Soyuz TM-29
COSPAR ID1999-007A[1]
SATCAT no.25632[1]
Mission duration188 days, 20 hours, 16 minutes, 19 seconds
Orbits completed~3,070
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeSoyuz-TM
ManufacturerRKK Energia
Launch mass7,150 kilograms (15,760 lb)
Crew size3
MembersViktor Afanasyev
Jean-Pierre Haigneré
LaunchingIvan Bella
LandingSergei Avdeyev
CallsignДербе́нт (Derbent)
Start of mission
Launch dateFebruary 20, 1999, 04:18:01 (1999-02-20UTC04:18:01Z) UTC
End of mission
Landing dateAugust 28, 1999, 00:34:20 (1999-08-28UTC00:34:21Z) UTC
Landing site70 kilometres (43 mi) NE of Arkalyk
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude188 kilometres (117 mi)
Apogee altitude273 kilometres (170 mi)
Inclination51.6 degrees
Period88.6 minutes
Docking with Mir
Soyuz programme
(Crewed missions)

Soyuz TM-29 was a Russian Soyuz spaceflight launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome aboard a Soyuz 11A511U rocket. It docked with Mir on February 22 at 05:36 GMT with cosmonauts Viktor Afanasyev of Russia, Jean-Pierre Haigneré of France, and Ivan Bella of Slovakia aboard. Since two crew seats had been sold (to Slovakia and France), Afanasyev was the only Russian cosmonaut aboard. This meant that Russian engineer Avdeyev already aboard Mir would have to accept a double-length assignment. After the February 27 departure of EO-26 crew commander Padalka and cosmonaut Bella aboard Soyuz TM-28, the new EO-27 Mir crew consisted of Afanasyev as Commander, Avdeyev as Engineer and French cosmonaut Haigneré.


Position Launching crew Landing crew
Commander Russia Viktor Afanasyev
Third spaceflight
Flight Engineer France Jean-Pierre Haigneré
Second and last spaceflight
Research Cosmonaut/Flight Engineer Slovakia Ivan Bella
Only spaceflight
Russia Sergei Avdeyev
Third and last spaceflight

Mission highlights

38th expedition to Mir.


  1. ^ a b "SPACEWARN Bulletin Number 544". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. Retrieved December 5, 2019.