Progress 19
Progress drawing.svg
A Progress 7K-TG spacecraft
Mission typeSalyut 7 resupply
COSPAR ID1984-018A Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.14757[1]
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftProgress (No.120)
Spacecraft typeProgress 7K-TG[2]
ManufacturerNPO Energia
Start of mission
Launch date21 February 1984; 38 years ago (1984-02-21), 06:46:05 UTC[1]
RocketSoyuz-U[2]
Launch siteBaikonur, Site 31/6
End of mission
DisposalDeorbited
Decay date1 April 1984; 38 years ago (1984-04-01), 18:18 UTC[3]
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude186 km[3]
Apogee altitude245 km[3]
Inclination51.6°[3]
Period88.8 minutes[3]
Epoch21 February 1984
Docking with Salyut 7
Docking portAft[3]
Docking date23 February 1984, 08:21 UTC
Undocking date31 March 1984, 09:40 UTC
 

Progress 19 (Russian: Прогресс 19) was a Soviet uncrewed Progress cargo spacecraft, which was launched in February 1984 to resupply the Salyut 7 space station.

Spacecraft

Progress 19 was a Progress 7K-TG spacecraft. The 19th of forty three to be launched, it had the serial number 120.[4][5] The Progress 7K-TG spacecraft was the first generation Progress, derived from the Soyuz 7K-T and intended for uncrewed logistics missions to space stations in support of the Salyut programme. On some missions the spacecraft were also used to adjust the orbit of the space station.[6]

The Progress spacecraft had a dry mass of 6,520 kilograms (14,370 lb), which increased to around 7,020 kilograms (15,480 lb) when fully fuelled. It measured 7.48 metres (24.5 ft) in length, and 2.72 metres (8 ft 11 in) in diameter. Each spacecraft could accommodate up to 2,500 kilograms (5,500 lb) of payload, consisting of dry cargo and propellant. The spacecraft were powered by chemical batteries, and could operate in free flight for up to three days, remaining docked to the station for up to thirty.[6]

Launch

Progress 19 launched on 21 February 1984 from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in the Kazakh SSR. It used a Soyuz-U rocket.[2][7]

Docking

Progress 19 docked with the aft port of Salyut 7 on 23 February 1984 at 08:21 UTC, and was undocked on 31 March 1984 at 09:40 UTC.[3][8]

Decay

It remained in orbit until 1 April 1984, when it was deorbited. The deorbit burn occurred at 18:18 UTC, with the mission ending at around 19:05 UTC.[3][8]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Launchlog". Jonathan's Space Report. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "Progress 1 - 42 (11F615A15, 7K-TG)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Cargo spacecraft "Progress 19"". Manned Astronautics figures and facts. Archived from the original on 13 October 2007.
  4. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "Progress 1 - 42 (11F615A15, 7K-TG)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 26 November 2010.
  5. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 26 November 2010.
  6. ^ a b Hall, Rex D.; Shayler, David J. (2003). Soyuz: A Universal Spacecraft. Springer-Praxis. pp. 239–250. ISBN 1-85233-657-9.
  7. ^ "Progress 19". NASA. Retrieved 6 December 2020. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  8. ^ a b "Salyut 7". Astronautix. Archived from the original on 11 December 2016. Retrieved 6 December 2020.