This page provides a list summary of the launches taken place in Satish Dhawan Space Centre. It is the main satellite launch centre for the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). It is located in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, 80 km (50 mi) north of Chennai. Originally called Sriharikota Range[1] (SHAR), an acronym that ISRO has retained to the present day. The centre was renamed in 2002 after the death of ISRO's former chairman Satish Dhawan.

Launch statistics

As of 1 January 2024, there have been a total of 94 launches from the three main orbital pads,[Note 1] including 79 successful launches, 5 partial successes,[Note 2] and 10 failed launches. In addition to this, an indefinite number of suborbital launches has taken place from the Sounding Rocket Complex.

By rocket

Orbital vehicles

Suborbital vehicles

By launch pad

By year

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1980
1985
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
2015
2020

(Launches from the Sounding Rocket Complex are not included)

List of launches by pad

SLV Launch Pad

# Launch date Launch Vehicle & Variant Version /
Serial [2]
Result Notes
1 10 August 1979 SLV-3 D1 Failure Faulty valve and wrong assessment causes vehicle to crash into the Bay of Bengal (317 s after takeoff), Developmental Flight.[3]
2 18 July 1980 SLV-3 D2 Success Developmental Flight.
3 31 May 1981 SLV-3 D3 Partial Success Did not reach intended height. Satellite only orbits for 9 days, Developmental Flight.[3]
4 17 April 1983 SLV-3 D4 Success Developmental Flight.
5 24 March 1987 ASLV D1 Failure First stage did not ignite after strap-on burnout, Developmental Flight.[4]
6 13 July 1988 ASLV D2 Failure Insufficient control gain, Developmental Flight.[4]
7 20 May 1992 ASLV D3 Partial Success Lower than expected orbit and incorrect spin-stabilisation, payload decayed quickly.[5]
8 4 May 1994 ASLV D4 Success SROSS-C2 launched.[5]

First Launch Pad

# Launch date Launch Vehicle & Variant Version /
Serial [2]
Result Notes
1 20 September 1993 PSLV D1 Failure Unexpected large disturbance at the second stage separation resulting in a sub-orbital flight of the vehicle. One of the retro rockets designed to pull the burnt second stage away from the third stage failed.[6]
2 15 October 1994 PSLV D2 Success With the successful launch, India became the sixth country in the world to launch satellite in low-Earth orbit.[6]
3 21 March 1996 PSLV D3 Success Third developmental test flight, PSLV placed the 922 kg IRS-P3 satellite in the intended 817 km polar orbit.
4 29 September 1997 PSLV C1 Partial Success PSLV's first operational flight, placed IRS-1D into a polar orbit. However, it did not place the satellite in the desired circular orbit of 817 km, but in an elliptical orbit due to a leak of helium gas from one of the components.[7][8]
5 26 May 1999 PSLV C2 Success PSLV's first commercial launch and also was for the first time an Indian launch vehicle carried multiple satellites.[9]
6 18 April 2001 GSLV Mk I(a) D1 Partial Success Developmental Flight, payload placed into lower than planned orbit, and did not have sufficient fuel to reach a usable orbit.[10]
7 22 October 2001 PSLV C3 Success Placed three satellites in orbit - TES of India, PROBA (PRoject for On Board Autonomy) of the European Space Agency and the BIRD (Bispectral and Infrared Remote Detection) of Germany.
8 12 September 2002 PSLV C4 Success India's first launch to place a satellite into a Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit. The flight path of PSLV-C4 was specially modified to inject the satellite into a Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit having a perigee 250 km and an apogee of 36,000 km.
9 8 May 2003 GSLV Mk I(a) D2 Success Developmental Flight[11]
10 17 October 2003 PSLV C5 Success Payload capability had been progressively increased by more than 600 kg since the first PSLV launch. Launch took place despite heavy rain.[12]
11 20 September 2004 GSLV Mk I(b) F01 Success First operational flight[13]
12 10 January 2007 PSLV C7 Success For the first time, a Dual Launch Adopter (DLA) was used in the PSLV to accommodate two primary satellites at the same time.[14] Space capsule Recovery Experiment (SRE-1) also launched. The SRE-1 module remained in orbit for 12 days before re-entering the Earth's atmosphere and splashing down into the Bay of Bengal 22 January 2007. The re-capture of the SRE-1 module made India the fourth country to do so after the US, Russia and China.[15]
13 21 January 2008 PSLV-CA C10 Success An Israeli reconnaissance satellite, and ISRO's first fully commercial launch.[16]
14 23 September 2009 PSLV-CA C14 Success 7 satellites launched.[17] SwissCube-1[18] and ITUpSAT1,[19] Switzerland's and Turkey's first home-grown satellites launched into space.
15 12 July 2010 PSLV-CA C15 Success Main satellite Cartosat-2B and Algeria's ALSAT-2A along with AISSat-1, TIsat-1, and StudSat. TIsat-1 is the second ever Swiss satellite launched into Space. AISSat-1 and TIsat are part of NLS-6.[20]
16 20 April 2011 PSLV C16 Success The standard version, with six solid strap-on booster motors strung around the first stage, was used. ResourceSat-2 launched.[21]
17 12 October 2011 PSLV-CA C18 Success The Megha-Tropiques satellite for climate research launched along with three microsatellites: SRMSAT, the remote sensing satellite Jugnu and the VesselSat-1 to locate ships on high seas.[22][23]
18 26 April 2012 PSLV-XL C19 Success Radar Imaging Satellite-1 (RISAT-1) launched.[24]
19 9 September 2012 PSLV-CA C21 Success ISRO's 100th mission.[25]
20 25 February 2013 PSLV-CA C20 Success Indo-French SARAL and six other foreign satellites launched.[26][27]
21 1 July 2013 PSLV-XL C22 Success Launch of IRNSS-1A, the first satellite of the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System.[28]
22 5 November 2013 PSLV-XL C25 Success Mars Orbiter Mission or Mangalyaan, India's first mission to Mars.[29]
23 4 April 2014 PSLV-XL C24 Success IRNSS-1B, the second out of seven in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) launched.[30][31]
24 30 June 2014 PSLV-CA C23 Success Five foreign satellites including France's SPOT-7 launched.[32]
25 16 October 2014 PSLV-XL C26 Success IRNSS-1C, the third out of seven in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) launched.[33]
26 10 July 2015 PSLV-XL C28 Success UK-DMC 3 and two other foreign satellites launched. Heaviest ever commercial launch mission undertaken by ISRO.[34][35]
27 28 September 2015 PSLV-XL C30 Success Launch of India's first dedicated astronomy satellite Astrosat and ISRO's first launch of US satellites.[36]
28 16 December 2015 PSLV-CA C29 Success Commercial launch of 6 Singaporean satellites. Fourth stage re-ignition demonstrated successfully after payload deployment.[37]
29 28 April 2016 PSLV-XL C33 Success IRNSS-1G, the last out of seven in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) launched.[38][39]
30 23 May 2016 RLV-TD HEX 01 Success Suborbital. RLV-TD is one of the most technologically challenging endeavors of ISRO towards developing essential technologies for a fully reusable launch vehicle to enable low cost access to space.
31 26 September 2016 PSLV C35 Success First mission of PSLV to launch its payloads into two different orbits. Launch of ScatSat-1, 5 foreign and 2 student satellites.[40][41]
32 7 December 2016 PSLV-XL C36 Success Launch of Resourcesat-2A. First mission of PSLV to use India's own regional navigation system (NavIC) to navigate PSLV.[42][43]
33 15 February 2017 PSLV-XL C37 Success Successfully carried and deployed a record 104 satellites including Cartosat-2D in the polar Sun-synchronous orbit.[44][45]
34 23 June 2017 PSLV-XL C38 Success Simultaneous launch of 31 satellites including 29 foreign satellites, 1 student satellite and Cartosat-2E.[46]
35 12 January 2018 PSLV-XL C40 Success Simultaneous launch of 31 satellites including 28 foreign satellites and ISRO's 100th satellite Cartosat-2F.[47][48]
36 11 April 2018 PSLV-XL C41 Success Launch of IRNSS-1I, the ninth satellite of Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS).[49]
37 16 September 2018 PSLV-CA C42 Success Launch of NovaSAR and S1-4 of Surrey Satellite Technology[50]
38 24 January 2019 PSLV-DL C44 Success Launch of Microsat-R and Kalamsat.[51]
39 1 April 2019 PSLV-QL C45 Success Launch of EMISAT and 28 foreign satellites.[52]
40 22 May 2019 PSLV-CA C46 Success Launch of RISAT-2B.[53]
41 11 December 2019 PSLV-QL C48 Success Launch of 9 Commercial Satellites and RISAT-2BR1.[54]
42 7 November 2020 PSLV-DL C49 Success Launch of 9 Commercial Satellites and EOS-01.[55]
43 28 February 2021 PSLV-DL C51 Success Launch of Amazonia-1 and 13 commercial satellites.[56]
44 14 February 2022 PSLV-XL C52 Success Launch of EOS-4/RISAT-1A, INSPIRESat-1 and INS-2TD.[57][58]
45 7 August 2022 SSLV D1 Failure First demonstration flight of SSLV which carried the satellite payloads EOS 02 and AzaadiSAT. Due to sensor failure coupled with shortcomings of onboard software, the stage as well as the two satellite payloads were injected into an unstable elliptical orbit, and subsequently destroyed upon reentry.[59][60][61]
46 26 November 2022 PSLV-XL C54 Success Launch of the EOS-06/Oceansat-3 satellite and 8 commercial cubesats.
47 10 February 2023 SSLV D2 Success Launch of EOS-07 and two other satellites
48 22 April 2023 PSLV-CA C55 Success Commercial launch for Singapore's TeLEOS-2 satellite.
49 30 July 2023 PSLV-CA C56 Success Commercial launch for Singapore's DS-SAR satellite.
50 21 October 2023 TV-D1 Test Vehicle Abort Mission-1 Success Suborbital. High altitude abort test for the Gaganyaan crew spacecraft.
51 1 January 2024 PSLV-DL C58 Success Launch of the XPoSat scientific mission

Second Launch Pad

# Launch date Launch Vehicle & Variant Version /
Serial [2]
Result Notes
1 5 May 2005 PSLV C6 Success First launch from the Second Launch Pad, inaugurated on the immediately preceding day. After its integration in the Vehicle Assembly Building, the PSLV-C6 was transported on rails to the Umbilical Tower (UT) located 1 km away using the Mobile Launch Pedestal where the final operations were carried out.[62]
2 10 July 2006 GSLV Mk I(b) F02 Failure Both rocket and satellite had to be destroyed over the Bay of Bengal after the rocket's trajectory veered outside permitted limits.
3 23 April 2007 PSLV-CA C8 Success First flight of the 'Core-Alone' version. ISRO's first exclusively commercial launch.[63]
4 2 September 2007 GSLV Mk I(b) F04 Partial Success Successful Launch,[64] apogee lower and inclination higher than expected, due to minor error in guidance subsystem.[65] Eventually the 2160 kg payload reached the designated geostationary transfer orbit.[66][67]
5 28 April 2008 PSLV-CA C9 Success Rocket put 10 satellites into orbit in a precisely timed sequence, highest by any Indian launch vehicle. Two satellites belonged to India and the remaining were very small ones built by universities in different countries.[68]
6 22 October 2008 PSLV-XL C11 Success First flight of the PSLV-XL version.
Chandrayaan-1, India's first mission to the Moon launched.[69]
7 20 April 2009 PSLV-CA C12 Success India's first all weather observation spy satellite RISAT-2 launched.[70]
8 15 April 2010 GSLV Mk II D3 Failure First flight test of the ISRO designed and built Cryogenic Upper Stage. Failed to reach orbit due to malfunction of Fuel Booster Turbo Pump (FBTP) of the Cryogenic Upper Stage.[71]
9 25 December 2010 GSLV Mk I(c) D4 Failure First flight of GSLV Mk.I (c) Destroyed by range safety officer after loss of control of liquid fuelled boosters.[72]
10 15 July 2011 PSLV-XL C17 Success Indigenously developed flight computer 'Vikram' used for the first time. GSAT-12 launched.[73]
11 5 January 2014 GSLV Mk II D5 Success Launch of GSLV with indigenously built cryogenic engine and carrying GSAT-14 satellite.[74][75][76]
12 18 December 2014 LVM 3 LVM3-X Success Sub-orbital development test flight. It carried the CARE module.[77][78][79]
13 28 March 2015 PSLV-XL C27 Success IRNSS-1D, the fourth out of seven in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) launched.[80]
14 27 August 2015 GSLV Mk II D6 Success GSAT-6 launched and second successful launch of GSLV with indigenous cryogenic upper stage (CE-7.5).[81]
15 20 January 2016 PSLV-XL C31 Success IRNSS-1E, the fifth out of seven in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) launched.[82]
16 10 March 2016 PSLV-XL C32 Success IRNSS-1F, the sixth out of seven in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) launched.[83][84][85]
17 22 June 2016 PSLV-XL C34 Success Simultaneous launch of 20 satellites including 17 foreign satellites, 2 student satellites and Cartosat-2C.[86][87][88]
18 8 September 2016 GSLV Mk II F05 Success First operational flight of GSLV Mk II with indigenous CUS carrying INSAT-3DR.[89][90]
19 5 May 2017 GSLV Mk II F09 Success Launch of GSAT-9 / South Asia Satellite.[91][92]
20 5 June 2017 LVM 3 D1 Success First orbital test launch of GSLV Mk. III with a functional cryogenic stage. Launch of GSAT-19 satellite.[93][94]
21 31 August 2017 PSLV-XL C39 Failure Payload fairing (heat shield) failed to separate, causing the IRNSS-1H satellite to remain inside the fairing with the payload dispenser detaching the satellite internally.[95]
22 29 March 2018 GSLV Mk II F08 Success Launch of GSAT-6A using an enhanced version of the Vikas engine called High Thrust Vikas Engine (HTVE) which had a thrust of 848 kN in GS2 stage.[96][97]
23 14 November 2018 LVM 3 D2 Success Launch of GSAT-29.[98]
24 29 November 2018 PSLV-CA C43 Success Launch of HySIS and 30 commercial satellites.[99]
25 19 December 2018 GSLV Mk II F11 Success Launch of GSAT-7A.[100]
26 22 July 2019 LVM 3 M1 Success Launch of Chandrayaan-2.[101]
27 27 November 2019 PSLV-XL C47 Success Launch of Cartosat-3.[102]
28 17 December 2020 PSLV-XL C50 Success Launch of CMS-01.[103]
29 12 August 2021 GSLV Mk II F10 Failure Launch of EOS-03. Cryogenic upper stage failure resulted in mission failure.[104]
30 30 June 2022 PSLV-CA C53 Success Launch of DS-EO electro-optical satellite and two other small satellites from Singapore.[105] It also carried the PSLV Orbital Experimental Module (POEM) that is attached to upper stage to carry in-orbit experiments and carries 6 hosted payloads.[106]
31 22 October 2022 LVM 3 M2 Success Carried 36 OneWeb Satellites. First commercial launch of LVM 3.It is the heaviest payload that is launched by a LVM 3 and ISRO to date.
32 26 March 2023 LVM 3 M3 Success It carried 36 OneWeb Satellites. Second commercial launch of LVM 3.
33 29 May 2023 GSLV Mk II F12 Success Launch of the NVS-01 / IRNSS-1J navigation satellite.
34 14 July 2023 LVM 3 M4 Success Launch of the Chandrayaan-3 lunar exploration mission.
35 2 September 2023 PSLV-XL C57 Success Launch of the Aditya-L1 scientific mission

Sounding Rocket Complex

# Launch date Launch Vehicle & Variant Version /
Serial [2]
Result Notes
? 28 August 2016 Scramjet Engine - TD - Success The first experimental mission of ISRO's Scramjet Engine towards the realisation of an Air Breathing Propulsion System was successfully conducted from Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR, Sriharikota.
? 18 November 2022[107] Vikram-S Prarambh Success Carried 3 customer payloads. It was a India's First Private Rocket launch by Skyroot Aerospace

Planned launches

Launch date Launch pad Launch Vehicle & Variant Version /
Serial [2]
Result Notes
February 2024 TBD GSLV Planned INSAT-3DS
March 2024 TBD GSLV Planned NISAR
September 2024 TBD PSLV-XL Planned PROBA-3
2024 TBD PSLV Planned ANVESHA
2024 TBD PSLV Planned THEOS-2A

Other test activities by ISRO

Source:[108]
Launch date Launch pad Launch Vehicle & Variant Version /
Serial [2]
Result Notes
5 July 2018 - ISRO Pad Abort Test PAT Success Crew Escape System along with the simulated crew module with a mass of 12.6 tonnes, lifted off at 07.00 AM (IST) at the opening of the launch window from its pad at Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota.

Notes

  1. ^ Manually counting from the below given list of launches. All the stats given in this section have been found out using the same way.
  2. ^ A partial success occurs when the payload is placed into an orbit where it was still usable even though the intended height or orbit was not reached, or which could be corrected with the spacecraft's own propulsion.

References

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