Soyuz TM-14
COSPAR ID1992-014A Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.21908Edit this on Wikidata
Mission duration145 days, 14 hours, 10 minutes, 32 seconds
Orbits completed~2,280
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftSoyuz 7K-STM No. 64
Spacecraft typeSoyuz-TM
ManufacturerNPO Energia
Launch mass7,150 kilograms (15,760 lb)
Crew size3
MembersAleksandr Viktorenko
Aleksandr Kaleri
LaunchingKlaus-Dietrich Flade
LandingMichel Tognini
CallsignВи́тязь (Vityaz' – Knight)
Start of mission
Launch date17 March 1992, 10:54:30 (1992-03-17UTC10:54:30Z) UTC
End of mission
Landing date10 August 1992, 01:05:02 (1992-08-10UTC01:05:03Z) UTC
Landing site136 kilometres (85 mi) SE of Dzhezkazgan
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude373 kilometres (232 mi)
Apogee altitude394 kilometres (245 mi)
Inclination51.6 degrees
Period92.2 minutes
Docking with Mir
Docking date19 March 1992, 12:32:50 UTC
Undocking date9 August 1992, 21:46:47 UTC
Soyuz programme
(Crewed missions)

Soyuz TM-14 was the 14th expedition to the Mir space station.[1] It included an astronaut from Germany, and was the first Russian Soyuz mission after the collapse of the Soviet Union.


Position Launching crew Landing crew
Commander Russia Aleksandr Viktorenko
Third spaceflight
Flight Engineer Russia Aleksandr Kaleri
First spaceflight
Research Cosmonaut Germany Klaus-Dietrich Flade
First spaceflight
France Michel Tognini
First spaceflight

Mission highlights

Klaus Dietrich Flade became the second German to visit a space station when he reached Mir with the Vityaz crew. The first was Sigmund Jähn of East Germany, who visited Salyut 6 in 1978. Flade conducted 14 German experiments as part of Germany's preparation for participation in the Freedom and Columbus space station projects.

Suffered a landing system malfunction, causing its descent module to turn over. It came to rest upside down, trapping its occupants inside until it could be righted.


  1. ^ The full mission report is available here: