Eutelsat I F-2
NamesECS-2
European Communications Satellite-2
Eutelsat 2
Mission typeCommunications
OperatorESA / Eutelsat
COSPAR ID1984-081A Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.15158
Websitehttps://www.eutelsat.com/en/home.html
Mission duration7 years (planned)
9 years (achieved)
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftECS-2
Spacecraft typeECS
BusECS-Bus
ManufacturerBritish Aerospace
Launch mass1,158 kg (2,553 lb) [1]
Dry mass500 kg (1,100 lb)
Dimensions1.9 m x 1.4 m x 2.3 m
Span on orbit: 13.8 m
Power1 kW
Start of mission
Launch date4 August 1984, 13:32:54 UTC[2]
RocketAriane 3 (V10)
Launch siteCentre Spatial Guyanais, ELA-1
ContractorArianespace
Entered serviceOctober 1984
End of mission
DisposalGraveyard orbit
DeactivatedDecember 1993
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric orbit[3]
RegimeGeostationary orbit
Longitude7° East (1984–1990)
4° East (1990–1992)
2° East (1992–1993)
1° East (1993)
Transponders
Band12 Ku-band
Bandwidth72 MHz
Coverage areaEurope
 

Eutelsat I F-2, also known as European Communications Satellite 2 (ECS-2) is a decommissioned communications satellite operated by the European Telecommunications Satellite Organisation (Eutelsat). Launched in 1984, it was operated in geostationary orbit at a longitude of 7° East, before moving to several other locations later in its operational life, before it was finally decommissioned in 1993. It was the second of five satellites launched to form the first-generation Eutelsat constellation.

History

The European Telecommunications Satellite Organization (Eutelsat) has been servicing the European Economic Community (CEE) since 1977, being formally established by a multi-lateral agreement in 1985. In 1979, European Space Agency (ESA) agreed to design, build, and launch five ECS (European Communications Satellite) spacecraft to be assumed by Eutelsat after on-orbit testing.[1]

The Eutelsat I series of satellites was developed by the European Space Agency (ESA) as part of the European Communications Satellite (ECS) programme. Once launched and checked out in a geostationary orbit over Europe, each satellite was handed to Eutelsat for commercial operations. Four Eutelsat I satellites were successfully launched between 1983 and 1988 (1983, 1984, 1987, and 1988). They served both public and private traffic, including telephone services, fax, data, land mobile service, and television and radio programming. Each had a design life of 7 years and a bandwidth of 72 MHz.[4] ECS-3 was lost in an Ariane 3 launch accident in 1985.

Satellite description

The ECS-2 spacecraft, had a mass at launch of 1,158 kg (2,553 lb).[4] Constructed by British Aerospace, it was designed to be operated for seven years and carried 12 Ku-band transponders, two of which were set aside as spares.[1] It also only had partial eclipse protection, requiring some channels to be turned off during eclipse periods around the spring and autumn equinoxes.[5] The satellite contained a Mage-2 solid rocket motor to perform orbit circularisation at apogee.[1]

Launch

ECS-2 was launched by Arianespace, using an Ariane 3 launch vehicle, flight number V10. The launch took place at 13:32:54 UTC on 4 August 1984, from ELA-1 at Centre Spatial Guyanais, at Kourou, French Guiana.[2] Successfully deployed into geostationary transfer orbit (GTO), ECS-2 raised itself into an operational geostationary orbit using its apogee motor.

Mission

Following commissioning operations conducted by the European Space Agency (ESA), the Eutelsat I F-2 satellite was moved to its operational orbital position at 7° East, entering service in October 1984. The satellite was decommissioned in December 1993.[6] It is in a graveyard orbit.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Krebs, Gunter (21 July 2019). "ECS 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 (Eutelsat-1 F1, 2, 4, 5)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 16 April 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Report. 14 March 2021. Retrieved 16 April 2021.
  3. ^ "EUTELSAT 1-F2 (ECS 2)". N2YO.com. Retrieved 16 April 2021.
  4. ^ a b "Display: EUTELSAT 2 1984-081A". NASA. 13 April 2021. Retrieved 20 April 2021. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  5. ^ a b "Eutelsat 1F2". The Satellite Encyclopedia. Tag Broadcasting Services. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  6. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Geostationary Orbit Catalog". Jonathan's Space Report. Archived from the original on 9 September 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2014.