Low Complexity Enhancement Video Coding MPEG-5 Part 2
Year started2018
Latest versionJune 2021
OrganizationITU-T (SG16), ISO, IEC
CommitteeISO, VCEG, MPEG
Base standardsH.261, H.262 (aka MPEG-2 Video), H.263, MPEG-1
Related standardsH.264 (aka AVC), H.265 (aka HEVC), H.266 (aka VVC)
DomainVideo compression

Low Complexity Enhancement Video Coding (LCEVC) is a ISO/IEC video coding standard developed by the Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) under the project name MPEG-5 Part 2 LCEVC.[1][2]


LCEVC specifies an enhancement layer which, when combined with a base video encoded with a separate codec, produces an enhanced video stream. The base layer is decodable by a hardware decoder, and the enhancement layer is suitable for software processing implementation with sustainable power consumption.[further explanation needed] The enhancement layer provides improved features to existing codecs, such as compression capability extension and lower encoding/decoding complexity, for live streaming or broadcasting applications.[3]

LCEVC leverages a base video codec (e.g., AVC, HEVC, VP9, AV1, EVC or VVC) and employs an efficient low-complexity enhancement that adds up to two layers of encoded residuals, along with normative signalled up-sampling methods, that correct artifacts produced by the base video codec and add detail and sharpness for the final output video.[4]

It provides additional compression efficiency to any existing or future video codec and reduces the processing complexity of encoding and decoding.[5][6]

LCEVC can be implemented with software updates for encoders and decoders, and was designed to leverage available hardware acceleration for graphics processing.[7]


It is possible for licensed users of the V-NOVA P+ codec to encode LCEVC files.[3]


In October 2018, MPEG issued a set of requirements for a new video coding standard and a Call for Proposals for Low Complexity Enhancement Video Coding.[8][9]

At IBC 2019 a preliminary implementation for encoding and decoding the forthcoming MPEG-5 Part 2 LCEVC was demonstrated.[10]

October 2020 at the 132nd MPEG meeting, LCEVC is completed reaching Final Draft stage.[11]

In April 2021, MPEG Video validated the Verification Test of LCEVC (Low Complexity Enhancement Video Coding) standard (ISO/IEC 23094-2). Test results tended to indicate an overall benefit also when using LCEVC to enhance AVC, HEVC, EVC and VVC.[12][13]

In May 2021, V-NOVA LCEVC Licensing Terms were announced for Entertainment Video Services. It is a software development kit and a wide range of reference integrations that add MPEG-5 Part 2 LCEVC (ISO/IEC 23094-2) encoding and decoding to any existing video delivery workflow. V-NOVA LCEVC is an implementation of MPEG-5 Part 2 LCEVC, the codec-agnostic (ISO/IEC) enhancement standard capable of providing higher quality at up to 40% lower bitrates than codecs used natively.[14][15]

As per Jan Ozer's report, LCEVC Technology entitled LCEVC x264 Report: Live Sports & eGames, ABR Ladder.[16]

In January 2022, SBTVD Forum approved a selection of technologies for SBTVD 3.0 which include MPEG-5 LCEVC, V-NOVA & Harmonic's submission.[17][18]

In January 2022, ISO/IEC published a set of tests and procedures to verify whether bitstreams and decoders meet normative requirements specified in the MPEG-5 LCEVC part 2 standard in order for implementers of LCEVC to be able to test the functioning and verify the conformance of their implementations.[19]

Stefano Battista, Guido Meardi, Simone Ferrara, Lorenzo Ciccarelli, Massimo Conti and Simone Orcioni are the co-authors of Low Complexity Enhancement Video Coding (LCEVC) Standard.[20] [21]

Current schedule


Licensing is free of cost per decoder or encoder, but broadcaster or encoder-side use of enhancement layers is subject to fees.[24]

LCEVC is proprietary to V-Nova and subject to V-Nova's proprietary licence. Therefore, distribution of any pre-compiled subsystem is strictly prohibited, even between group companies.[25]

See also


  1. ^ "MPEG-5 – Leonardo Chiariglione".
  2. ^ "Low Complexity Enhancement Video Coding | MPEG".
  3. ^ a b "How to Encode with LCEVC". Streaming Media Magazine. 12 March 2020.
  4. ^ Trafford-Jones, Russell (9 July 2020). "Video: Outlook on the future codec landscape". The Broadcast Knowledge.
  5. ^ "V-Nova". ATSC : NextGen TV.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ Pennington, Adrian. "2020: Crunch time for codecs". IBC.
  7. ^ "Inside MPEG's Ambitious Plan to Launch 3 Video Codecs in 2020". Streaming Media Magazine. 15 October 2019.
  8. ^ "Requirements for Low Complexity Video Coding Enhancements | MPEG".
  9. ^ "Call for Proposals for Low Complexity Video Coding Enhancements | MPEG".
  10. ^ "Introducing MPEG-5 Part 2 LCEVC" (PDF).
  11. ^ "LC EVC standard celebrates Final Draft".
  12. ^ "MPEG 134 – MPEG". MPEG Standards.
  13. ^ "MPEG validates LCEVC performance as royalties about to be made public". CSI.
  14. ^ "Nearly-polished LCEVC licensing model is real McCoy, not a decoy". Rethink.
  15. ^ "V-Nova LCEVC Royalty Structure Announced". Streaming Media Magazine. 2021-05-20.
  16. ^ Ozer, Jan (2021-04-15). "LCEVC Excels in Full Ladder Live Use Case Testing". Streaming Learning Center.
  17. ^ "Brazilian goldrush for V-Nova as LCEVC etched into SBTVD 3.0". Rethink.
  18. ^ "Fórum SBTVD | TV 3.0 Project". (in Brazilian Portuguese).
  19. ^ "Information technology — General video coding — Part 3". ISO.
  20. ^ "Battista, S., Meardi, G., Ferrara, S., Ciccarelli, L., Maurer, F., Conti, M., & Orcioni, S. (2022). Overview of the Low Complexity Enhancement Video Coding (LCEVC) Standard. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, 1–1".
  21. ^ "Battista, S., Meardi, G., Ferrara, S., Ciccarelli, L., Maurer, F., Conti, M., & Orcioni, S. (2023). Verification Test of the Low Complexity Enhancement Video Coding (LCEVC) Standard. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, 1–1".
  22. ^ "MPEG 132 – MPEG".
  23. ^ "ISO/IEC 23094-2:2021(en)".
  24. ^ "LCEVC Enhanced Video". Official LCEVC V-Nova website. 2021-08-29.
  25. ^ "FFmpeg with LCEVC". Official LCEVC V-Nova website. 2023-03-29.