Render of Cartosat-3 satellite in deployed configuration
Mission typeEarth Observation
COSPAR ID2019-081A Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.44804
Mission duration5 years (planned)
4 years, 7 months and 8 days (in progress)
Spacecraft properties
ManufacturerIndian Space Research Organisation
Launch mass1,625 kg (3,583 lb) [1]
Power2000 watts
Start of mission
Launch date27 November 2019, 03:58 UTC[2]
RocketPolar Satellite Launch Vehicle-XL, PSLV-C47
Launch siteSatish Dhawan Space Centre, Second Launch Pad (SLP)
ContractorIndian Space Research Organisation
Entered service24 February 2020
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric orbit
RegimeSun-synchronous orbit
Periapsis altitude450 km (280 mi)
Apoapsis altitude450 km (280 mi)
Period100.0 minutes
Panchromatic Camera (PAN)
Multispectral VNIR (MX)
Cartosat-3A →

Cartosat-3 is an advanced Indian Earth observation satellite built and developed by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), which replaces the Indian Remote Sensing Satellite (IRS) series. It has a panchromatic resolution of 0.25 metres making it one of the imaging satellite with highest resolution in the world at the time of launch and MX of 1 metre with a high quality resolution which is a major improvement from the previous payloads in the Cartosat series.[3][4][5]

Potential uses include weather mapping, cartography or defence, and strategic applications.[3]


Cartosat-3 has a resolution of 25 cm (10").[6] It uses 1.2 m optics with 60% of weight removal compared to Cartosat-2. Other features include the use of adaptive optics, acousto optical devices, in-orbit focusing using MEMs and large area-light weight mirrors and advanced sense with a high quality resolution. It has a planned mission life of 5 years.[7] Approved cost of Cartosat-3 is 351.16 crore (US$42 million).[8] It captures Panchromatic and Multispectral images with spectral bandwidth from 0.45 - 0.9 μm which includes visible blue (0.45 - 0.52 μm), visible green (0.52 - 0.59 μm), visible red (0.62 - 0.68 μm) and near IR (0.77 - 0.86 μm).[9]


Cartosat-3 is the 3rd generation of high-resolution imaging satellites developed by ISRO.[10] It was developed in response to increased demand for imaging services to address urban planning, rural resource and infrastructure development needs.[11]


PSLV-C47 lifting off from Second Launch Pad (SLP) with Cartosat-3.

PSLV-C47 carrying Cartosat-3 was launched on 27 November 2019 at 03:58 UTC using XL variant of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle from the Second Launch Pad (SLP) of Satish Dhawan Space Centre into a Sun-synchronous orbit of 450 kilometers. Thirteen commercial ride-sharing 3U cubesats including twelve SuperDoves (Flock-4p)[12] by Planet Labs and one Meshbed by Analytical Space of United States were also put in orbit using the same launch vehicle.[7][13] Commercial ride-share was arranged by NewSpace India Limited, Spaceflight Industries and ISILaunch.[14][15]

See also


  1. ^ "PSLV C47/Cartosat-3 Mission Launch Kit" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 November 2019. Retrieved 27 November 2019.
  2. ^ "PSLV-C47 successfully launches Cartosat-3 and 13 Commercial nanosatellites into Sun-Synchronous Polar Orbit". Archived from the original on 27 November 2019. Retrieved 27 November 2019.
  3. ^ a b Prasad, Narayan (28 November 2019). "Cartosat-3 in space — here is how ISRO can now exploit its full potential". The Print. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  4. ^ "ISRO reschedules CARTOSAT 3 launch to November 27". Economic Times. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  5. ^ Vaitheesvaran, Bharani (22 November 2019). "ISRO's Cartosat-3 launch next week". Economic Times. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  6. ^ N. Gopal Raj. "ISRO plans a new high-resolution earth satellite". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 19 January 2018. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  7. ^ a b "ISRO's tracking centre assumes control of CARTOSAT-3". The Hindu. 27 November 2019. Retrieved 27 November 2019.
  8. ^ "Government of India, Department of Space, Lok Sabha: Starred Question No. 232 to be answered on Wednesday, August 04, 2021" (PDF). 4 August 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 August 2021. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  9. ^ "Cartosat 3 nrsc" (PDF).
  10. ^ "PSLV-C47 / Cartosat-3 Mission". Archived from the original on 28 November 2019. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  11. ^ "Cartosat-3". Archived from the original on 3 December 2019. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  12. ^ "12 SuperDove Satellites Hitching a Ride to Orbit on the PSLV". Retrieved 27 November 2019.
  13. ^ Clark, Stephen. "PSLV delivers India's highest-resolution Earth observation satellite to orbit". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 27 November 2019.
  14. ^ "Successful ISILAUNCH29 campaign". ISILaunch. 27 November 2019. Retrieved 27 November 2019.
  15. ^ "Getting Meshbed to Space!". Spaceflight. 14 October 2019. Retrieved 27 November 2019.