Although many species have been to space, only a few have landed on the Moon. This is a list of species that have landed on the Moon, only including landings in which the payload survived. This list currently contains 10 species.

List

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (November 2023)
Species Number Mission(s) First landing date References
Human 12 Apollo 11, Apollo 12, Apollo 14, Apollo 15, Apollo 16, Apollo 17 20 July 1969 [1][2][3][4]
Silkworm 1+ Chang'e 4 3 January 2019 [5][6][7][8]
Tardigrade 1000+ Beresheet 11 April 2019 [9][10][11]
Potato 1+ Chang'e 4 3 January 2019 [5][6][7][8]
Arabidopsis 1+ Chang'e 4 3 January 2019 [5][6][7][8]
Rapeseed 1+ Chang'e 4 3 January 2019 [5][6][7][8]
Cotton 1+ Chang'e 4 3 January 2019 [5][6][7][8]
Yeast 1+ Chang'e 4 3 January 2019 [5][6][7][8]
Fruit fly 1+ Chang'e 4 3 January 2019 [5][6][7][8]
Bacteria 1+ Chang'e 4 3 January 2019 [5][6][7][8]

Future missions

These are future missions that plan to send additional organisms to the Moon.

Artemis 3

Main article: Artemis 3

In 2025, NASA plans to send four astronauts to the Moon, would include the first woman and the first person of color to land on the Moon. They would be the first human landing on the Moon in more than 50 years, since the 1972 Apollo 17 mission.[12]

ALEPH-1

Main article: Beresheet 2

After the failed landing of Beresheet in 2019, which resulted in a crash, spilling thousands of tardigades onto the Moon, Lunaria One, an Australian organization, plans to send plants such as resurrection grass with the Israeli spacecraft Beresheet 2 to the Moon in 2025.[13][14]

Species that have orbited or circled the Moon without landing

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (November 2023)

Besides humans, animals to have orbited or circled the Moon without landing include tortoises or turtles on Zond 5 (1968), Zond 6 (1968), and Zond 7 (1969), fruit flies on Zond 5, and five mice, Fe, Fi, Fo, Fum, and Phooey, who traveled in the 1972 Apollo 17 Command Module America with astronaut Ronald Evans and still hold the record for the most orbits of the Moon (75).

See also

Notes

  1. Some species are not specified due to inadequate information.
  2. The number of some species is not specified due to inadequate information.
  3. ALEPH-1 is the mission, Beresheet 2 is the spacecraft.

References

  1. ^ "Apollo 11 Mission Overview - NASA". 2015-04-17. Retrieved 2023-10-19.
  2. ^ "Who Has Walked on the Moon? - NASA Science". science.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2023-10-19.
  3. ^ "Apollo 11 | History, Mission, Landing, Astronauts, Pictures, Spacecraft, & Facts". britannica.com. Retrieved 2023-10-19.
  4. ^ "Timeline of the Apollo Space Missions". britannica.com. Retrieved 2023-10-20.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "NASA - NSSDCA - Spacecraft - Details". nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2023-10-19.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h "Comsat Launch Bolsters China's Dreams for Landing on the Moon's Far Side - Scientific American". Scientific American. 2018-11-29. Archived from the original on 2018-11-29. Retrieved 2023-10-19.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "China Moon mission lands Chang'e-4 spacecraft on far side". BBC News. 2019-01-02. Retrieved 2023-10-20.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h "Chang'e 4 landing marks start of new China-US space race". South China Morning Post. 2019-01-03. Retrieved 2023-10-20.
  9. ^ "Beresheet - NASA Science". science.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2023-10-19.
  10. ^ "Tardigrades: 'Water bears' stuck on the moon after crash". BBC News. 2019-08-07. Retrieved 2023-10-19.
  11. ^ Resnick, Brian (2019-08-06). "Tardigrades, the toughest animals on Earth, have crash-landed on the moon". Vox. Retrieved 2023-10-19.
  12. ^ "Artemis III: NASA's First Human Mission to the Lunar South Pole - NASA". 2023-01-13. Retrieved 2023-10-20.
  13. ^ Elizabeth Rayne (2022-10-20). "Seeds launching to the moon in 2025 will test plant resilience". Space.com. Retrieved 2023-10-20.
  14. ^ "Australia seeks to grow plants on moon by 2025". phys.org. Retrieved 2023-10-20.