Ten men and one woman standing in two rows, five men behind and higher up than the six at the front. The woman is close to the centre of the front row. Eight of the men are in military uniform consisting of a dark khaki four-button jacket and dark blue trousers; the other three people wear civilian suits. All eleven are wearing the insignia of two awards, one on each breast; those in military uniform wear various additional insignia.
The first eleven Soviet cosmonauts, July 1965. Back row, left to right: Leonov, Titov, Bykovsky, Yegorov, Popovich; front row: Komarov, Gagarin, Tereshkova, Nikolayev, Feoktistov, Belyayev. All were awarded the Hero of the Soviet Union, worn on the left breast and the Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR decoration, worn on the right. By the time that the twelfth cosmonaut (Georgy Beregovoy) flew in 1968, Komarov and Gagarin were both dead.
A Soviet space skafander in the Museum of Cosmonautics, Moscow

This is a list of cosmonauts who have taken part in the missions of the Soviet space program and the Russian Federal Space Agency, including ethnic Russians and people of other ethnicities.

Soviet and Russian cosmonauts born outside Russia are marked with an asterisk and their place of birth is shown in an additional list.

For the full plain lists of Russian and Soviet cosmonauts in Wikipedia, see Category:Russian cosmonauts

Five female cosmonauts have flown on the Soviet/Russian program: Valentina Tereshkova, Svetlana Savitskaya, Yelena Kondakova, Yelena Serova[1] and Anna Kikina.

Russian and Soviet cosmonauts

Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, the first man in space



Nikolai Budarin



Vladimir Dezhurov





Aleksandr Kaleri
Sergei Krikalev


Alexei Leonov
Yuri Lonchakov





Gennady Padalka



Leonid Popov, Svetlana Savitskaya, Aleksandr Serebrov
Svetlana Savitskaya
Svetlana Savitskaya


Valentina Tereshkova



Igor Volk


Fyodor Yurchikhin


Eastern Bloc cosmonauts

From 1978–1988, the Soviet Union transported 11 citizens of 10 nations closely allied to the USSR in the Soyuz crewed vehicle. All of them flew as a result of the Interkosmos program. These space travelers have usually been referred to as "cosmonauts".

Other cosmonauts

In 1982, as an extension of the Intercosmos program, the Soviet Union began to fly the citizens of countries not part of the Soviet bloc, starting with Jean-Loup Chrétien of France. The USSR and later Russia have transported 49 citizens of 18 other nations on the Soyuz vehicle, usually as part of a commercial arrangement, including seven space tourists flying through the Space Adventures contract. Since 2001, the Soyuz has been used to transport ESA, JAXA, and NASA astronauts to the International Space Station. These space travelers are not always referred to as "cosmonauts", especially if they belong to another space program; e.g., NASA employees are almost always referred to as "astronauts", even if they are flying on a Russian vehicle.





Soviet and Russian cosmonauts born outside Russia

All Soviet and RKA cosmonauts have been born within the borders of the U.S.S.R.; no cosmonaut who was born in independent Russia has yet flown. Many cosmonauts, however, were born in Soviet territories outside the boundaries of Russia, and may be claimed by various Soviet successor states as nationals of those states. All claimed Soviet or Russian citizenship at the time of their space flights.

Azerbaidzhan S.S.R. / Azerbaijan

Byelorussian S.S.R. / Belarus

Georgian S.S.R. / Georgia

Kazakh S.S.R. / Kazakhstan

Kirghiz S.S.R. / Kyrgyzstan

Latvian S.S.R. / Latvia

Turkmen S.S.R. / Turkmenistan

Ukrainian S.S.R. / Ukraine

Uzbek S.S.R. / Uzbekistan

See also


  1. ^ Garber, Todd Messer, Claire Rojstaczer, and Steve. "Women in Space". history.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2016-12-02.((cite web)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)