two largest residential communities on the windward side of Oʻahu (the other is Kailua). The town's commercial center is spread mostly along Kamehameha Highway.

Features of note are Hoʻomaluhia Botanical Garden and the Hawaiʻi National Veterans Cemetery. Access to Kāneʻohe Bay is mainly from the public pier and boat ramp at nearby Heʻeia Kea.

History

Kāneʻohe was home to the early rulers of the Hawaiian Kingdom and consisted of 30 royal fishponds.

From ancient times, Kāneʻohe was important as an agricultural area, owing to an abundance of rainfall. It was originally an agricultural area for the growing of taro and sweet potatoes.

Today, it is mostly a residential community, with very little agriculture in evidence. The only commercial crop of any consequence in the area is banana.

Geography

Kāneʻohe is located at 21°24′33″N 157°47′57″W / 21.40917°N 157.79917°W / 21.40917; -157.79917 (21.409200, -157.799084).[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has an area of 8.5 square miles (22 km2), of which 6.6 square miles (17 km2) is land and 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2) is water. The total area is 22.80% water, consisting of a portion of Kāneʻohe Bay included in the census tract.

Climate

Kaneohe has a tropical steppe climate.

Climate data for Kaneohe, Hawaii (Marine Corps Base Hawaii) 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1942–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 89
(32)
88
(31)
95
(35)
89
(32)
88
(31)
90
(32)
93
(34)
94
(34)
95
(35)
92
(33)
91
(33)
91
(33)
95
(35)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 82.9
(28.3)
82.5
(28.1)
83.2
(28.4)
83.0
(28.3)
84.4
(29.1)
84.5
(29.2)
85.5
(29.7)
87.4
(30.8)
87.8
(31.0)
86.2
(30.1)
85.1
(29.5)
83.5
(28.6)
88.5
(31.4)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 78.5
(25.8)
78.0
(25.6)
78.3
(25.7)
79.6
(26.4)
81.0
(27.2)
82.3
(27.9)
83.4
(28.6)
84.1
(28.9)
84.1
(28.9)
83.3
(28.5)
81.2
(27.3)
79.1
(26.2)
81.1
(27.3)
Daily mean °F (°C) 73.3
(22.9)
73.2
(22.9)
73.7
(23.2)
75.2
(24.0)
76.5
(24.7)
78.1
(25.6)
79.1
(26.2)
79.8
(26.6)
79.9
(26.6)
79.1
(26.2)
76.9
(24.9)
74.7
(23.7)
76.6
(24.8)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 68.1
(20.1)
68.5
(20.3)
69.1
(20.6)
70.8
(21.6)
72.0
(22.2)
73.9
(23.3)
74.8
(23.8)
75.4
(24.1)
75.6
(24.2)
74.8
(23.8)
72.5
(22.5)
70.3
(21.3)
72.1
(22.3)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 61.7
(16.5)
61.5
(16.4)
63.7
(17.6)
65.6
(18.7)
66.9
(19.4)
70.4
(21.3)
71.3
(21.8)
71.8
(22.1)
71.9
(22.2)
70.1
(21.2)
67.0
(19.4)
64.5
(18.1)
59.7
(15.4)
Record low °F (°C) 54
(12)
55
(13)
54
(12)
60
(16)
60
(16)
66
(19)
62
(17)
68
(20)
66
(19)
61
(16)
57
(14)
55
(13)
54
(12)
Average rainfall inches (mm) 2.81
(71)
3.16
(80)
3.62
(92)
1.62
(41)
1.32
(34)
1.27
(32)
1.31
(33)
1.42
(36)
1.50
(38)
2.58
(66)
3.68
(93)
3.53
(90)
27.82
(707)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 in) 11.7 9.4 13.0 13.0 11.4 13.5 16.2 12.1 13.4 14.8 14.5 14.8 157.8
Source: NOAA[3][4]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
200034,970
202037,430
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

2000 census

As of the 2000 Census, there were 34,970 people, 10,976 households, and 8,682 families residing in Kāneʻohe. The population density was 5,320.7 inhabitants per square mile (2,054.3/km2). There were 11,472 housing units at an average density of 1,745.5 per square mile (673.9/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 20.49% White, 0.81% Black, 0.20% Native American, 38.48% Asian, 11.44% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 27.90% from two or more races. 7.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 10,976 households 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.4% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.9% were non-families. 15.4% of households were one person and 6.5% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 3.14 and the average family size was 3.48.

The age distribution was 24.6% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% 65 or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males.

The median household income was in Kāneʻohe in 2000 was $66,006, and the median family income was $71,316. Males had a median income of $40,389 versus $31,504 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $23,476. 6.1% of the population and 4.4% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 7.3% of those under the age of 18 and 4.2% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Government and infrastructure

The Honolulu Police Department operates the Kaneohe Substation in Kaneohe.[6]

Transportation

Nearby towns include Kailua to the east, reached either by Kāneʻohe Bay Drive (State Rte. 630) or Kamehameha Highway (State Rte. 83), the former also providing a connection to Marine Corps Base Hawaii, and the latter connecting to Interstate H-3 and (at Castle Junction) Pali Highway (State Rte. 61) to Honolulu. Likelike Highway (State Rte. 63) runs southwest over and through the Koʻolau to Honolulu. Likelike provides connections to Kahekili Highway (route 30) and Heʻeia, and H-3 southbound to Hālawa. The first three exits on the windward side of Interstate H-3 east (north) bound access Kāneʻohe. Kamehameha Highway runs northward from Kāneʻohe (State Rte. 830) through Heʻeia to Heʻeia Kea.

Access to Coconut Island (restricted) is from the state pier off Lilipuna Road. Marine Corps Base Hawaii lies across the south end of Kāneʻohe Bay from the central Kāneʻohe, although the town stretches along Kāneʻohe Bay Drive to the base perimeter.

Education

The Hawaii Department of Education operates the public schools.[7]

Elementary schools in Kaneohe CDP include Heʻeia,[8] Kāneʻohe,[9] Kapunahala,[10] Reverend Benjamin Parker,[11] and Pūʻōhala.[12] James B. Castle High School is in the CDP.[13]

Schools with Kaneohe postal addresses but outside the CDP include Governor Samuel Wilder King Intermediate School in Heeia CDP,[14][15] ʻĀhuimanu Elementary School adjacent to, but not in, Ahuimanu CDP,[16][17] Kahalu'u Elementary School in Kahalu'u CDP,[18][19] and Waiāhole Elementary School in Waikane.[20][21]

There is the Hakipuʻu Learning Center, a public charter school for grades 7 through 12.[citation needed]

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu operates St. Ann Catholic School, K-8, in Heeia CDP but with a Kaneohe address.[15][22]

Also within the boundaries of Kaneohe CDP are these private schools: Huakailani School for Girls (K-8),[23] Koʻolau Baptist Academy, St Mark Lutheran School, and Windward Nazarene Academy.[citation needed]

Windward Community College, part of the state college system, is on the south side of central Kāneʻohe. Hawaiʻi Pacific University operates its Windward Hawaiʻi Loa campus on Kamehameha Highway near Castle Junction.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  3. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 11, 2021.
  4. ^ "Station: Kaneohe Bay MCAS, HI". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991–2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 11, 2021.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  6. ^ "Contacting HPD Archived 2010-05-31 at the Wayback Machine." Honolulu Police Department. Retrieved on May 19, 2010.
  7. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Kaneohe CDP, HI" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-09.
    2000 Map: "CENSUS 2000 BLOCK MAP: KANEOHE CDP" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-09. - Pages: 1 and 2 - Compare with postal addresses of schools.
  8. ^ "Home". Heeia Elementary School. Retrieved 2020-10-09. 46-202 Haiku Road Kaneohe, HI 96744
  9. ^ "Home". Kaneohe Elementary School. Retrieved 2020-10-09. 45-495 Kamehameha Highway Kāne'ohe, Hawaii 96744
  10. ^ "Home". Kapunahala Elementary School. Retrieved 2020-10-09. 45-828 Anoi Road Kaneohe, HI 96744
  11. ^ "Home". Benjamin Parker Elementary School. Retrieved 2020-10-09. 45-259 Waikalua Road Kāneʻohe, HI 96744
  12. ^ "Home". Pūʻōhala School. Retrieved 2020-10-09. Pūʻōhala School 45-233 Kulauli Street Kāneʻohe, HI 96744
  13. ^ "Home". James B. Castle High School. Retrieved 2020-10-09. 45-386 Kaneohe Bay Drive Kaneohe, HI 96744
  14. ^ "Home". Governor Samuel Wilder King Intermediate School. Retrieved 2020-10-09. 46-155 Kamehameha Hwy, Kāne'ohe, HI 96744
  15. ^ a b 2010 map: "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Heeia CDP, HI" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-09.
    2000 map: "CENSUS 2000 BLOCK MAP: HEEIA CDP" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-09.
  16. ^ "Home". Āhuimanu Elementary School. Retrieved 2020-10-09. 47-470 Hui Aeko Place Kaneohe, HI 96744
  17. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Ahuimanu CDP, HI" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-10.
    2000 Map: "CENSUS 2000 BLOCK MAP: AHUIMANU CDP" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-10.
  18. ^ "Home". Kahalu'u Elementary School. Retrieved 2020-10-09. 47-280 Waihee Road Kaneohe, HI 96744
  19. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Kahaluu CDP, HI" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-10.
    2000 Census Map: "CENSUS 2000 BLOCK MAP: KAHALUU CDP" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-10.
  20. ^ "Home". Waihole Elementary School. Retrieved 2020-10-09. 48-215 Waiahole Valley Road Kaneohe, HI 96744
  21. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP (INDEX): Waikane CDP, HI" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-10. - Pages: 1, 2, 3, and 4
    2000 Map: "CENSUS 2000 BLOCK MAP: WAIKANE CDP" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-10.
  22. ^ "Home". St. Ann Catholic Church and School. Retrieved 2020-10-10. School Address 46-125 Haiku Road Kane'ohe, Hawai'i 96744
  23. ^ "Home". Huakailani School for Girls. Retrieved 2020-01-08. 45-035 Kaneohe Bay Drive, Kaneohe, Hi 96744 (YWCA Kokokahi)
  24. ^ Wu, Nina (2014-08-06). "Aloha Dalire, first Miss Aloha Hula, dies at age 64". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved 2014-08-31.
  25. ^ "Carlos Diaz Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 27, 2012.
  26. ^ "American Songbook Ann Harada" (PDF). Lincoln Center. 2014-02-22. Retrieved 2019-03-11.