Soyuz T-10
Mission typeDock with Salyut 7
OperatorExperimental Design Bureau (OKB-1)
COSPAR ID1984-014A Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.14701
Mission duration62 days 22 hours 41 minutes 22 seconds
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftSoyuz 7K-ST No.15L
Spacecraft typeSoyuz-T
ManufacturerExperimental Design Bureau (OKB-1)
Launch mass6850 kg
Landing mass2800 kg
Crew size3
LaunchingLeonid Kizim
Vladimir Solovyov
Oleg Atkov
LandingYuri Malyshev
Gennadi Strekalov
Rakesh Sharma
CallsignMayak (Beacon)
Start of mission
Launch date8 February 1984, 12:07:26 UTC
RocketSoyuz-U s/n Yu15000-357
Launch siteBaikonur, Site 31/6
ContractorExperimental Design Bureau (OKB-1)
End of mission
Landing date11 April 1984, 10:48:48 UTC
Landing site160 km at the east of Dzhezkazgan, Kazakhstan
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric orbit
RegimeLow Earth orbit
Perigee altitude199.0 km
Apogee altitude219.0 km
Period88.7 minutes
Docking with Salyut 7
Docking date13 April 1984

Soyuz T-10 was the fifth expedition to the Salyut 7 space station. It entered a darkened and empty station because of the loss of Soyuz T-10a. It was visited by the sixth and seventh expeditions. During the course of the cosmonauts stay, three extravehicular activities took place to repair a fuel line.[1]

During their multiple spacewalks to perform maintenance on the station, the crew set a record for spacewalk hours.[2]


Position Launching Cosmonaut Landing Cosmonaut
Commander Soviet Union Leonid Kizim
Second spaceflight
Soviet Union Yuri Malyshev
Second and last spaceflight
Flight Engineer Soviet Union Vladimir Solovyov
First spaceflight
Soviet Union Gennadi Strekalov
Third spaceflight
Research Cosmonaut Soviet Union Oleg Atkov
Only spaceflight
India Rakesh Sharma
Only spaceflight

Backup crew

Position Cosmonaut
Commander Soviet Union Vladimir Vasyutin
Flight Engineer Soviet Union Viktor Savinykh
Research Cosmonaut Soviet Union Valeri Polyakov

Mission parameters

Mission highlights

Fifth expedition to Salyut 7. Visited by 6th and 7th expeditions. The three-person Mayak crew entered the darkened Salyut 7 station carrying flashlights. The cosmonauts commented on the burnt-metal odor of the drogue docking unit.[3] By 17 February 1984, Salyut 7 was fully reactivated, and the cosmonauts had settled into a routine. Physician Oleg Atkov did household chores and monitored his own health and that of his colleagues, who conducted experiments. During the previous year a fuel line on the station had ruptured. Kizim and Solovyov carried out three EVAs to try to fix the problem during the mission.


  1. ^ D.S.F. Portree (1995). "Mir Hardware Heritage" (PDF). NASA. pp. 50, 97–99. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 July 2003. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ Yenne, Bill (1988). The Pictorial History of World Spaceflight. Exeter. pp. 170, 177. ISBN 0-7917-0188-3.
  3. ^ "Soyuz T-10". Spacefacts.