Mission typeRemote Sensing
OperatorSTUDSAT Consortium
COSPAR ID2010-035B [1]
SATCAT no.36796
Mission duration6 months (planned)
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeCubeSat
ManufacturerConsortium of 7 Engineering Colleges from Bangalore (4) and Hyderabad (3)
Launch mass0.950 kg (2.09 lb)
Dimensions10 cm x 10 cm x 13.5 cm
Start of mission
Launch date12 July 2010, 03:52:00 UTC[2]
RocketPolar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C15)
Launch siteSatish Dhawan, FLP
End of mission
Last contact2011
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric orbit[3]
RegimeSun-synchronous orbit
Perigee altitude602.5 km
Apogee altitude620.4 km
Period96.8 minutes

STUDSAT (STUDent SATellite),[1] is a CubeSat satellite designed by students. This project was conceptualised and project managed by undergraduate students across India.[4] STUDSAT is a picosatellite successfully launched on 12 July 2010 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre into a Sun-synchronous orbit. The mission's objective was for students to have a hands-on experience with the design, fabrication and realisation of a space mission at a minimum cost. Experimental in nature, the mission life was stated to be six months.

STUDSAT was the first picosatellite launched by India, as well as the smallest satellite launched indigenously by any Indian organisation.[5]


The project was initiated by a group of four students from different Engineering colleges of Hyderabad and Bangalore who attended International Astronautical Congress (IAC), 2007, Hyderabad, India after meeting Mr. D. V. A. Raghavamurthy (project director, Small Satellites, ISRO Satellite Centre) at the congress. From then the team expanded slowly, ultimately completing the conceptual design. Following the financial budget analysis, the students approached the management of their respective colleges for sponsorship. The colleges, in turn, approached Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) for preliminary review of the project. ISRO scientists approved the preliminary design review after having a set of meetings with detailed presentations by the students. The initial four member team expanded to around 45 students from 10 different colleges. Seven of the colleges formed a consortium to provide the financial sponsorship for the project. The colleges are bound by an internal Memorandum of understanding (MOU), led by Nitte Meenakshi Institute of Technology, Bangalore as representative college to sign an official Memorandum of understanding with ISRO. The project team is led by Dr. Jharna Majumdar as the project coordinator.[6]

STUDSAT is successfully placed in the orbit and received the first signal on 12 July 2010 at 11:07 am IST (??:07 UTC).

Studsat consortium

STUDSAT consortium consists of seven Engineering colleges from Hyderabad and Bangalore bound by a Memorandum of understanding in order to sponsor the project financially. The consortium comprises the following colleges:


The satellite resembles a small rectangular cube, with length dimensions of 10 cm x 10 cm x 13.5 cm, a weight of almost 950 g. The satellite was launched in 625 km Sun-synchronous orbit. The satellite will perform the function of a remote sensing satellite and take images of Earth's surface with a resolution of 90 meter, the best achieved by any "PICO" category satellite in the world.

The satellite consists of the following subsystems:

A ground station[7] has been designed in order to communicate with the satellite. The ground station NASTRAC (Nitte Amateur Satellite Tracking Centre) which is established in Nitte Meenakshi Institute of Technology (NMIT) was inaugurated by Dr K. Radhakrishnan, the current chairman of ISRO.[8] All the above subsystems are designed by students indigenously.

Current status

The satellite has completed its mission life. The CDR was conducted in NMIT where several scientists notably Prof. Udupi Ramachandra Rao former chairman of ISRO have evaluated the design.[9] The CDR had been approved by ISRO. The satellite was launched by Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C15) on 12 July 2010. The team had taken over control of the satellite from the ground station established at Nitte Meenakshi Institute of Technology (NMIT) in Bangalore. The satellite is no longer in contact with the ground station.

Two Line Element Set (TLE) of StudSat-1 are:

Source: AFSPC


The Team STUDSAT is continuing the legacy and building twin nanosatellite for proving the concept of Inter-satellite links (ISL). The design of the Twin-Satellites STUDSAT-2A and STUDSAT-2B, are of dimensions 30 cm x 30 cm x 20 cm and weighing less than 10 kg. The main goal of the STUDSAT 2 project is to develop a low-cost small satellite, capable of operating small scientific or technological payloads where real time connectivity is provided by inter-satellite links.


The team has presented a paper titled "Studsat-A Student Pico-Satellite for Imaging" in International Astronautical Congress, 2008 which was held in Glasgow, Scotland.[10] The team won Hans Von Muldau Award for the best team project awarded by International Astronautical Federation (IAF) and sponsored by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Luft- und Raumfahrt.[11] The Team has also done a National Record (India) by entering into LIMCA BOOK of RECORDS-2011 Edition for creating the smallest Indian satellite.

See also


  1. ^ a b "Display: STUDSAT 2010-035B". NASA. 14 May 2020. Retrieved 23 January 2021. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ "PSLV to launch five satellites on July 12". The Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 2 July 2010.
  3. ^ "STUDSAT". Retrieved 23 January 2021.
  4. ^ Krebs, Gunter D. "STUDSAT". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 10 December 2022.
  5. ^ "Engg students creating India's smallest satellite". The Times of India. 12 August 2009. Archived from the original on 4 November 2012.
  6. ^ "City students to launch eye in the sky". Archived from the original on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  7. ^ "IARU Sat Coordinator". Archived from the original on 19 April 2010. Retrieved 31 March 2010.
  8. ^ "Students' satellite project all set to take off". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 2 April 2010. Retrieved 23 January 2021.
  9. ^ "City students to launch eye in the sky". 10 August 2009. Archived from the original on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  10. ^ "ISRO Sponsors Two Indian Students to participate in 59th IAC at Glasgow". Archived from the original on 23 September 2008. Retrieved 12 September 2009.
  11. ^ "Engg students creating India's smallest satellite". The Times Of India. 12 August 2009. Retrieved 23 January 2021.