List of European Cup and UEFA Champions League finals
European Cup / Champions League trophy
Founded1955
RegionEurope (UEFA)
Number of teams32 (group stage)
2 (finalists)
Current championsEngland Chelsea
(2nd title)
Most successful club(s)Spain Real Madrid
(13 titles)
2021–22 UEFA Champions League

The UEFA Champions League is a seasonal football competition established in 1955.[1] Prior to the 1992–93 season, the tournament was named the European Cup.[1] The UEFA Champions League is open to the league champions of all UEFA (Union of European Football Associations) member associations (except Liechtenstein, which has no league competition), as well as to the clubs finishing from second to fourth position in the strongest leagues.[2] Originally, only the champions of their respective national league and the defending champions of the competition were allowed to participate. However, this was changed in 1997 to allow the runners-up of the stronger leagues to compete as well, and again in 1999 when third and fourth placed teams of the said leagues also became eligible.[3] In the Champions League era, the defending champions of the competition did not automatically qualify until the rules were changed in 2005 to allow title holders Liverpool to enter the competition.[4]

Teams that have won the UEFA Champions League three consecutive times, or five times overall, receive a multiple-winner badge.[5] Six teams have earned this privilege: Real Madrid, Ajax, Bayern Munich, Milan, Liverpool, and Barcelona.[6] Until 2009, clubs that had earned that badge were allowed to keep the European Champion Clubs' Cup and a new one was commissioned;[7] since 2009, the winning team each year has received a full-size replica of the trophy, while the original is retained by UEFA.[8]

A total of 22 clubs have won the Champions League/European Cup. Real Madrid hold the record for the most victories, having won the competition thirteen times, including the inaugural edition. They have also won the competition the most consecutive times, with five straight titles from 1956 to 1960. Juventus have been runners-up the most times, losing seven finals. Atlético Madrid is the only team to reach three finals without having won the trophy while Reims and Valencia have finished as runners-up twice without winning. Spain has provided the most champions, with eighteen wins from two clubs.[9] England have produced fourteen winners from five clubs and Italy have produced twelve winners from three clubs. English teams were banned from the competition for five years following the Heysel disaster in 1985.[10] The current champions are Chelsea, who beat Manchester City 1–0 in the 2021 final.[11]

List of finals

Key
dagger Match was won during extra time
* Match was won on a penalty shoot-out
& Match was won after a replay
List of European Cup and UEFA Champions League finals[11]
Season Winners Score Runners-up Venue Attend­ance[12]
Nation Team Nation Team
1955–56  ESP Real Madrid 4–3  FRA Reims Parc des Princes, Paris, France 38,239
1956–57  ESP Real Madrid 2–0  ITA Fiorentina Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid, Spain 124,000
1957–58  ESP Real Madrid 3–2dagger  ITA Milan Heysel Stadium, Brussels, Belgium 67,000
1958–59  ESP Real Madrid 2–0  FRA Reims Neckarstadion, Stuttgart, West Germany 72,000
1959–60  ESP Real Madrid 7–3  GER Eintracht Frankfurt Hampden Park, Glasgow, Scotland 127,621
1960–61  POR Benfica 3–2  ESP Barcelona Wankdorf Stadium, Bern, Switzerland 26,732
1961–62  POR Benfica 5–3  ESP Real Madrid Olympisch Stadion, Amsterdam, Netherlands 61,257
1962–63  ITA Milan 2–1  POR Benfica Wembley Stadium, London, England 45,715
1963–64  ITA Inter Milan 3–1  ESP Real Madrid Praterstadion, Vienna, Austria 71,333
1964–65  ITA Inter Milan 1–0  POR Benfica San Siro, Milan, Italy 89,000
1965–66  ESP Real Madrid 2–1  YUG Partizan Heysel Stadium, Brussels, Belgium 46,745
1966–67  SCO Celtic 2–1  ITA Inter Milan Estádio Nacional, Lisbon, Portugal 45,000
1967–68  ENG Manchester United 4–1dagger  POR Benfica Wembley Stadium, London, England 92,225
1968–69  ITA Milan 4–1  NED Ajax Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid, Spain 31,782
1969–70  NED Feyenoord 2–1dagger  SCO Celtic San Siro, Milan, Italy 53,187
1970–71  NED Ajax 2–0  GRE Panathinaikos Wembley Stadium, London, England 83,179
1971–72  NED Ajax 2–0  ITA Inter Milan De Kuip, Rotterdam, Netherlands 61,354
1972–73  NED Ajax 1–0  ITA Juventus Red Star Stadium, Belgrade, SFR Yugoslavia 89,484
1973–74  GER Bayern Munich 4–0&[a]  ESP Atlético Madrid Heysel Stadium, Brussels, Belgium 72,047[b]
1974–75  GER Bayern Munich 2–0  ENG Leeds United Parc des Princes, Paris, France 48,374
1975–76  GER Bayern Munich 1–0  FRA Saint-Étienne Hampden Park, Glasgow, Scotland 54,864
1976–77  ENG Liverpool 3–1  GER Borussia Mönchengladbach Stadio Olimpico, Rome, Italy 57,000
1977–78  ENG Liverpool 1–0  BEL Club Brugge Wembley Stadium, London, England 92,500
1978–79  ENG Nottingham Forest 1–0  SWE Malmö FF Olympiastadion, Munich, West Germany 57,500
1979–80  ENG Nottingham Forest 1–0  GER Hamburger SV Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid, Spain 51,000
1980–81  ENG Liverpool 1–0  ESP Real Madrid Parc des Princes, Paris, France 48,360
1981–82  ENG Aston Villa 1–0  GER Bayern Munich De Kuip, Rotterdam, Netherlands 46,000
1982–83  GER Hamburger SV 1–0  ITA Juventus Olympic Stadium, Athens, Greece 73,500
1983–84  ENG Liverpool 1–1*[c]  ITA Roma Stadio Olimpico, Rome, Italy 69,693
1984–85  ITA Juventus 1–0  ENG Liverpool Heysel Stadium, Brussels, Belgium 58,000
1985–86  ROU Steaua București 0–0*[d]  ESP Barcelona Ramón Sánchez Pizjuán, Seville, Spain 70,000
1986–87  POR Porto 2–1  GER Bayern Munich Praterstadion, Vienna, Austria 57,500
1987–88  NED PSV Eindhoven 0–0*[e]  POR Benfica Neckarstadion, Stuttgart, West Germany 68,000
1988–89  ITA Milan 4–0  ROU Steaua București Camp Nou, Barcelona, Spain 97,000
1989–90  ITA Milan 1–0  POR Benfica Praterstadion, Vienna, Austria 57,558
1990–91  YUG Red Star Belgrade 0–0*[f]  FRA Marseille Stadio San Nicola, Bari, Italy 56,000
1991–92  ESP Barcelona 1–0dagger  ITA Sampdoria Wembley Stadium, London, England 70,827
1992–93  FRA Marseille 1–0  ITA Milan Olympiastadion, Munich, Germany 64,400
1993–94  ITA Milan 4–0  ESP Barcelona Olympic Stadium, Athens, Greece 70,000
1994–95  NED Ajax 1–0  ITA Milan Ernst-Happel-Stadion, Vienna, Austria 49,730
1995–96  ITA Juventus 1–1*[g]  NED Ajax Stadio Olimpico, Rome, Italy 70,000
1996–97  GER Borussia Dortmund 3–1  ITA Juventus Olympiastadion, Munich, Germany 59,000
1997–98  ESP Real Madrid 1–0  ITA Juventus Amsterdam Arena, Amsterdam, Netherlands 48,500
1998–99  ENG Manchester United 2–1  GER Bayern Munich Camp Nou, Barcelona, Spain 90,245
1999–2000  ESP Real Madrid 3–0  ESP Valencia Stade de France, Saint-Denis, France 80,000
2000–01  GER Bayern Munich 1–1*[h]  ESP Valencia San Siro, Milan, Italy 71,500
2001–02  ESP Real Madrid 2–1  GER Bayer Leverkusen Hampden Park, Glasgow, Scotland 50,499
2002–03  ITA Milan 0–0*[i]  ITA Juventus Old Trafford, Manchester, England 62,315
2003–04  POR Porto 3–0  FRA Monaco Arena AufSchalke, Gelsenkirchen, Germany 53,053
2004–05  ENG Liverpool 3–3*[j]  ITA Milan Atatürk Olympic Stadium, Istanbul, Turkey 69,000
2005–06  ESP Barcelona 2–1  ENG Arsenal Stade de France, Saint-Denis, France 79,610
2006–07  ITA Milan 2–1  ENG Liverpool Olympic Stadium, Athens, Greece 63,000
2007–08  ENG Manchester United 1–1*[k]  ENG Chelsea Luzhniki Stadium, Moscow, Russia 67,310
2008–09  ESP Barcelona 2–0  ENG Manchester United Stadio Olimpico, Rome, Italy 62,467
2009–10  ITA Inter Milan 2–0  GER Bayern Munich Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid, Spain 73,490
2010–11  ESP Barcelona 3–1  ENG Manchester United Wembley Stadium, London, England 87,695
2011–12  ENG Chelsea 1–1*[l]  GER Bayern Munich Allianz Arena, Munich, Germany 62,500
2012–13  GER Bayern Munich 2–1  GER Borussia Dortmund Wembley Stadium, London, England 86,298
2013–14  ESP Real Madrid 4–1dagger  ESP Atlético Madrid Estádio da Luz, Lisbon, Portugal 60,976
2014–15  ESP Barcelona 3–1  ITA Juventus Olympiastadion, Berlin, Germany 70,442
2015–16  ESP Real Madrid 1–1*[m]  ESP Atlético Madrid San Siro, Milan, Italy 71,942
2016–17  ESP Real Madrid 4–1  ITA Juventus Millennium Stadium, Cardiff, Wales 65,842
2017–18  ESP Real Madrid 3–1  ENG Liverpool NSC Olimpiyskiy Stadium, Kyiv, Ukraine 61,561
2018–19  ENG Liverpool 2–0  ENG Tottenham Hotspur Metropolitano Stadium, Madrid, Spain 63,272
2019–20  GER Bayern Munich 1–0  FRA Paris Saint-Germain Estádio da Luz, Lisbon, Portugal[n] 0[o]
2020–21  ENG Chelsea 1–0  ENG Manchester City Estádio do Dragão, Porto, Portugal[p] 14,110
Upcoming finals
Season Finalist Match Finalist Venue
Nation Team Nation Team
2021–22 v Krestovsky Stadium, Saint Petersburg, Russia
2022–23 v Atatürk Olympic Stadium, Istanbul, Turkey[q]
2023–24 v Wembley Stadium, London, England
2024–25 v Allianz Arena, Munich, Germany[q]

Performances

See also: European Cup and UEFA Champions League records and statistics § General performances

By club

Performances in the European Cup and UEFA Champions League by club
Club Title(s) Runners-up Seasons won Seasons runner-up
Spain Real Madrid 13 3 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1966, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2014, 2016, 2017, 2018 1962, 1964, 1981
Italy Milan 7 4 1963, 1969, 1989, 1990, 1994, 2003, 2007 1958, 1993, 1995, 2005
Germany Bayern Munich 6 5 1974, 1975, 1976, 2001, 2013, 2020 1982, 1987, 1999, 2010, 2012
England Liverpool 6 3 1977, 1978, 1981, 1984, 2005, 2019 1985, 2007, 2018
Spain Barcelona 5 3 1992, 2006, 2009, 2011, 2015 1961, 1986, 1994
Netherlands Ajax 4 2 1971, 1972, 1973, 1995 1969, 1996
England Manchester United 3 2 1968, 1999, 2008 2009, 2011
Italy Inter Milan 3 2 1964, 1965, 2010 1967, 1972
Italy Juventus 2 7 1985, 1996 1973, 1983, 1997, 1998, 2003, 2015, 2017
Portugal Benfica 2 5 1961, 1962 1963, 1965, 1968, 1988, 1990
England Chelsea 2 1 2012, 2021 2008
England Nottingham Forest 2 0 1979, 1980
Portugal Porto 2 0 1987, 2004
Scotland Celtic 1 1 1967 1970
Germany Hamburger SV 1 1 1983 1980
Romania Steaua București 1 1 1986 1989
France Marseille 1 1 1993 1991
Germany Borussia Dortmund 1 1 1997 2013
Netherlands Feyenoord 1 0 1970
England Aston Villa 1 0 1982
Netherlands PSV Eindhoven 1 0 1988
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade 1 0 1991
Spain Atlético Madrid 0 3 1974, 2014, 2016
France Reims 0 2 1956, 1959
Spain Valencia 0 2 2000, 2001
Italy Fiorentina 0 1 1957
Germany Eintracht Frankfurt 0 1 1960
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Partizan 0 1 1966
Greece Panathinaikos 0 1 1971
England Leeds United 0 1 1975
France Saint-Étienne 0 1 1976
Germany Borussia Mönchengladbach 0 1 1977
Belgium Club Brugge 0 1 1978
Sweden Malmö FF 0 1 1979
Italy Roma 0 1 1984
Italy Sampdoria 0 1 1992
Germany Bayer Leverkusen 0 1 2002
France Monaco 0 1 2004
England Arsenal 0 1 2006
England Tottenham Hotspur 0 1 2019
France Paris Saint-Germain 0 1 2020
England Manchester City 0 1 2021

By nation

Teams from thirteen nations have been to a Champions League final, and teams from ten of those have won the competition. Since the 1995–96 season, other than Porto's win in 2003–04, the winners have come from one of only four nations – Spain (11), England (6), Germany (4) and Italy (4) – and other than Monaco in 2003–04 and Paris Saint-Germain in 2019–20, the runners-up have all come from the same four nations.

Performances in finals by nation
Nation Titles Runners-up Total
 Spain 18 11 29
 England 14 10 24
 Italy 12 16 28
 Germany[r] 8 10 18
 Netherlands 6 2 8
 Portugal 4 5 9
 France 1 6 7
 Romania 1 1 2
 Scotland 1 1 2
 Yugoslavia[s] 1 1 2
 Belgium 0 1 1
 Greece 0 1 1
 Sweden 0 1 1

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The first final, played two days earlier, ended 1–1 after extra time.[13]
  2. ^ 48,722 in the first match, 23,325 in the replay.
  3. ^ Score was 1–1 after 90 minutes and extra time. Liverpool won the penalty shoot-out 4–2.[14]
  4. ^ Score was 0–0 after 90 minutes and extra time. Steaua București won the penalty shoot-out 2–0.[15]
  5. ^ Score was 0–0 after 90 minutes and extra time. PSV Eindhoven won the penalty shoot-out 6–5.[16]
  6. ^ Score was 0–0 after 90 minutes and extra time. Red Star Belgrade won the penalty shoot-out 5–3.[17]
  7. ^ Score was 1–1 after 90 minutes and extra time. Juventus won the penalty shoot-out 4–2.[18]
  8. ^ Score was 1–1 after 90 minutes and extra time. Bayern Munich won the penalty shoot-out 5–4.[19]
  9. ^ Score was 0–0 after 90 minutes and extra time. A.C. Milan won the penalty shoot-out 3–2.[20]
  10. ^ Score was 3–3 after 90 minutes and extra time. Liverpool won the penalty shoot-out 3–2.[21]
  11. ^ Score was 1–1 after 90 minutes and extra time. Manchester United won the penalty shoot-out 6–5.[22]
  12. ^ Score was 1–1 after 90 minutes and extra time. Chelsea won the penalty shoot-out 4–3.[23]
  13. ^ Score was 1–1 after 90 minutes and extra time. Real Madrid won the penalty shoot-out 5–3.[24]
  14. ^ The match was originally planned to be held at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium, Istanbul, Turkey, but was moved due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey.[25]
  15. ^ The 2020 final was played behind closed doors due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe.[26]
  16. ^ The match was originally planned to be held at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium, Istanbul, Turkey, but was moved due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey.[27] Previously, it was relocated from Krestovsky Stadium, Saint Petersburg, Russia.[28]
  17. ^ a b The match was originally planned to be held at the Allianz Arena, Munich, Germany, but was moved to Istanbul, with Munich hosting the 2025 final.[29]
  18. ^ Includes clubs representing West Germany. No clubs representing East Germany appeared in a final.
  19. ^ Both Yugoslav final appearances were by clubs from SR Serbia

References

General

Specific

  1. ^ a b "Competition history". UEFA. Archived from the original on 22 November 2017. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Access list" (PDF). UEFA.com. 30 July 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on 28 February 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2020.
  3. ^ "1997/98: Seventh heaven for Madrid". UEFA. 30 April 2010. Archived from the original on 26 October 2012. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
  4. ^ "Liverpool get in Champions League". BBC Sport. 10 June 2005. Archived from the original on 12 January 2016. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
  5. ^ "UEFA Champions League Museum" (PDF). UEFA. p. 10. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 November 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
  6. ^ Vieli, André, ed. (October 2005). "A brand-new trophy" (PDF). UEFA Direct. UEFA (42): 8. Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 March 2016. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
  7. ^ "Regulations of the UEFA Champions League 2007/08" (PDF). UEFA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 March 2007. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
  8. ^ "Regulations of the UEFA Champions' League 2009/10" (PDF). UEFA. Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 July 2016. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  9. ^ Haslam, Andrew (27 May 2009). "Spain savour European pre-eminence". UEFA. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
  10. ^ "1985: English teams banned after Heysel". BBC News. 31 May 1985. Archived from the original on 8 June 2017. Retrieved 8 August 2006.
  11. ^ a b "UEFA Champions League Finals 1956–2020". RSSSF.com. Retrieved 12 March 2021.
  12. ^ "UEFA Champions League – Statistics Handbook 2012/13" (PDF). UEFA. p. 141. Archived (PDF) from the original on 25 February 2019. Retrieved 22 September 2013.
  13. ^ "1973/74 Season". UEFA. 15 May 1974. Archived from the original on 15 June 2020. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  14. ^ "1983/84: Kennedy spot on for Liverpool". UEFA. 30 May 1984. Archived from the original on 13 July 2017. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  15. ^ "1985/86: Steaua stun Barcelona". UEFA. 7 May 1986. Archived from the original on 28 May 2020. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  16. ^ "1987/88: PSV prosper from Oranje boom". UEFA. 25 May 1988. Archived from the original on 21 February 2018. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  17. ^ "1990/91: Crvena Zvezda spot on". UEFA. 29 May 1991. Archived from the original on 13 March 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  18. ^ "1995/96: Juve hold their nerve". UEFA. 22 May 1996. Archived from the original on 15 February 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  19. ^ "2000/01: Kahn saves day for Bayern". UEFA. 23 May 2001. Archived from the original on 27 March 2016. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  20. ^ "2002/03: Shevchenko spot on for Milan". UEFA. 28 May 2003. Archived from the original on 18 February 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  21. ^ "2004/05: Liverpool belief defies Milan". UEFA. 25 May 2005. Archived from the original on 18 February 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  22. ^ "2007/08: Fate favours triumphant United". UEFA. 21 May 2008. Archived from the original on 18 February 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  23. ^ "Shoot-out win ends Chelsea's long wait for glory". UEFA. 19 May 2012. Archived from the original on 22 May 2012. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
  24. ^ "Spot-on Real Madrid defeat Atlético in final again". UEFA. 28 May 2016. Archived from the original on 10 January 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
  25. ^ Sport, Sky. "Uefa, Final Eight di Champions a Lisbona". sport.sky.it (in Italian). Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  26. ^ "Venues for Round of 16 matches confirmed". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 9 July 2020. Archived from the original on 9 August 2020. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  27. ^ "UEFA Champions League final to move to Portugal to allow 6,000 fans of each team to attend". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 13 May 2021. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  28. ^ "UEFA competitions to resume in August". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 17 June 2020. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  29. ^ "Venues appointed for club competition finals". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 16 July 2021. Retrieved 16 July 2021.