Template:Infobox Spacecraft Chandrayaan II (Sanskrit: चंद्रयान-II, lit: Lunar Craft), is the second unmanned lunar exploration mission by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). The mission includes a lunar orbiter as well as an rover[1][2].

According to ISRO Chairman G. Madhavan Nair, "The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) hopes to land a motorised rover on the Moon in 2010 or 2011, as a part of its second Chandrayaan mission. The rover will be designed to move on wheels on the lunar surface, pick up samples of soil or rocks, do on site chemical analysis and send the data to the mother-spacecraft Chandrayaan II, which will be orbiting above. Chandrayaan II will transmit the data to Earth." [3] After the launch of Chandrayaan I on 22 October 2008, Nair mentioned that the probably launch of Chandrayaan II would be end 2009 or early 2010. [4]

On November 12, 2007, representatives of the Russian Federal Space Agency and ISRO signed an agreement for the two agencies to work together on the Chandrayaan II project.[5][2]

Chandrayaan II will consist of the spacecraft itself and a landing platform with the Moon rover. The platform with the rover will detach from the orbiter after the spacecraft reaches its orbit above the Moon, and land on lunar soil. Then the rover will roll out of the platform. Mylswamy Annadurai, Project Director, Chandrayaan I, said: "Chandrayaan II will carry a semi-hard or soft-landing system. A motorised rover will be released on the Moon's surface from the lander. The location for the lander will be identified using Chandrayaan I data."

The rover will weigh between 30 kg and 100 kg, depending on whether it is to do a semi-hard landing or soft landing. The rover will have an operating life-span of one month. It will run predominantly on solar power.

References

  1. ^ "Chandrayaan-II to be finalised in 6 months". The Hindu. 2007-09-07. Retrieved 2008-10-22. ((cite news)): Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. ^ a b "Centre approves Chandrayaan II". Deccan Herald. 2008-09-19. Retrieved 2008-10-22. ((cite news)): Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. ^ "ISRO plans moon rover". The Hindu. 2007-01-04. Retrieved 2008-10-22. ((cite news)): Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. ^ "Chandrayaan-2 likely next year end or 2010: ISRO". The Hindu. 2008-10-22. Retrieved 2008-10-22. ((cite news)): Check date values in: |date= (help)
  5. ^ "India, Russia to expand n-cooperation, defer Kudankulam deal". Earthtimes.org.