Progress M-12
Mission typeMir resupply
COSPAR ID1992-022A Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.21946Edit this on Wikidata
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeProgress-M 11F615A55
ManufacturerNPO Energia
Launch mass7,250 kilograms (15,980 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date19 April 1992, 21:29:25 (1992-04-19UTC21:29:25Z) UTC
Launch siteBaikonur Site 1/5
End of mission
Decay date27 June 1992, 00:02:51 (1992-06-27UTC00:02:52Z) UTC
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude371 kilometres (231 mi)[1]
Apogee altitude415 kilometres (258 mi)[1]
Inclination51.6 degrees
Docking with Mir
Docking portCore Forward
Docking date21 April 1992, 23:21:59 UTC
Undocking date27 June 1992, 21:34:44 UTC
Time docked67 days

Progress M-12 (Russian: Прогресс М-12) was a Russian uncrewed cargo spacecraft which was launched in 1992 to resupply the Mir space station.[2] The thirtieth of sixty four Progress spacecraft to visit Mir, it used the Progress-M 11F615A55 configuration,[3] and had the serial number 213.[4] It carried supplies including food, water and oxygen for the EO-11 crew aboard Mir, as well as equipment for conducting scientific research, and fuel for adjusting the station's orbit and performing manoeuvres.

Progress M-12 was launched at 21:29:25 GMT on 19 April 1992, atop a Soyuz-U2 carrier rocket flying from Site 1/5 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome.[4] Following two days of free flight, it docked with the Forward port of the core module of Mir at 23:21:59 GMT on 21 April.[5][6] During the 67 days for which Progress M-12 was docked, Mir was in an orbit of around 371 by 415 kilometres (200 by 224 nmi), inclined at 51.6 degrees.[1] Progress M-12 undocked from Mir at 21:34:44 GMT on 27 June, and was deorbited few hours later, to a destructive reentry over the Pacific Ocean at around 00:02:51 the next day.[1][5]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-08-31.
  2. ^ "Progress M-12". NSSDC Master Catalog. US National Space Science Data Center. Retrieved 2009-08-31.
  3. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "Progress-M 1 - 13, 15 - 37, 39 - 67 (11F615A55, 7KTGM)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-08-31.
  4. ^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-08-31.
  5. ^ a b Anikeev, Alexander. "Cargo spacecraft "Progress M-12"". Manned Astronautics - Figures & Facts. Archived from the original on 2007-10-09. Retrieved 2009-08-31.
  6. ^ Wade, Mark. "Progress M". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 2009-07-10. Retrieved 2009-08-31.